OECD Papers

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OECD Papers provides access to a collection of substantive papers not published as books or articles in other OECD series or journals. All subjects are covered, from the latest OECD research on macroeconomics and economic policies, to work in areas as varied as employment, education, environment, trade, science and technology, development and taxation. OECD Papers are available on a subscription basis. Now a part of the OECD Journal

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Volume 5, Issue 1 You do not have access to this content

Publication Date :
30 Mar 2005

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  30 Mar 2005 Click to Access:  Leveraging Telecommunications Policies for Pro-Poor Growth
This paper discusses the topic of Universal Access -- specifically Universal Access to telecommunications in rural areas of developing countries -- from the policy perspectives of telecommunication policy reform and of complementary Universal Access public subsidy mechanisms. Starting with broad lessons learned on competition in telecommunications, the report will narrow in onto the specific mechanism of minimum-subsidy auctions for Universal Access to telecommunications.
First of all, how does competition in telecommunications affect Universal Access/Service? What roles does competition play on technological innovations such as Internet or mobile? And what regulatory safeguards have been or are necessary to enable competition and to promote Universal Access/Service?
We will first analyse the experiences of OECD countries that started reforming their telecommunication markets early on, to gather insight into the process and impact of telecommunication reform. We will also review complementary mechanisms that OECD countries have set up to subsidise Universal Access in the areas unlikely to be covered by market forces alone. 
We will then review some regulatory measures that can help to provide Universal Access to the rural areas of developing countries without subsidies, and we will discuss some cost-effective ways for developing countries to provide incentives to markets to expand telecommunication infrastructure to poor rural areas, before making use of subsidies...
  30 Mar 2005 Click to Access:  The Contribution of ICTs to Pro-Poor Growth
Poverty is widely recognised as multidimensional, encompassing food security, health, education, rights, security and dignity, amongst others.   Whilst its resolution should also be multidimensional, in this paper we focus on one of the key factors – economic growth, and pro-poor economic growth in particular.  The associated paper "The Contribution of ICTs to Achieving the MDGs" discusses the broader dimensions of poverty.  This paper is intended to stimulate discussion regarding the potential contribution that ICTs have to make towards pro-poor growth...
  30 Mar 2005 Click to Access:  The Contribution of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to Achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
The link between ICTs and MDGs is currently a key subject for debate.  This paper has drawn on a number of recent works including OECD/DAC (2004), GICT (2003), plans of UNICT Task force, among others. Many agencies are now focusing attention on the linkages between investment in ICTs and fulfilling the MDGs, and after many years of pilot projects the focus of ICT interventions seems to be in mainstreaming strategies.   Given the number of recent papers, what is distinctive about this paper?  This paper seeks to draw out the key messages from recent work, with due regard to the degree of confidence we have in those messages, and provide a challenging basis for discussion among donors on how best to take this work forward in an effective and co-ordinated way...
  30 Mar 2005 Click to Access:  Role of Infrastructure in Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction
As Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) are the driving force behind the overall development strategy of many developing countries, it is essential to consider the role of infrastructure in this important poverty reduction process. This document is, therefore, presented to contribute to the discussion on infrastructure and pro-poor growth of this second workshop. Participants are invited to provide comments in preparation for the third workshop. Furthermore, this document aims at facilitating discussion among donors to improve their inputs to the ongoing PRSP revision process by providing an overview of the role of infrastructure for economic growth and poverty reduction.
The present document summarises the findings of a background research paper that analyses the role of infrastructure in the PRSPs of 33 countries that completed their report as of 1 December, 2003.  The background paper offers a stocktaking of the contribution of infrastructure interventions to poverty reduction and pro-poor growth in each of these PRSPs (see Annex 1 for the summary findings of the PRSP review by country).
The present document has two main sections: the role of infrastructure in economic growth and poverty reduction in PRSPs (see section II) and enhancing effectiveness of aid to infrastructure development (see section III)...
  30 Mar 2005 Click to Access:  ICTs for Development
As a follow-up to the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Geneva 2003 and lead-up to WSIS Tunis 2005, the UN Secretary General asked UNDP to facilitate the work of the Task Force on Financial Mechanisms for ICTD (TFFM). According to the WSIS Plan of Action, the TFFM is to undertake a thorough review of the "adequacy of the existing financial mechanisms" in meeting the challenges of "information and communication technologies for development" (ICT4D).
In this regard, UNDP asked the DAC to produce an analytical report on DAC Members’ financing ICT4D activities which would build on our existing work "Donor ICT Strategies Matrix"...
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