OECD Education Working Papers

The Cost and Benefits of Work-based Learning
1993-9019 (online)
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies drawing on the work of the OECD Directorate for Education. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language (English or French) with a short summary available in the other.
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Page: 1 (N° 143) , 2 (N° 93) , 3 (N° 42) | Next
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  N° 143   20 Oct 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-cost-and-benefits-of-work-based-learning_5jlpl4s6g0zv-en
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The Cost and Benefits of Work-based Learning
Samuel Mühlemann
Dual apprenticeship training is increasingly seen as an important educational track that provides youth with the skills necessary for a smooth transition into the labour market. However, providing skills at the workplace rather than at (vocational) school comes at a cost for firms that hire...
  N° 142   11 Oct 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/literacy-and-numeracy-proficiency-in-ials-all-and-piaac_5jlpq7qglx5g-en
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Literacy and Numeracy Proficiency in IALS, ALL and PIAAC
Marco Paccagnella
This paper analyses proficiency in literacy and numeracy in the countries that have participated in the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS, administered between 1994 and 1998), the Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey (ALL, administered between 2003 and 2007) and the Survey of Adult...
  N° 141   05 Oct 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/high-quality-teacher-professional-development-and-classroom-teaching-practices_5jlpszw26rvd-en
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High-Quality Teacher Professional Development and Classroom Teaching Practices
Fabian Barrera-Pedemonte
This paper examines the contribution of high-quality teacher professional development (TPD) to the strategies teachers report using to improve students’ learning in the classroom. What was taught in this TPD, and how it was delivered to teachers is compared across the 35 educational systems...
  N° 140   05 Oct 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/a-framework-for-the-analysis-of-student-well-being-in-the-pisa-2015-study_5jlpszwghvvb-en
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A Framework for the Analysis of Student Well-Being in the PISA 2015 Study
Francesca Borgonovi, Judit Pál
In 2015, PISA (the Programme for International Student Assessment) asked students to describe their well-being in addition to collecting information on students’ subject-specific skills. This paper provides a comprehensive overview and details the policy relevance of the following five...
  N° 139   07 Sep 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/united-in-diversity-a-complexity-perspective-on-the-role-of-attainment-targets-in-quality-assurance-in-flanders_5jlrb8ftvqs1-en
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United in Diversity: A Complexity Perspective on the Role of Attainment Targets in Quality Assurance in Flanders
Rien Rouw, Marc Fuster, Tracey Burns, Marlon Brandt
This case study explores the role of attainment targets as a means of systemic quality assurance in Flanders (Belgium), an education system whose governance structures and processes are characterised by high decentralisation and the participation of multiple actors. The analysis identifies a...
  N° 138   10 Aug 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/conditions-and-practices-associated-with-teacher-professional-development-and-its-impact-on-instruction-in-talis-2013_5jlss4r0lrg5-en
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Conditions and Practices Associated with Teacher Professional Development and Its Impact on Instruction in TALIS 2013
Darleen Opfer
A key lever for improving teaching is provision of effective professional development. This paper uses TALIS 2013 data to consider personal and school-level factors associated with teacher participation in effective professional development and reports of impact on instruction. Results of the...
  N° 137   07 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/what-makes-a-school-a-learning-organisation_5jlwm62b3bvh-en
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What Makes a School a Learning Organisation?
Marco Kools, Louise Stoll
What are the characteristics of a school as learning organisation? This paper should be seen as an attempt to work towards a common understanding of the school as learning organisation concept that is both solidly founded in the literature and is recognisable to all parties involved, i.e....
  N° 136   24 June 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-neuroscience-of-mathematical-cognition-and-learning_5jlwmn3ntbr7-en
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The Neuroscience of Mathematical Cognition and Learning
Chung Yen Looi, Jacqueline Thompson, Beatrix Krause, Roi Cohen Kadosh
The synergistic potential of cognitive neuroscience and education for efficient learning has attracted considerable interest from the general public, teachers, parents, academics and policymakers alike. This review is aimed at providing 1) an accessible and general overview of the research...
  N° 135   20 May 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/work-train-win-work-based-learning-design-and-management-for-productivity_5jlz6rbns1g1-en
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Work, train, win: work-based learning design and management for productivity gains
Viktoria Kis
Realising the potential of work-based learning schemes as a driver of productivity requires careful design and support. The length of work-based learning schemes should be adapted to the profile of productivity gains. A scheme that is too long for a given skill set might be unattractive for...
