OECD Education Working Papers

ISSN :
1993-9019 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/19939019
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This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies drawing on the work of the OECD Directorate for Education. Authorship is usually collective, but principal writers are named. The papers are generally available only in their original language (English or French) with a short summary available in the other.
 

Bringing About Curriculum Innovations

Implicit Approaches in the OECD Area You or your institution have access to this content

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Author(s):
Kiira Kärkkäinen1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OECD, France

Publication Date
17 Aug 2012
Bibliographic information
No.:
82
Pages
66
DOI
10.1787/5k95qw8xzl8s-en

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Different implicit approaches to promoting innovation in education can be explored through the decision making of curriculum – reflecting what is taught to students and how the students are taught. Are innovations in curriculum expected to derive from centrally driven processes? Or has much room been left for those innovations within schools? What kind of role may be played by different stakeholders such as experts, teachers or parents in curriculum innovation? This paper discusses various innovation rationales for the central and school-based approaches to curriculum decision making and provides an overview of OECD education systems in this continuum. In addition to formal decision making, various structural factors that may have an effect on those decisions are analysed and the ways the different stakeholders can influence curriculum innovations discussed. The paper combines various OECD and UNESCO data with a focus on public lower-secondary education.