Prices

English
DOI: 
10.1787/54a3bf57-en
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Prices cover the consumer price index (inflation) and its forecast, the producer price index, the price level index and share prices. Consumer price indices measure changes in average retail prices of a fixed basket of goods and services representing household consumption, whereas producer price indices measure average movements of prices received by the producers of various commodities; these are often seen as advanced indicators of price changes throughout the economy. Comparative price levels measure the differences in the general price levels of countries; they are dependent on exchange rates and should be treated with caution. Share price indices are calculated from the prices of common shares of companies traded on national or foreign stock exchanges.

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Keywords:  inflation, price level, prices, producer, cpi, ppi, share prices, forecast
 

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  • Inflation (CPI)

    Inflation measured by consumer price index (CPI) is defined as the change in the prices of a basket of goods and services that are typically purchased by specific groups of households.
  • Inflation forecast

    Inflation forecast, measured in terms of the consumer price index (CPI) or harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP) is defined as the projected change in the prices of a basket of goods and services that are typically purchased by households.
  • Producer price indices (PPI)

    Producer price indices measure the rate of change in prices of products sold as they leave the producer. They exclude any taxes, transport and trade margins that the purchaser may have to pay.
  • Price level indices

    Price level indices are the ratios of purchasing power parities to market exchange rates.
  • Share prices

    Share price indices are calculated from the prices of common shares of companies traded on national or foreign stock exchanges.
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