Education at a Glance

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation

Frequency :
1999-1487 (online)
1563-051X (print)
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OECD's annual Education at a Glance looks at who participates in education, what is spent on it, how education systems operate and the results achieved. The latter includes indicators on a wide range of outcomes, from comparisons of students’ performance in key subject areas to the impact of education on earnings and on adults’ chances of employment. This book includes StatLinks, urls linking to Excel® spreadsheets containing the background data.

Also available in: French, German, Spanish
Education at a Glance 1998

Education at a Glance 1998

OECD Indicators You do not have access to this content

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation

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Publication Date :
06 Dec 1999
Pages :
9789264174429 (PDF) ; 9789264161276 (print)

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This 1998 edition of Education at a Glance - OECD Indicators provides a richer, more comparable and up-to-date array of indicators than ever before. The indicators represent the consensus of professional thinking on how to measure the current state of education internationally. They provide information on the human and financial resources invested in education, on how education and learning systems operate and evolve, and on the returns to educational investments. The thematic organisation of the volume and the background information accompanying the tables and charts make this publication a valuable resource for anyone interested in analysing education systems across countries.

In addition to reporting on continuing expansion of enrolment, particularly in higher education, the 1998 indicators trace the rapidly growing contribution of households and enterprises to educational resources. There is also a pressure to make tertiary studies more effective and to limit the time spent acquiring qualifications. This edition brings together evidence on passage through higher education, comparing the extent to which those who enrol eventually acquire degrees. It also takes a further step towards reporting internationally comparable data on lifelong learning and its impact on society and the economy.

A significantly larger number of OECD countries are now providing data. This year, through the "World Education Indicators" programme, a wide range of non-member countries have contributed to this edition, extending the coverage of some of the indicators to almost two-thirds of the world population.

Also available in: French

Table of Contents

Key Comparisons and Trends
Reader's Guide
Chapter A: The Demographic, Social, and Economic Context of Education
A1. Education attainment of the adult population
-A2. Intergenerational change in completion of tertiary education
-A3. Literacy skills of the adult populations
-A4. The relative size of the school-age population
-A5. Expected number of years in employment, unemployment, and time outside the labor market
Chapter B: Financial and Human Resources Invested in Education
B1. Educational expenditure relative to Gross Domestic Product
-B2. Government support for education as a share of total public expenditure
-B3. Relative shares of public and private investments
-B4. Educational expenditure per student
-B5. Educational expenditure by resource category
-B6. Public funds by level of government
-B7. Ratio of students to teaching staff
Chapter C: Access to Education, Participation, and Progression
-C1. Overall participation in formal education
-C2. Participation in and completion of secondary education
-C3. Access to and particpation in tertiary education
-C4. Completion of and drop-out from tertiary education
-C5. Participation in continuing education and training by adults
-C6. Students with special needs
Chapter D: The Transition from School to Work
D1. Education and work of the youth population
-D2. Expected years in education, employment, and non-employment between the ages of 15 and 29
-D3. The reasons for youth unemployment
-D4. Youth unemployment and employment by level of educational attainment
Chapter E. The Learning Environment and the Organization of Schools
-E1. Statutory salaries of teachers in public primary and scondary schools
-E2. Age and gender distribution of teachers
-E3. Teaching time
-E4. Total intended instruction time for pupils in lower secondary education
-E5. Locus of decision-making in lower secondary education
-E6. Computers in schools and their use
Chapter F: Student Achievement andthe Social and Labour Market Outcomes of Education
-F1. Mathematics achievement of students in 4th and 8th grades
-F2. Change in variation in mathematics achievement as students progress from the 4th to the 8th grade
-F3. Variation of student achievement associated with student and school levels in the 8th grade
-F4. Socio-economic background and student achievement in the 4th grade
-F5. Labour-force activity of persons leaving education
-F7. Earnings and educational attainment
-F8. Private, fiscal, and social rates of return to education at the university level
Annex 1. Average duration and typical ages
Annex 2. Basic reference statistics
Annex 3. Sources, methods, and technical notes