OECD Education Working Papers

Les compétences bien sûr, mais pas seulement
1993-9019 (online)
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies drawing on the work of the OECD Directorate for Education. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language (English or French) with a short summary available in the other.
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  N° 28   10 Feb 2010 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/les-competences-bien-sur-mais-pas-seulement_5kmldw23rnls-fr
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Les compétences bien sûr, mais pas seulement
Ce rapport examine l’influence des compétences acquises à l’âge de 15 ans sur la participation aux études postsecondaires chez les jeunes Canadiens. Ces compétences sont mesurées par les résultats au test PISA obtenus auprès d’un échantillon d’élèves canadiens de 15 ans en 2000. Le rapport tente de répondre aux questions suivantes : • Quel est...
  N° 55   07 Jan 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/workforce-skills-and-innovation_5kgk6hpnhxzq-en
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Workforce Skills and Innovation
Phillip Toner
This paper provides an account of the main approaches, debates and evidence in the literature on the role of workforce skills in the innovation process in developed economies. It draws on multiple sources including the innovation studies discipline, neoclassical Human Capital theory,...
  N° 135   20 May 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/work-train-win-work-based-learning-design-and-management-for-productivity_5jlz6rbns1g1-en
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Work, train, win: work-based learning design and management for productivity gains
Viktoria Kis
Realising the potential of work-based learning schemes as a driver of productivity requires careful design and support. The length of work-based learning schemes should be adapted to the profile of productivity gains. A scheme that is too long for a given skill set might be unattractive for...
  N° 22   05 Feb 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/what-works-in-migrant-education_227131784531
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What Works in Migrant Education?
Deborah Nusche
Education plays an essential role in preparing the children of immigrants for participation in the labour market and society. Giving these children opportunities to fully develop their potential is vital for future economic growth and social cohesion in OECD countries. But migrant students in...
  N° 137   07 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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What Makes a School a Learning Organisation?
Marco Kools, Louise Stoll
What are the characteristics of a school as learning organisation? This paper should be seen as an attempt to work towards a common understanding of the school as learning organisation concept that is both solidly founded in the literature and is recognisable to all parties involved, i.e....
  N° 54   22 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/using-student-test-results-for-accountability-and-improvement_5km4htwzbv30-en
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Using Student Test Results for Accountability and Improvement
Morten Anstorp Rosenkvist
This report discusses the most relevant issues concerning using student test results in OECD countries. Initially the report provides an overview of how student test results are reported in OECD countries and how stakeholders in these countries use and perceive of the results. The report then...
  N° 139   07 Sep 2016 Click to Access: 
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United in Diversity: A Complexity Perspective on the Role of Attainment Targets in Quality Assurance in Flanders
Rien Rouw, Marc Fuster, Tracey Burns, Marlon Brandt
This case study explores the role of attainment targets as a means of systemic quality assurance in Flanders (Belgium), an education system whose governance structures and processes are characterised by high decentralisation and the participation of multiple actors. The analysis identifies a...
  N° 9   09 July 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/understanding-the-regional-contribution-of-higher-education-institutions_161208155312
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Understanding the Regional Contribution of Higher Education Institutions
Peter Arbo, Paul Benneworth
The contribution of higher education institutions to regional development is a theme that has attracted growing attention in recent years. Knowledge institutions are increasingly expected not only to conduct education and research, but also to play an active role in the economic, social and...
  N° 92   14 May 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/understanding-school-building-policy-and-practice-in-belgium-s-flemish-community_5k46h2rtw5mx-en
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Understanding School Building Policy and Practice in Belgium's Flemish Community
Geert Leemans, Hannah von Ahlefeld
This paper describes a conceptual framework that can be used to interpret the general policy issues driving the design, construction, maintenance and evaluation of school buildings in Belgium’s Flemish Community. Within the context of this framework, eight policy challenges relating to the...
  N° 59   21 Feb 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/tuning-ahelo-conceptual-framework-of-expected-and-desired-learning-outcomes-in-economics_5kghtchwb3nn-en
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Tuning-AHELO Conceptual Framework of Expected and Desired Learning Outcomes in Economics
The OECD Secretariat, at the invitation of the AHELO Group of National Experts, contracted the Tuning Association to undertake initial development work on learning outcomes to be used for valid and reliable assessments of students from diverse institutions and countries. The two disciplines...