  N° 134   05 May 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/returns-to-itc-skills_5jlzfl2p5rzq-en
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Returns to ICT Skills
Oliver Falck, Alexandra Heimisch, Simon Wiederhold
How important is mastering information and communication technologies (ICT) in modern labour markets? We present the first evidence on this question, drawing on unique data that provide internationally comparable information on ICT skills in 19 countries from the OECD Programme for the...
  N° 133   05 May 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/test-taking-engagement-in-piaac_5jlzfl6fhxs2-en
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Test-taking engagement in PIAAC
Frank Goldhammer, Thomas Martens, Gabriela Christoph, Oliver Lüdtke
In this study, we investigated how empirical indicators of test-taking engagement can be defined, empirically validated, and used to describe group differences in the context of the Programme of International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC). The approach was to distinguish between...
  N° 132   22 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/age-ageing-and-skills_5jm0q1n38lvc-en
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Age, Ageing and Skills
Marco Paccagnella
This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the link between age and proficiency in information-processing skills, based on information drawn from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). The data reveal significant age-related differences in proficiencies, strongly suggesting that proficiency...
  N° 131   14 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/adults-with-low-proficiency-in-literacy-or-numeracy_5jm0v44bnmnx-en
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Adults with Low Proficiency in Literacy or Numeracy
Anke Grotlüschen, David Mallows, Stephen Reder, John Sabatini
This paper offers a comprehensive analysis of the information from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) regarding adults with low literacy and numeracy proficiency. The paper first describes the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of these populations. Although, they are more likely...
  N° 130   18 Mar 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/how-teachers-teach-and-students-learn_5jm29kpt0xxx-en
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How teachers teach and students learn
Alfonso Echazarra, Daniel Salinas, Ildefonso Méndez, Vanessa Denis, Giannina Rech
This paper examines how particular teaching and learning strategies are related to student performance on specific PISA test questions, particularly mathematics questions. The report compares teacher-directed instruction and memorisation learning strategies, at the traditional ends of the...
  N° 129   21 Mar 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-impact-of-literacy-numeracy-and-computer-skills-on-earnings-and-employment-outcomes_5jm2cv4t4gzs-en
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The Impact of Literacy, Numeracy and Computer Skills on Earnings and Employment Outcomes
Marguerita Lane, Gavan Conlon
Using the 2012 PIAAC data, our analysis confirms that there are significantly higher earnings and employment returns to both increasing levels of formally recognised education, and to increasing levels of numeracy, literacy and Information and communication technologies (ICT) skills...
  N° 128   10 Feb 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/budgeting-and-accounting-in-oecd-education-systems_5jm3xgsz03kh-en
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Budgeting and Accounting in OECD Education Systems
Tala Fakharzadeh
Recent demographic, economic and political trends have drawn attention to the issue of effectiveness and efficiency in the use of resources in the education sector. In the context of the renewed interest for the optimisation of resource use, this paper attempts to review the literature on...
  N° 127   06 Feb 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/student-learning-time_5jm409kqqkjh-en
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Student Learning Time
Anna Gromada, Claire Shewbridge
This paper examines student learning time as a key educational resource. It presents an overview of how different OECD countries allocate instruction time. It also develops a model to understand the effective use of allocated instruction time and examines how different OECD countries compare on...
  N° 126   12 Jan 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/pisa-for-development-technical-strand-a_5jm5fb3f85s0-en
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PISA For Development Technical Strand A
Ray Adams, John Cresswell
The OECD is planning to enhance existing PISA assessment instruments in reading, mathematics and science so that they will be more suitable to the context of developing countries. The main purpose of this paper is to identify the main technical issues associated with this aim. The paper reports...
  N° 125   24 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/learning-support-staff_5jrnzm39w45l-en
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Learning support staff
Francesc Masdeu Navarro
With learning support staff an increasing part of the school workforce that is assuming more and more teaching related responsibilities, attention has grown as to how their skills and practices can have the greatest impact on students. "Learning support staff" are defined as those school staff...
  N° 124   07 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/data-comparability-in-the-teaching-and-learning-international-survey-talis-2008-and-2013_5jrp6fwtmhf2-en
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Data comparability in the teaching and learning international survey (TALIS) 2008 and 2013
Jia He, Katarzyna Kubacka
This report focuses on data comparability of scale scores in the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS). Valid cross-cultural comparisons of TALIS data are vital in providing input for evidence-based policy making and in promoting the equity and effectiveness of teacher policies....
