Highlights from Education at a Glance

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation

Frequency :
Annual
ISSN :
2076-264X (online)
ISSN :
2076-2631 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/2076264x
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Highlights from Education at a Glance offers a reader-friendly introduction to the OECD’s collection of internationally comparable data on education. As the name suggests, it is derived from Education at a Glance, the OECD’s flagship compendium of education statistics. However, it differs from that publication in a number of ways, most significantly in its structure, which is made up of five sections that explore the following topics: education levels and student numbers; the economic benefits of education; paying for education;  the school environment; and  TALIS,  OECD's internationally comparative data on conditions of teaching and learning.

In general, this publication uses the same terminology employed in Education at a Glance. However, in one or two places terminology has been simplified. Readers who wish to find out more should consult the Reader’s Guide. Tables and charts in this volume are all accompanied by a dynamic hyperlink, or StatLink, that will direct readers to an Internet site where the corresponding data are available in Excel® format.

Also available in: French
 
Education at a Glance 2012

Education at a Glance 2012

Highlights You or your institution have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
11 Sep 2012
ISBN :
9789264179578 (HTML) ; 9789264179561 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/eag_highlights-2012-en

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Education at a Glance 2012: Highlights summarises the OECD’s flagship compendium of education statistics, Education at a Glance. It provides easily accessible data on key topics in education today, including:

• Education levels and student numbers: How far have adults studied, and how easily do young people enter the world of work?
• Economic and social benefits of education: How does education affect people’s job prospects, and what is its impact on incomes?
• Paying for education: What share of public spending goes on education, and what is the role of private spending? 
• The school environment: How many hours do teachers work, and how does class size vary? 
• Equity: A special section introduces issues relating to equity in education: how important is pre-primary education, how does socio-economic background affect educational performance, how easy is it for older people to access education, and how wide is the gender gap?

Each indicator is presented on a two-page spread. The left-hand page explains the significance of the indicator, discusses the main findings, examines key trends and provides readers with a roadmap for finding out more in the OECD education databases and in other OECD education publications. The right-hand page contains clearly presented charts and tables, accompanied by dynamic hyperlinks (StatLinks) that direct readers to the corresponding data in Excel™ format.

Also available in: French

Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Table of Contents

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    Foreword

    Education at a Glance 2012: Highlights offers a reader-friendly introduction to the OECD’s collection of internationally comparable data on education.

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    Reader's guide

    This section introduces some of the terminology used in this publication, and explains how readers can use the links provided to get further information.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Education Levels and Student Numbers

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      To what level have adults studied?

      On average across OECD countries, 26% of all adults have below upper secondary education, 44% upper secondary education and 30% tertiary education.

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      Who participates in education?

      Virtually everyone in OECD countries has access to at least 13 years of formal education, and the average 5-year old can expect to complete more than 17 years of education by the time they are 40.

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      How many young people finish secondary education?

      Based on current patterns of graduation, it is estimated that an average of 84% of today’s young people in OECD countries will complete upper secondary education over their lifetimes. For G20 countries, the level is 78%.

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      How many young people enter tertiary education?

      This page includes revisions. Details available at: www.oecd.org/publishing/corrigenda.

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      How many young people graduate from tertiary education?

      On average 39% of young people are expected to complete university level education in 27 OECD countries with comparable data.

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      How successful are students in moving from education to work?

      On average across OECD countries, 16% of 15-29 year-olds are neither employed, nor in education or training (NEET); this proportion increased substantially in 2009 and 2010 compared with pre-crisis levels.

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      How many students study abroad and where do they go?

      More than 4.1 million tertiary-level students were enrolled outside their country of citizenship in 2010.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts The Economic and Social Benefits of Education

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      How much more do tertiary graduates earn?

      Earnings tend to rise in line with people’s level of education.

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      How does education affect employment rates?

      In general, people with higher levels of education have better job prospects; the difference is particularly marked between those who have attained upper secondary education and those who have not.

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      What are the incentives for people to invest in education?

      Rewards are typically higher for individuals who attain tertiary education than those with upper secondary education or post-secondary non-tertiary education.

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      What are the incentives for societies to invest in education?

