PISA 2006 Technical Report
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PISA 2006 Technical Report

The PISA 2006 Technical Report describes the methodology underlying the PISA 2006 survey. It examines additional features related to the implementation of the project at a level of detail that allows researchers to understand and replicate its analyses. The reader will find a wealth of information on the test and sample design, methodologies used to analyse the data, technical features of the project and quality control mechanisms.
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Chapter
 

Translation and cultural appropriateness of the test and survey material You do not have access to this content

English
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Author(s):
OECD

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Literature on empirical comparative research refers to translation issues as one of the most frequent problems in cross-cultural surveys. Translation errors are much more frequent than other problems, such as clearly identified discrepancies due to cultural biases or curricular differences. (Harkness, Van de Vijver and Mohler, 2003; Hambleton, Merenda and Spielberger, 2005).
 
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