  N° 108   19 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/trust-what-it-is-and-why-it-matters-for-governance-and-education_5jxswcg0t6wl-en
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Trust: What it is and Why it Matters for Governance and Education
Lucie Cerna
Trust is indispensable for social and economic relations; it is the glue that holds organisations together and appears to work somehow mysteriously. Overall, trust is a ubiquitous ingredient in policymaking and implementation across many governance systems including education, whether it...
  N° 118   06 May 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/towards-the-development-of-contextual-questionnaires-for-the-pisa-for-development-study_5js1kv8crsjf-en
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Towards the development of contextual questionnaires for the PISA for development study
J. Douglas Willms, Lucia Tramonte
The aim of this paper is to describe the technical issues to be addressed in enhancing the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) contextual questionnaires instruments for the PISA for Development (PfD) study. We discuss the conceptual framework for the contextual questionnaires...
  N° 119   21 May 2015 Click to Access: 
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The educational roots of trust
Francesca Borgonovi, Tracey Burns
Trust is important for social and economic well-being, for enhancing social cohesion and strengthening resilience, and for maintaining security and order in our societies. Trust is the foundation upon which social capital is built and it also is intimately related to human capital. This work...
  N° 96   12 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-simple-the-complicated-and-the-complex-educational-reform-through-the-lens-of-complexity-theory_5k3txnpt1lnr-en
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The Simple, the Complicated, and the Complex: Educational Reform Through the Lens of Complexity Theory
Sean Snyder
This paper explores the nature of complexity theory and its applications for educational reform. It briefly explains the history of complexity theory and identifies the key concepts of complex adaptive systems, and then moves on to define the differences between simple, complicated, and...
  N° 3   30 Sep 2003 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-role-of-national-qualifications-systems-in-promoting-lifelong-learning_224841854572
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The Role of National Qualifications Systems in Promoting Lifelong Learning
Friederike Behringer, Mike Coles
The aim of the OECD activity The Role of National Qualifications Systems in Promoting Lifelong Learning is to investigate how qualifications systems influence the volume, distribution and quality of lifelong learning. This paper takes forward thinking about the ways in which qualifications...
  N° 71   22 Feb 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-policy-impact-of-pisa_5k9fdfqffr28-en
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The Policy Impact of PISA
Simon Breakspear
Little research has been done into how the results of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) affect national educational reform and policy-making. This paper examines the normative impact of PISA by investigating how, and the extent to which , national policy actors use PISA...
  N° 136   24 June 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-neuroscience-of-mathematical-cognition-and-learning_5jlwmn3ntbr7-en
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The Neuroscience of Mathematical Cognition and Learning
Chung Yen Looi, Jacqueline Thompson, Beatrix Krause, Roi Cohen Kadosh
The synergistic potential of cognitive neuroscience and education for efficient learning has attracted considerable interest from the general public, teachers, parents, academics and policymakers alike. This review is aimed at providing 1) an accessible and general overview of the research...
  N° 49   09 June 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-impact-of-the-1999-education-reform-in-poland_5kmbjgkm1m9x-en
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The Impact of the 1999 Education Reform in Poland
Increasing the share of vocational secondary schooling has been a mainstay of development policy for decades, especially in formerly socialist countries. However, the transition to market economies led to significant restructuring of school systems and a decline in the number of vocational...
  N° 129   21 Mar 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-impact-of-literacy-numeracy-and-computer-skills-on-earnings-and-employment-outcomes_5jm2cv4t4gzs-en
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The Impact of Literacy, Numeracy and Computer Skills on Earnings and Employment Outcomes
Marguerita Lane, Gavan Conlon
Using the 2012 PIAAC data, our analysis confirms that there are significantly higher earnings and employment returns to both increasing levels of formally recognised education, and to increasing levels of numeracy, literacy and Information and communication technologies (ICT) skills...
  N° 117   05 May 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-efficiency-of-secondary-schools-in-an-international-perspective_5js1t53mrdf0-en
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The Efficiency of Secondary Schools in an International Perspective
Tommaso Agasisti, Pablo Zoido
As governments around the world struggle with doing more with less, efficiency analysis climbs to the top of the policy agenda. This paper derives efficiency measures for more than 8,600 schools in 30 countries, using PISA 2012 data and a bootstrap version of Data Envelopment Analysis as a...
