12 Aug 2005
2004 Overview of Donor and Agency Policies in Trade-related Technical Assistance and Capacity Building
The survey submissions indicate that bilateral donors and multilateral agencies have become much more active in TRTA/CB over the last few years, particularly since the 2001 WTO Doha Ministerial Conference. This increased activity is not only reflected in increased funding for TRTA/CB, but also in the number of donors/ agencies with explicit strategies and programming guidelines for TRTA/CB; enhanced awareness among donors of the importance of TRTA/CB for development and poverty reduction; and the strengthened, and sometimes institutionalised, dialogue between development and trade practitioners. In addition, several donors and agencies have recently embarked on ambitious reviews of their own bilateral TRTA/CB programmes and/or their participation in multilateral programmes, in order to assess the effectiveness of their TRTA/CB activities.
12 Aug 2005
Environmental Enforcement in the Kyrgyz Republic
The Ministry of Ecology and Emergency Situations (MEES) of the Kyrgyz Republic approached the OECD/EAP Task Force Secretariat with the request to assess the national system of environmental compliance assurance in light of good international practice and identify priority actions for its reform. In response to this request, which was also voiced during the 2003 REPIN meeting, the Network members supported the Kyrgyz Republic’s initiative to be the first country to test the Peer Review Scheme.
A peer review involves a systematic examination and assessment of the performance of a state by other states, with the ultimate goal of helping the reviewed country adopt best practices and comply with established standards and principles. The peer review mechanism is free of any threat of non-compliance sanctions arising from the findings of the review: its impact relies on the influence and persuasion exercised by "peers" (equal partners in the review process). The review serves the following purposes:
• To provide international peer support for institutional reform of enforcement authorities; • To enhance their transparency, accountability, and visibility, at national and international level; • To extend opportunities for inter-government policy dialogue and support capacity building.
12 Aug 2005
Analytical Framework for Evaluating the Costs and Benefits of Extended Producer Responsibility Programmes
Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is an environmental policy approach under which the responsibility of producers for their products is extended to include the social costs of waste management, including the environmental impact of waste disposal. This paper sets out a framework for assessing the costs and benefits of EPR. As compared with "conventional" waste management EPR involves the collection of particular end-of-life products, product categories or waste streams. In some cases these wastes would traditionally be handled appropriately through municipal waste management programs. Packaging would be one example. In other cases they might be handled, or might need to be handled, as special wastes which would be inappropriate for a municipal waste management programme. Solvents, scrap tires, used crankcase oil, lead acid batteries and electronics fit into this category. To evaluate the costs and benefit ratio for EPR programmes, the costs of these features need to be weighed against the benefits in terms of the reduced social costs of waste management, including the various externalities associated with landfilling or incineration and the environmental risks associated with "doing nothing" by maintaining existing practices.
12 Aug 2005
OECD-China Seminar on Environmental Indicators
The OECD-China Seminar on Environmental Indicators reviewed experience with the design and
implementation of cost-effective environmental indicator systems in China and in OECD countries, and discussed the strategic needs for modernising existing environmental information systems. It followed on a first OECD-China seminar on environmental monitoring (Beijing, April 1999), and contributed to the OECD project on governance in China carried out in 2004 and 2005.