  N° 123   13 July 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/adults-with-low-literacy-and-numeracy-skills_5jrxnjdd3r5k-en
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Adults with low literacy and numeracy skills
Hendrickje Catriona Windisch
Identifying effective policy interventions for adults with low literacy and numeracy skills has become increasingly important. The PIAAC Survey of Adult Skills has revealed that a considerable number of adults in OECD countries possess only limited literacy and numeracy skills, and governments...
  N° 122   03 July 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/evaluative-thinking-for-successful-educational-innovation_5jrxtk1jtdwf-en
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Evaluative thinking for successful educational innovation
Lorna Earl, Helen Timperley
In this working paper, Earl and Timperley argue that evaluative thinking is a necessary component of successful innovation and involves more than measurement and quantification. Combining evaluation with innovation requires discipline in the innovation and flexibility in the evaluation. The...
  N° 121   10 June 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/fostering-social-and-emotional-skills-through-families-schools-and-communities_5js07529lwf0-en
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Fostering social and emotional skills through families, schools and communities
Hiroko Ikesako, Koji Miyamoto
Social and emotional skills, such as perseverance, sociability and self-esteem, help individuals face the challenges of the 21st century and benefit from the opportunities it brings. Policy makers, teachers and parents can help foster these skills by improving the learning environments in which...
  N° 120   27 May 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/pisa-for-development-technical-strand-c_5js0bsln9mg2-en
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PISA for development technical strand c
Roy Carr-Hill
The success of PISA since its first survey administration in 2000 has attracted an ever increasing number of participating countries. With an increasingly diverse group of countries, the targeting of the original assessment may be less appropriate than when it was first conceived for a smaller...
  N° 119   21 May 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-educational-roots-of-trust_5js1kv85dfvd-en
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The educational roots of trust
Francesca Borgonovi, Tracey Burns
Trust is important for social and economic well-being, for enhancing social cohesion and strengthening resilience, and for maintaining security and order in our societies. Trust is the foundation upon which social capital is built and it also is intimately related to human capital. This work...
  N° 118   06 May 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/towards-the-development-of-contextual-questionnaires-for-the-pisa-for-development-study_5js1kv8crsjf-en
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Towards the development of contextual questionnaires for the PISA for development study
J. Douglas Willms, Lucia Tramonte
The aim of this paper is to describe the technical issues to be addressed in enhancing the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) contextual questionnaires instruments for the PISA for Development (PfD) study. We discuss the conceptual framework for the contextual questionnaires...
  N° 117   05 May 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-efficiency-of-secondary-schools-in-an-international-perspective_5js1t53mrdf0-en
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The Efficiency of Secondary Schools in an International Perspective
Tommaso Agasisti, Pablo Zoido
As governments around the world struggle with doing more with less, efficiency analysis climbs to the top of the policy agenda. This paper derives efficiency measures for more than 8,600 schools in 30 countries, using PISA 2012 data and a bootstrap version of Data Envelopment Analysis as a...
  N° 116   21 Apr 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/supporting-teachers-and-schools-to-promote-positive-student-behaviour-in-england-and-ontario-canada_5js333qmrqzq-en
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Supporting teachers and schools to promote positive student behaviour in England and Ontario (Canada)
Gabriela Moriconi, Julie Bélanger
This paper presents the findings based on case studies of the educational systems of England and of the Canadian province of Ontario, as part of a research project funded by the Thomas J. Alexander Fellowship Programme.1 This research project aims to provide inputs to policymakers and school...
  N° 115   30 Mar 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/examining-school-context-and-its-influence-on-teachers_5js3f5fgkns4-en
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Examining school context and its influence on teachers
Bruce Austin, Olusola O. Adesope, Brian F. French, Chad Gotch, Julie Bélanger, Katarzyna Kubacka
The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has linked data from the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) of teachers of 15-year-old students with school-level data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), a survey of 15-year-old...
  N° 114   27 Feb 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/skills-and-wage-inequality_5js4xfgl4ks0-en
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Skills and Wage Inequality
Marco Paccagnella
This paper exploits data from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) to shed light on the link between measured cognitive skills (proficiency), (formal) educational attainment and labour market outcomes. After presenting descriptive statistics on the degree of dispersion in the distributions of...