  N° 133   05 May 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/test-taking-engagement-in-piaac_5jlzfl6fhxs2-en
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Test-taking engagement in PIAAC
Frank Goldhammer, Thomas Martens, Gabriela Christoph, Oliver Lüdtke
In this study, we investigated how empirical indicators of test-taking engagement can be defined, empirically validated, and used to describe group differences in the context of the Programme of International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC). The approach was to distinguish between...
  N° 69   14 Feb 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/technical-feasibility-of-reporting-yits-2010-skill-assessment-results-on-the-pisa-2000-reading-scale_5k9fhndspvf1-en
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Technical Feasibility of Reporting YITS 2010 Skill Assessment Results on the PISA 2000 Reading Scale
Fernando Cartwright
This study examines the feasibility of reporting scores of a test based on the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2000 instrument that was administered to a sample of 25-year-old Youth in Transition Survey (YITS) respondents on the PISA scale. Each of these respondents also...
  N° 23   20 Oct 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/teacher-evaluation-current-practices-in-oecd-countries-and-a-literature-review_223283631428
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Teacher Evaluation: Current Practices in OECD Countries and a Literature Review
Marlène Isoré
This paper discusses the most relevant issues concerning teacher evaluation in primary and secondary education by reviewing the recent literature and analysing current practices within the OECD countries. First, it provides a conceptual framework highlighting key features of teacher evaluation...
  N° 2   20 Dec 2002 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/teacher-education-and-the-teaching-career-in-an-era-of-lifelong-learning_226408628504
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Teacher Education and the Teaching Career in an Era of Lifelong Learning
John Coolahan
This paper attempts to position the teaching career within the context of the changing policy paradigm of lifelong learning. The paper locates the emergence of this policy within some of the fundamental social and economic changes which are re-shaping contemporary society. It emphasises that...
  N° 1   20 Dec 2002 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/teacher-demand-and-supply_232506301033
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Teacher Demand and Supply
Paulo Santiago
This paper provides an extensive review of the most relevant issues involved in the management of teacher demand and supply at the pre-tertiary level. First, it proposes a conceptual framework for distinguishing among, defining and relating the different relevant factors. Second, it identifies...
  N° 53   09 Nov 2010 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/taking-on-the-completion-challenge_5km4m2t59cmr-en
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Taking on the Completion Challenge
Cecilia S. Lyche
This paper reviews international research in the field of dropout from upper secondary education and training in OECD countries in order to present possible solutions to policymakers faced with the completion challenge. The paper begins by presenting existing definitions of dropout and upper...
  N° 116   21 Apr 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/supporting-teachers-and-schools-to-promote-positive-student-behaviour-in-england-and-ontario-canada_5js333qmrqzq-en
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Supporting teachers and schools to promote positive student behaviour in England and Ontario (Canada)
Gabriela Moriconi, Julie Bélanger
This paper presents the findings based on case studies of the educational systems of England and of the Canadian province of Ontario, as part of a research project funded by the Thomas J. Alexander Fellowship Programme.1 This research project aims to provide inputs to policymakers and school...
  N° 43   05 Feb 2010 Click to Access: 
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Summary of the June 2009 educationtoday Crisis Survey
Kiira Kärkkäinen
This paper provides initial reflections on the impact of the economic crisis on education across the OECD area by analysing the OECD educationtoday crisis survey responses of June 2009. It first looks at the impact of the crisis on education demand and participation, after which the focus turns...
  N° 80   20 June 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/subsidies-and-levies-as-policy-instruments-to-encourage-employer-provided-training_5k97b083v1vb-en
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Subsidies and Levies as Policy Instruments to Encourage Employer-Provided Training
Normann Müller, Friederike Behringer
This paper provides an overview of the available information concerning selected policy instruments intended to promote employer-provided training, including the stated rationale and objectives, the target groups and operational design as well as a at a summary of the evaluative evidence...
