OECD Papers

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OECD Papers provides access to a collection of substantive papers not published as books or articles in other OECD series or journals. All subjects are covered, from the latest OECD research on macroeconomics and economic policies, to work in areas as varied as employment, education, environment, trade, science and technology, development and taxation. OECD Papers are available on a subscription basis. Now a part of the OECD Journal

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Volume 6, Issue 12 You do not have access to this content

Publication Date :
23 Aug 2007

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  23 Aug 2007 Click to Access:  Promoting Entrepreneurship in South East Europe
This publication provides an overview of the key issues and policy challenges surrounding entrepreneurship and SME development with particular reference to South East European (SEE) countries, focusing on five main areas: (i) financing entrepreneurship; (ii) SME internationalisation; (iii) SME innovation, (iv) the role of culture, attitudes and skills in entrepreneurship; and, (v) youth entrepreneurship. It should be acknowledged that these issues are not unique to SEE countries; they are challenges that all countries confront as they seek to stimulate and facilitate entrepreneurship. For this reason this publication should have resonance for all countries which seek to improve entrepreneurial activity.
  23 Aug 2007 Click to Access:  Reshaping a Local Economy through a Development Agency
This study of Laganside Corporation draws out valuable lessons for existing agencies, cities, regions and national governments. It offers practical guidance on how to use key tools and concepts of local development to foster economic growth and social cohesion. Although a „top down‟ model, Laganside Corporation pursued an approach which engaged stakeholders from all sectors and provides valuable insights into effective community engagement and working with public and private sectors. The study analyses the approach taken by Laganside Corporation and its international counterparts on a broad range of tools for local development.
  23 Aug 2007 Click to Access:  Full Employment Strategies for Cities

There is growing recognition throughout the OECD of the need to link economic development and employment policies at the level of the individual city if the twin objectives of raising competitiveness and reducing worklessness are to be met. The challenge is particularly clear in the UK, where the employment rate of the working age population in the major cities has lagged consistently behind the relatively strong performance of the nation as a whole (HM Treasury, 2007). The Government has recognised that raising the UK employment rate towards its ambitious 80%national target will  require special  efforts to tackle unemployment and economic inactivity in the cities (Department of Work and Pensions, 2006). This is an important departure from the traditional  emphasis on national  labour market policies and standardised welfare to work programmes that pay little regard to geographical variations in socio-economic conditions.

One of the issues arising is the appropriate balance between measures to stimulate labour demand and create  jobs, on the one hand, and measures to strengthen  labour  supply by improving people’s skills, employability and motivation, on  the  other.  There is also an issue about how to connect employment opportunities to people in need of work but who face multiple disadvantages and barriers to employment, such as poor transport access and lack of childcare. Another issue relates to the amount of decentralisation and local control of the policy levers that government should encourage, and what form this should take.  

The purpose of this paper is to address these important questions by  focusing on the labour market context and policy situation in Glasgow.

  23 Aug 2007 Click to Access:  Sustainable Development Finance for Cities and Regions
Becoming a successful city involves achieving a high investment/high return equilibrium, just as much as it does for the most successful businesses. Success in the open knowledge driven global economy requires places to be truly distinctive, appealing and productive. Just as firms must innovate and invest to succeed, cities have to adjust, reinvent, and differentiate themselves. They have to change the old patterns of land and resource use, and connect assets with opportunities in new ways and over new spaces. They must modernise infrastructure and build up human capital. This can have positive impacts on entrepreneurship, innovation, skills, and other factors of growth. But this involves adjustment costs, in the form of investment to re-engineer the city for the new economic functions and flows that it must facilitate. It can take 30-50 years of re-investment to fully recalibrate a city from the industrial mode to the knowledge mode...
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