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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.
The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.
Regulatory Reforms to Unlock Long–Term Growth in Turkey
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- Rauf Gönenç1, Łukasz Rawdanowicz1
- Author Affiliations
- 1: OECD, France
- 06 Dec 2010
- Bibliographic information
In the 2000s, Turkey has enjoyed rapid catching–up. This was possible despite the adverse business environment, as the semi–formal and informal economy had a significant contribution to the expansion of the private sector. Productivity growth was strong, but labour utilisation remained very low. Looking forward, higher employment and productivity growth will not be possible without profound regulatory reforms of minimum wages, severance payments, social security contributions and flexible job contracts. These reforms have been discussed for a long time, but political obstacles prevented implementing them. Resolving this deadlock calls for advancing an integrated strategy of labour reforms and formalisation via experimenting with new regulation on the voluntary basis to identify the most successful solutions that can be later rolled out to the whole economy. Moreover, Turkey has to ease further anti–competitive product market regulations by reducing barriers to entrepreneurship and foreign direct investment, and by limiting government involvement in business. A successful implementation of these reforms would allow Turkey to enjoy golden decades. This paper relates to the 2010 OECD Economic Review of Turkey (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/turkey).
- growth, reforms, labour market, Turkey, product markets, regulation, political economy
- JEL Classification:
- D7: Microeconomics / Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
- J2: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demand and Supply of Labor
- J3: Labor and Demographic Economics / Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
- J4: Labor and Demographic Economics / Particular Labor Markets
- L5: Industrial Organization / Regulation and Industrial Policy
- O4: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
- P5: Economic Systems / Comparative Economic Systems