  N° 65   11 Oct 2011 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/student-standardised-testing_5kg3rp9qbnr6-en
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Student Standardised Testing
Allison Morris
This report discusses the most relevant issues concerning student standardised testing in which there are no-stakes for students ("standardised testing") through a literature review and a review of the trends in standardised testing in OECD countries. Unlike standardised tests in which there...
  N° 127   06 Feb 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/student-learning-time_5jm409kqqkjh-en
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Student Learning Time
Anna Gromada, Claire Shewbridge
This paper examines student learning time as a key educational resource. It presents an overview of how different OECD countries allocate instruction time. It also develops a model to understand the effective use of allocated instruction time and examines how different OECD countries compare on...
  N° 112   30 Jan 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/student-behaviour-and-use-of-class-time-in-brazil-chile-and-mexico_5js6bhlchwmt-en
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Student Behaviour and Use of Class Time in Brazil, Chile and Mexico
Gabriela Moriconi, Julie Bélanger
Teachers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico report having high percentages of students with behavioural problems in their classes. Especially in Brazil, teachers report spending large amounts of time keeping order in the classroom. Besides potentially significantly reducing instructional time and...
  N° 109   17 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/steering-from-the-centre-new-modes-of-governance-in-multi-level-education-systems_5jxswcfs4s5g-en
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Steering from the Centre: New Modes of Governance in Multi-level Education Systems
Harald Wilkoszewski, Eli Sundby
The governance of complex, decentralised, multi-level education systems poses two fundamental questions for both policy- and research discussions: What are innovative contemporary governance strategies for the central level in education systems? How can these approaches be described and...
  N° 78   12 June 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/statistical-matching-of-pisa-2009-and-talis-2008-data-in-iceland_5k97g3zzvg30-en
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Statistical Matching of PISA 2009 and TALIS 2008 Data in Iceland
David Kaplan, Alyn Turner
The OECD Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) constitute two of the largest ongoing international student and teacher surveys presently underway. Data generated from these surveys offer researchers and policy-makers...
  N° 91   17 Apr 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/sparking-innovation-in-stem-education-with-technology-and-collaboration_5k480sj9k442-en
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Sparking Innovation in STEM Education with Technology and Collaboration
Kiira Kärkkäinen, Stéphan Vincent-Lancrin
This report highlights innovative technology-supported pedagogic models in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education, explores what to expect from collaboration in a designed network, and, thereafter, sketches lessons for promoting educational innovation through...
  N° 114   27 Feb 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/skills-and-wage-inequality_5js4xfgl4ks0-en
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Skills and Wage Inequality
Marco Paccagnella
This paper exploits data from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) to shed light on the link between measured cognitive skills (proficiency), (formal) educational attainment and labour market outcomes. After presenting descriptive statistics on the degree of dispersion in the distributions of...
  N° 11   23 Nov 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/skilled-voices_050662025403
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Skilled Voices?
Florian Walter, Sieglinde Rosenberger
This study, part of OECD/CERI's project on Measuring the Social Outcomes of Learning, investigates the relationship between educational attainment and political participation in Austria. First, a model based on various theoretical considerations is introduced. This incorporates direct...
  N° 104   23 July 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/shifting-responsibilities-20-years-of-education-devolution-in-sweden_5jz2jg1rqrd7-en
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Shifting Responsibilities - 20 Years of Education Devolution in Sweden
Patrick Blanchenay, Tracey Burns, Florian Köster
This case study examines the consequences of important education decentralisation reforms that took place in Sweden in the early 1990s. The sudden shift away from a traditionally centralised education system towards a decentralised one meant that municipalities had to quickly accommodate new...
  N° 95   06 Jan 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/schooling-matters_5k3v0hldmchl-en
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Schooling Matters
William H. Schmidt, Pablo Zoido, Leland Cogan
Many international comparisons of education over the past 50 years have included some measure of students’ opportunity to learn (OTL) in their schooling. Results have typically confirmed the common sense notion that a student’s exposure in school to the assessed concepts, operationalized in...
  N° 106   03 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/school-size-policies_5jxt472ddkjl-en
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School Size Policies
Macarena Ares Abalde
Recent demographic, economic and political trends have placed the issue of school size at the heart of school effectiveness and efficiency discussions. The subject of school size is particularly salient in remote and rural areas where the viability of small schools has been questioned. In spite...
