OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training

2077-7736 (online)
2077-7728 (print)
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Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. What type of training is needed to meet the needs of changing economies? How should the programmes be funded? How should they be linked to academic and university programmes? How can employers and unions be engaged? The country reports in this series look at these and other questions. They form part of Skills beyond School, the OECD policy review of postsecondary vocational education and training.

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OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training: A Learning for Jobs Review of Sweden 2008

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Malgorzata Kuczera, Simon Field, Nancy Hoffman, Stefan Wolter
30 Apr 2008
9789264113978 (PDF)

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Learning for Jobs is an OECD study of vocational education and training (VET) designed to help countries make their VET systems more responsive to labour market needs.

Sweden has a well-established VET system at upper secondary level, grounded on strong outcomes in basic schooling, with high-status VET tracks and modest rates of dropout. The challenges to the system include relatively high rates of unemployment for young people, an ageing workforce of school-based trainers, and very limited engagement by the social partners.

The OECD review assesses the main challenges faced by the VET system and presents an interconnected package of policy recommendations. For each recommendation, the report describes the challenge, the recommendation itself, supporting arguments, and issues of implementation.

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Table of Contents

Summary: strengths, challenges and recommendations 5
-Strengths 5
-Challenges 5
-Recommendations 5
Chapter 1. Introduction  7
-1.1 The OECD policy review of Sweden 8
-1.2 The structure of the report 9
-1.3 A snapshot of upper secondary VET in Sweden 9
-1.4 Strengths and challenges in the Swedish VET system 10
Chapter 2. Policy recommendations 15
-2.1 Selection and upper secondary VET 16
-2.2 Developing partnerships among VET stakeholders 18
-2.3 Fair competition among schools 22
-2.4 Better information on labour market outcomes 23
-2.5 Work placement as a lever of change 25
-2.6 Introducing apprenticeship training in Sweden 30
References 37
Annex A. Background information  41
-1. Terms of reference for Sweden  41
-2. Biographical information 42
-3. Programme of the review visits 43
Annex B. International and national statistics  45
-1. Sweden in international comparison 45
-2. Statistical picture of upper secondary VET in Sweden 51

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