      As with returns to individuals, the benefits to the public purse are higher when people complete tertiary rather than upper secondary education.

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      What are the social benefits of education?

      Adults with higher levels of educational attainment are more likely to live longer, show higher levels of civic engagement and exhibit greater satisfaction with life.

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      How does education affect the economy?

      More than half of the GDP growth in OECD countries over the past decade is related to labour income growth among tertiary-educated individuals.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Paying for Education

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      How much is spent per student?

      OECD countries on average spend USD 9 252 per student each year between primary and tertiary education, although spending levels vary widely among countries.

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      Has spending per student increased?

      Expenditure by educational institutions per student at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary levels increased by more than 36% on average between 2000 and 2009, a period when enrolment levels remained generally static.

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      What share of national wealth is spent on education?

      OECD countries spend 6.2% of their GDP on educational institutions, on average.

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      What share of public spending goes to education?

      Public funding of education is a social priority, accounting for 13% of total public spending, on average in OECD countries.

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      What is the role of private spending?

      Public funding accounts for 84% of all funds for educational institutions, on average in OECD countries.

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      How much do tertiary students pay?

      University students pay more than USD 1 500 in tuition fees for public institutions in their own country in a third of OECD countries; they pay nothing in eight countries.

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      What are education funds spent on?

      Current expenditure accounts for an average of more than 90% of total spending on education, all levels of education combined except pre-primary.

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      How much do teachers cost?

      Salary cost of teacher per student varies significantly between countries. In 2010, the salary cost of teacher per student varied by a ratio of 1 to 14 or 15, depending on the education level.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts The school Environment

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      How long do students spend in the classroom?

      It is expected that students in OECD countries will receive an average of 6 862 hours of instruction between the ages of 7 and 14, of which 6 710 hours are compulsory.

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      How many students are in each classroom?

      This page includes revisions. Details available at: www.oecd.org/publishing/corrigenda.

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      How much are teachers paid?

      Salaries for teachers with at least 15 years of experience average USD 35 630 at the pre-primary level, USD 37 603 at the primary level, USD 39 401 at the lower secondary level and USD 41 182 at the upper secondary level.

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      How much time do teachers spend teaching?

      The number of teaching hours per teacher in public schools averages 782 hours per year in primary education, 704 hours in lower secondary education and 658 hours in upper secondary education.

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      Who are the teachers?

      About 58% of primary teachers and 63% of secondary teachers are at least 40 years old, on average in OECD countries.

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      What is equity in education?

      About a quarter of children in OECD countries miss out on pre-primary education, although it leads to better school performance overall.

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      Access to early childhood education

      Fifteen-year-olds who attended pre-primary education tend to perform better at school.

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      Access to secondary and tertiary education

      National examinations are more prevalent at the upper secondary level than at the primary level. Twenty-three countries have national examinations at the upper secondary level.

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      Access to the labour market

      Women have higher tertiary attainment rates on average across OECD countries, but their employment rates are much lower than those of men.

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      Access to lifelong learning

      More than 40% of adults participate in formal and/or non-formal education in a given year across OECD countries.

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      Does parental education affect students' chances?

      Only one in five students from families with low levels of education attains a tertiary degree. On average across OECD countries, 66% of students with at least one parent with tertiary education graduate from tertiary education.

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      Integrating immigrants' children

      In many countries, the level of reading performance of immigrant students is lower than that of non-immigrant students.

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      Reducing the gender gap

      In almost all countries, girls have more ambitious professional aspirations than boys.

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      Statistical note

      Although a lack of data still limits the scope of the indicators in many countries, the coverage extends, in principle, to the entire national education system (within the national territory) regardless of the ownership or sponsorship of the institutions concerned and regardless of education delivery mechanisms. With one exception described below, all types of students and all age groups are meant to be included: children (including students with special needs), adults, nationals, foreigners, as well as students in open distance learning, in special education programmes or in educational programmes organised by ministries other than the Ministry of Education, provided the main aim of the programme is the educational development of the individual. However, vocational and technical training in the workplace, with the exception of combined school and work-based programmes that are explicitly deemed to be parts of the education system, is not included in the basic education expenditure and enrolment data.

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