  N° 74   03 May 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/school-funding-formulas_5k993xw27cd3-en
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School Funding Formulas
Mihály Fazekas
This study provides a literature review on school funding formulas across OECD countries. It looks at three salient questions from a comparative perspective: i) What kind of school formula funding schemes exist and how are they used, particularly for promoting the needs of socially...
  N° 42   15 Dec 2009 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/school-evaluation_218816547156
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School Evaluation
Violaine Faubert
This paper examines the current academic and policy literatures concerning school evaluation in primary and secondary education within the OECD countries. First, it provides a typology of the existing systems of school evaluation across the OECD. It encompasses the diverse criteria and...
  N° 66   31 Jan 2012 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/school-choice-and-equity_5k9fq23507vc-en
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School Choice and Equity
Pauline Musset
This report discusses the most relevant issues concerning school choice schemes, and how they intertwine with equity considerations, through a literature review and analysis of the effects different types of school choice programmes have on equity. In the last 25 years, more than two-thirds of...
  N° 13   21 Dec 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/school-accountability-autonomy-choice-and-the-level-of-student-achievement_246402531617
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School Accountability, Autonomy, Choice, and the Level of Student Achievement
Ludger Wöbmann, Elke Lüdemann, Gabriela Schütz, Martin R. West
Accountability, autonomy, and choice play a leading role in recent school reforms in many countries. This report provides new evidence on whether students perform better in school systems that have such institutional measures in place. We implement an internationally comparative approach within...
  N° 14   21 Dec 2007 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/school-accountability-autonomy-choice-and-the-equity-of-student-achievement_246374511832
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School Accountability, Autonomy, Choice, and the Equity of Student Achievement
Gabriela Schütz, Martin R. West, Ludger Wöbmann
School systems aspire to provide equal opportunity for all, irrespective of socio-economic status (SES). Much of the criticism of recent school reforms that introduce accountability, autonomy, and choice emphasizes their potentially negative consequences for equity. This report provides new...
  N° 90   29 Mar 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/review-of-the-italian-strategy-for-digital-schools_5k487ntdbr44-en
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Review of the Italian Strategy for Digital Schools
Francesco Avvisati, Sara Hennessy, Robert B. Kozma, Stéphan Vincent-Lancrin
The Italian Ministry of Education launched in 2007 a National Plan for Digital Schools (Piano Nazionale Scuola Digitale) to mainstream Information Communication Technology (ICT) in Italian classrooms and use technology as a catalyser of innovation in Italian education, hopefully conducing...
  N° 101   17 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/returns-to-skills-around-the-world_5k3tsjqmvtq2-en
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Returns to Skills Around the World
Eric A. Hanushek, Guido Schwerdt, Simon Wiederhold, Ludger Woessmann
Existing estimates of the labor-market returns to human capital give a distorted picture of the role of skills across different economies. International comparisons of earnings analyses rely almost exclusively on school attainment measures of human capital, and evidence incorporating direct...
  N° 134   05 May 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/returns-to-itc-skills_5jlzfl2p5rzq-en
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Returns to ICT Skills
Oliver Falck, Alexandra Heimisch, Simon Wiederhold
How important is mastering information and communication technologies (ICT) in modern labour markets? We present the first evidence on this question, drawing on unique data that provide internationally comparable information on ICT skills in 19 countries from the OECD Programme for the...
  N° 107   19 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/report-on-social-desirability-midpoint-and-extreme-responding-in-talis-2013_5jxswcfwt76h-en
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Report on Social Desirability, Midpoint and Extreme Responding in TALIS 2013
Fons J. R. Van de Vijver, Jia He
This paper investigated the effects of response styles in cross-cultural contexts. The authors used data on social desirability, extreme and midpoint responding, and the scale scores of 17 constructs related to the teaching profession, which were collected from 76,887 teachers in 18 countries...
  N° 113   09 Feb 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/reforming-education-governance-through-local-capacity-building_5js6bhl2mxjg-en
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Reforming Education Governance Through Local Capacity-building
Marius Busemeyer, Janis Vossiek
This report is an assessment of the programme "Lernen vor Ort" [LvO – "Learning Locally"] initiated by the German federal government in order to support the development of local governance structures in education. LvO ran between 2009 and 2014 in about 40 participating local governments, which...
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