  N° 113   09 Feb 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/reforming-education-governance-through-local-capacity-building_5js6bhl2mxjg-en
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Reforming Education Governance Through Local Capacity-building
Marius Busemeyer, Janis Vossiek
This report is an assessment of the programme "Lernen vor Ort" [LvO – "Learning Locally"] initiated by the German federal government in order to support the development of local governance structures in education. LvO ran between 2009 and 2014 in about 40 participating local governments, which...
  N° 112   30 Jan 2015 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/student-behaviour-and-use-of-class-time-in-brazil-chile-and-mexico_5js6bhlchwmt-en
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Student Behaviour and Use of Class Time in Brazil, Chile and Mexico
Gabriela Moriconi, Julie Bélanger
Teachers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico report having high percentages of students with behavioural problems in their classes. Especially in Brazil, teachers report spending large amounts of time keeping order in the classroom. Besides potentially significantly reducing instructional time and...
  N° 111   01 Dec 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/implementation-of-a-new-school-supervision-system-in-poland_5jxrlxrxgc6b-en
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Implementation of a New School Supervision System in Poland
Grzegorz Mazurkiewicz, Bartłomiej Walczak, Marcin Jewdokimow
This case study explores the strategies, processes and outcomes of an education reform in Poland which was introduced in 2009 and substantively changed the school inspection system. Its analysis looks in particular at the co-operation between the central and the local level throughout the...
  N° 110   25 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/fostering-and-measuring-skills_5jxsr7vr78f7-en
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Fostering and Measuring Skills
Tim Kautz, James J. Heckman, Ron Diris, Bas ter Weel, Lex Borghans
IQ tests and achievement tests do not capture non-cognitive skills — personality traits, goals, character and motivations that are valued in the labour market, in school and elsewhere. For many outcomes, their predictive power rivals or exceeds that of cognitive skills. Skills are stable across...
  N° 109   17 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/steering-from-the-centre-new-modes-of-governance-in-multi-level-education-systems_5jxswcfs4s5g-en
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Steering from the Centre: New Modes of Governance in Multi-level Education Systems
Harald Wilkoszewski, Eli Sundby
The governance of complex, decentralised, multi-level education systems poses two fundamental questions for both policy- and research discussions: What are innovative contemporary governance strategies for the central level in education systems? How can these approaches be described and...
  N° 108   19 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/trust-what-it-is-and-why-it-matters-for-governance-and-education_5jxswcg0t6wl-en
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Trust: What it is and Why it Matters for Governance and Education
Lucie Cerna
Trust is indispensable for social and economic relations; it is the glue that holds organisations together and appears to work somehow mysteriously. Overall, trust is a ubiquitous ingredient in policymaking and implementation across many governance systems including education, whether it...
  N° 107   19 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/report-on-social-desirability-midpoint-and-extreme-responding-in-talis-2013_5jxswcfwt76h-en
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Report on Social Desirability, Midpoint and Extreme Responding in TALIS 2013
Fons J. R. Van de Vijver, Jia He
This paper investigated the effects of response styles in cross-cultural contexts. The authors used data on social desirability, extreme and midpoint responding, and the scale scores of 17 constructs related to the teaching profession, which were collected from 76,887 teachers in 18 countries...
  N° 106   03 Nov 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/school-size-policies_5jxt472ddkjl-en
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School Size Policies
Macarena Ares Abalde
Recent demographic, economic and political trends have placed the issue of school size at the heart of school effectiveness and efficiency discussions. The subject of school size is particularly salient in remote and rural areas where the viability of small schools has been questioned. In spite...
  N° 105   17 Oct 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/how-closely-is-the-distribution-of-skills-related-to-countries-overall-level-of-social-inequality-and-economic-prosperity_5jxvd5rk3tnx-en
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How Closely is the Distribution of Skills Related to Countries' Overall Level of Social Inequality and Economic Prosperity?
Dirk Van Damme
A country’s level of human capital – the knowledge and skills in the population – has a strong bearing on its economic potential for growth and prosperity. On the other hand, its level of social inequality might prevent prosperity to be shared in equitable ways across the population. This...
  N° 104   23 July 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/shifting-responsibilities-20-years-of-education-devolution-in-sweden_5jz2jg1rqrd7-en
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Shifting Responsibilities - 20 Years of Education Devolution in Sweden
Patrick Blanchenay, Tracey Burns, Florian Köster
This case study examines the consequences of important education decentralisation reforms that took place in Sweden in the early 1990s. The sudden shift away from a traditionally centralised education system towards a decentralised one meant that municipalities had to quickly accommodate new...
