OECD Journal: General Papers

OECD Papers
  |   Documents de l'OCDE
Frequency :
1995-283X (online)
1995-2821 (print)
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OECD Journal: General Papers presents a collection of articles on a range of subjects, from the latest OECD research on macroeconomics and economic policies, to work in areas as varied as employment, education, environment, trade, science and technology, development and taxation.  Published as part of the OECD Journal package.


Volume 2010, Issue 1 You do not have access to this content

Publication Date :
25 May 2011

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  25 May 2011 Click to Access:  A wealth of diversity
Eckhard Deutscher
2010 was a landmark year for the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) in many ways. It marked 50 years since the DAC was founded, it was the year Eckhard Deutscher handed over the Chair to Brian Atwood, and it marked the coming of age of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. In this article, the out-going DAC Chair reflects on the lessons of the past and concludes that despite the many changes and new challenges, development co-operation is as relevant today as ever. He sets three key priorities for the DAC and its members as they embark on the next 50 years. These are to stay true to the commitments made to increase aid volumes, continue to be guided by the principles of effective aid in an increasingly complex context, and reach out to all providers of development co-operation in the effort to create an effective global development partnership.
  25 May 2011 Click to Access:  The Paris Declaration
Brenda Killen
In 2005, almost all DAC donor countries and over 60 developing countries endorsed the Paris Declaration, a comprehensive attempt to change the way donor and developing countries do business together. The declaration was based on five principles: alignment, ownership, harmonisation, managing for results and mutual accountability. This article looks at each of these principles in turn and explores how they are being applied for the better by donors and partner countries alike. It takes examples from across the globe – from the Pacific to Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America – to show that the Paris Declaration has significantly changed attitudes to development co-operation and relationships between donor and partner country. This has been achieved through generating fairer and more inclusive global development partnerships, introducing a monitoring system to track progress in achieving commitments and establishing the foundations for greater accountability.
  25 May 2011 Click to Access:  Making the most of the international aid system
Emily Bosch
This article outlines how the global development set-up looks today. The picture is of a complex "ecosystem", with many different types of organisations delivering assistance in a variety of different forms. This complexity presents both opportunities and threats to the developing countries on the receiving end. Without some oversight and guidance, the system could become burdensome and inefficient. The article describes how the DAC is in a unique position to keep track of the trends and to help to bring harmony to the system. It describes these issues in relation to the more than 200 "multilateral donors" – such as the United Nations, the World Bank and the global funds – which today receive or serve as a channel for 40% of all aid. The challenge is to ensure this is being delivered effectively and that efforts are as co-ordinated as possible, both with each other and with the priorities of the developing countries in which they work. As an example, the latest global plans to tackle climate change are a test case for the development community: the article explores how this can be done without increasing the complexity further.
  25 May 2011 Click to Access:  New partnerships in development co-operation
Felix Zimmermann, Kimberly Smith
Alongside the member countries of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), many other countries provide assistance to developing nations. These can be grouped into three categories: emerging donors, providers of South-South co-operation and Arab donors. Together, they accounted for USD 11.8 billion of global development co-operation in 2009, which is roughly 8% of total aid flows. Their own development achievements and different approaches to development co-operation make them an important force in the global effort to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. The DAC is seizing on its new opportunities for international partnerships for development. In opening its doors, it embraces diverse approaches and experiences in development co-operation. It also welcomes global dialogue on how to make international development co-operation as effective as possible.
  25 May 2011 Click to Access:  Triangular co-operation and aid effectiveness
Talita Yamashiro Fordelone
Can triangular co-operation make aid more effective? Judging by recent international declarations, governments think it can. The underlying assumption is that better results are achieved when Southern partners and "traditional" donors (i.e. those that gather in the OECD Development Assistance Committee) join forces through triangular co-operation. This article addresses what triangular co-operation is, which countries are involved in it and why; examines the claimed benefits of triangular co-operation vis-à-vis bilateral forms of co-operation; identifies some challenges in rendering triangular co-operation an effective mode of development co-operation; and provides recommendations on how these challenges can be met.
  25 May 2011 Click to Access:  Tax and good governance
Ben Dickinson
Taxation is fundamental to sustainable development. The ability to raise revenue and manage public expenditure is of core importance to every state. However, taxation plays another crucial role which has been often overlooked or underestimated in the past: as a catalyst for more responsive and accountable governments. This article explains why international taxation is a "missing link" in the development-statebuilding process and offers an important route for building effective and self-supporting states. It explores the challenges for developing countries with regard to international taxation and how future work proposed by the OECD will address these challenges. The article concludes with an assessment of what more the international community can do to better target aid towards building the capacity of developing countries’ tax administrations.
  25 May 2011 Click to Access:  Mapping innovative finance for development mechanisms
Elisabeth Sandor
This article aims to offer an OECD benchmark for regular monitoring and assessment of innovative financing for development (IFD), focusing on the relation of IFD with official development assistance (ODA) and aid effectiveness. This article looks at IFD from the perspective of both policy makers and investors from the public sector who are acting in the wider public interest. It presents coherent, compact and comparable information about various mechanisms that allows them to generate and mobilise new resources for development so that they can leverage other resources through the "catalytic" use of their own funding powers. To do so, this article includes an extensive mapping table that covers a range of IFD mechanisms.
  25 May 2011 Click to Access:  Improving conflict prevention and peacebuilding assistance through evaluation
Megan Grace Kennedy-Chouane
Evaluation and peacebuilding experts have been working together to encourage more and better evaluation of conflict prevention and peacebuilding programmes. Draft guidance has been produced and used over a two-year test phase to evaluate donor support for peacebuilding in southern Sudan, Sri Lanka, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti and elsewhere. This article looks at what has been learned from these experiences in terms of both policy lessons and how evaluation can be managed and carried out in these challenging settings. This series of evaluations has shown that progress is needed on a number of fronts – institutional, political, managerial etc. – to make development co-operation more effective in conflict affected and fragile states.
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