  N° 103   17 June 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/evaluating-measurement-invariance-of-talis-2013-complex-scales_5jz2kbbvlb7k-en
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Evaluating Measurement Invariance of TALIS 2013 Complex Scales
Deana Desa
This paper evaluates measurement invariance of complex scales from a social survey using both a continuous approach and a categorical approach to help inform future decisions in choosing the most appropriate methods to perform the validation of complex scales. In particular, continuous...
  N° 102   27 May 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/comparison-of-piaac-and-pisa-frameworks-for-numeracy-and-mathematical-literacy_5jz3wl63cs6f-en
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Comparison of PIAAC and PISA Frameworks for Numeracy and Mathematical Literacy
Iddo Gal, Dave Tout
This paper describes key aspects of the frameworks for the assessment of adult numeracy and mathematical literacy in PIAAC and PISA, which are OECD two flagship programs for international comparative assessment of competencies. The paper examines commonalities and differences in how the...
  N° 101   17 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/returns-to-skills-around-the-world_5k3tsjqmvtq2-en
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Returns to Skills Around the World
Eric A. Hanushek, Guido Schwerdt, Simon Wiederhold, Ludger Woessmann
Existing estimates of the labor-market returns to human capital give a distorted picture of the role of skills across different economies. International comparisons of earnings analyses rely almost exclusively on school attainment measures of human capital, and evidence incorporating direct...
  N° 100   16 Jan 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/promoting-skills-for-innovation-in-higher-education_5k3tsj67l226-en
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Promoting Skills for Innovation in Higher Education
Sabine Hoidn, Kiira Kärkkäinen
Higher education plays an important role in providing people with skills for innovation, but a number of important questions remain as to what kind of higher education teaching can be conducive to the strengthening of skills for innovation. This report aims to shed light on this issue by...
  N° 99   18 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/learning-standards-teaching-standards-and-standards-for-school-principals_5k3tsjqtp90v-en
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Learning Standards, Teaching Standards and Standards for School Principals
Centre of Study for Policies and Practices in Education (CEPPE), Chile
This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies drawing on the work of the OECD Directorate for Education. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language (English or French)...
  N° 98   13 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/coping-with-very-weak-primary-schools-towards-smart-interventions-in-dutch-education-policy_5k3txnpnhld7-en
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Coping with Very Weak Primary Schools: Towards Smart Interventions in Dutch Education Policy
Mark van Twist, Martijn van der Steen, Marieke Kleiboer, Jorren Scherpenisse, Henno Theisens
This case study looks at the effectiveness of policy instruments aimed at reducing the number of underperforming primary schools in a system with a long tradition of school autonomy. It reviews relevant Dutch policy developments in education since 1998 and provides an in-depth analysis of five...
  N° 97   13 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/balancing-trust-and-accountability-the-assessment-for-learning-programme-in-norway_5k3txnpqlsnn-en
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Balancing Trust and Accountability? The Assessment for Learning Programme in Norway
Therese Hopfenbeck, Astrid Tolo, Teresa Florez, Yasmine El Masri
This report explores the development of implementation strategies used to enhance the programme "Assessment for Learning – 2010-2014" in Norwegian schools. Norway’s educational governance is highly decentralised, with 428 municipalities and 19 counties responsible for implementing...
  N° 96   12 Dec 2013 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/the-simple-the-complicated-and-the-complex-educational-reform-through-the-lens-of-complexity-theory_5k3txnpt1lnr-en
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The Simple, the Complicated, and the Complex: Educational Reform Through the Lens of Complexity Theory
Sean Snyder
This paper explores the nature of complexity theory and its applications for educational reform. It briefly explains the history of complexity theory and identifies the key concepts of complex adaptive systems, and then moves on to define the differences between simple, complicated, and...
  N° 95   06 Jan 2014 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/schooling-matters_5k3v0hldmchl-en
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Schooling Matters
William H. Schmidt, Pablo Zoido, Leland Cogan
Many international comparisons of education over the past 50 years have included some measure of students’ opportunity to learn (OTL) in their schooling. Results have typically confirmed the common sense notion that a student’s exposure in school to the assessed concepts, operationalized in...
  N° 94   04 Nov 2013 Click to Access: 
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Learning Study
Eric C.K. Cheng, Mun Ling Lo
Learning Study is a collaborative, action-research approach to improve the effectiveness of student learning by enhancing the professional competence of teachers. This is achieved through the collaborative construction of the pedagogical content knowledge enabling them better to teach...
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