OECD Factbook 2015-2016
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OECD Factbook 2015-2016

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 is a comprehensive and dynamic statistical publication from the OECD. Close to 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: economy, education, energy, transportation, environment, development, health, industry, information and communications, population, employment and labour, trade and investment, taxation, public expenditure and R&D. This year, the OECD Factbook includes new indicators on a number of regional indicators including GDP by metropolitan area.

Data are provided for all OECD countries, including the OECD aggregate, euro area, European Union, and where data are available, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia, and South Africa.

For each indicator, there is a two-page spread. A text page includes a short introduction followed by a detailed definition of the indicator, comments on comparability of the data, an assessment of long-term trends related to the indicator, and a list of references for further information on the indicator. The second page contains a table and a graph providing – at a glance – the key message conveyed by the data. Each indicator includes StatLinks which allow readers to download the corresponding data.

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 is a key reference tool for users working on economic and policy issues.

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From chapter Social expenditure
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Public, private and total net social expenditure

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OECD Factbook 2015-2016 - ISBN 9789264251113 - © OECD 2016

Public, private and total net social expenditure
As a percentage of GDP
‌‌
Public expenditure
Private expenditure
Total net
expenditure
1990
2000
2009
2010
2011
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
1990
2000
2010
2011
2011
Australia
13.1
 
17.2
 
17.4
 
17.2
 
17.8
 
18.3
 
19.0
 
19.0
 
0.9
 
4.4
 
3.1
 
3.3
 
19.8
 
Austria
23.4
 
26.1
 
28.6
 
28.6
 
27.7
 
27.9
 
28.3
 
28.4
 
2.2
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
24.3
 
Belgium
24.9
 
24.5
 
29.1
 
28.8
 
29.4
 
30.3
 
30.9
 
30.7
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
27.4
 
Canada
17.6
 
15.8
 
18.5
 
17.9
 
17.4
 
17.4
 
17.2
 
17.0
 
3.2
 
4.9
 
4.7
 
4.6
 
20.7
 
Chile
9.8
 
12.7
 
11.2
 
10.5
 
10.1
 
10.2
 
10.0
 
..
 
0.5
 
1.2
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
13.1
 
Czech Republic
14.6
 
18.8
 
20.3
 
19.9
 
20.1
 
20.2
 
20.5
 
20.6
 
..
 
0.3
 
0.7
 
0.8
 
19.3
 
Denmark
25.0
 
26.0
 
29.7
 
29.9
 
30.1
 
30.2
 
30.2
 
30.1
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
4.8
 
5.1
 
26.1
 
Estonia
..
 
13.8
 
19.8
 
18.8
 
16.8
 
16.2
 
16.1
 
16.3
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
14.2
 
Finland
23.8
 
23.3
 
28.3
 
28.7
 
28.3
 
29.4
 
30.6
 
31.0
 
1.1
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
23.4
 
France
24.9
 
28.4
 
31.5
 
31.7
 
31.4
 
31.5
 
32.0
 
31.9
 
1.9
 
2.6
 
3.6
 
3.6
 
31.3
 
Germany
21.4
 
26.2
 
27.6
 
26.8
 
25.5
 
25.4
 
25.6
 
25.8
 
3.0
 
3.1
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
25.3
 
Greece
16.5
 
19.2
 
24.4
 
24.2
 
25.7
 
26.1
 
24.3
 
24.0
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
23.7
 
Hungary
..
 
20.5
 
24.7
 
23.5
 
22.6
 
22.3
 
22.1
 
22.1
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
20.6
 
Iceland
13.5
 
15.0
 
18.5
 
17.9
 
18.1
 
17.5
 
17.1
 
16.5
 
3.0
 
4.2
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
20.4
 
Ireland
17.2
 
13.1
 
23.4
 
23.3
 
22.3
 
22.0
 
21.9
 
21.0
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
21.9
 
Israel
..
 
16.8
 
15.8
 
15.7
 
15.6
 
15.5
 
15.5
 
..
 
..
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
15.7
 
Italy
21.4
 
23.3
 
27.8
 
27.8
 
27.5
 
28.1
 
28.7
 
28.6
 
2.1
 
1.8
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
25.4
 
Japan
11.1
 
16.3
 
22.0
 
22.1
 
23.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.2
 
3.6
 
3.5
 
3.7
 
25.6
 
Korea
2.8
 
4.8
 
9.4
 
9.0
 
9.0
 
9.6
 
10.2
 
10.4
 
0.4
 
2.7
 
2.4
 
2.7
 
11.6
 
Luxembourg
19.1
 
19.6
 
24.3
 
23.0
 
22.5
 
23.4
 
23.4
 
23.5
 
..
 
0.1
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
19.1
 
Mexico
3.2
 
5.0
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
7.7
 
7.9
 
..
 
..
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
7.7
 
Netherlands
25.6
 
19.8
 
23.1
 
23.7
 
23.5
 
24.1
 
24.6
 
24.7
 
6.1
 
7.3
 
7.4
 
7.4
 
25.8
 
New Zealand
21.2
 
18.9
 
21.0
 
21.0
 
20.7
 
21.0
 
20.8
 
..
 
0.2
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
18.8
 
Norway
21.9
 
20.8
 
22.8
 
22.4
 
21.8
 
21.7
 
22.0
 
22.0
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
19.3
 
Poland
14.9
 
20.3
 
20.7
 
20.7
 
20.1
 
20.1
 
20.7
 
20.6
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
16.8
 
Portugal
12.4
 
18.6
 
25.3
 
25.2
 
24.8
 
24.8
 
25.8
 
25.2
 
0.9
 
1.5
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
24.0
 
Slovak Republic
..
 
17.8
 
18.5
 
18.4
 
18.1
 
18.3
 
18.7
 
18.4
 
..
 
0.8
 
1.0
 
0.9
 
17.6
 
Slovenia
..
 
22.8
 
23.0
 
23.9
 
24.0
 
24.0
 
23.8
 
23.7
 
..
 
0.0
 
1.1
 
1.2
 
21.6
 
Spain
19.7
 
20.0
 
26.1
 
26.7
 
26.8
 
27.1
 
27.3
 
26.8
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
24.8
 
Sweden
28.5
 
28.2
 
29.4
 
27.9
 
27.2
 
27.7
 
28.2
 
28.1
 
1.2
 
2.6
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
24.6
 
Switzerland
12.8
 
17.2
 
19.7
 
19.5
 
19.3
 
19.7
 
19.9
 
19.4
 
4.4
 
6.6
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
..
 
Turkey
5.5
 
..
 
13.2
 
12.6
 
12.2
 
12.3
 
12.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
11.1
 
United Kingdom
16.3
 
18.4
 
23.9
 
22.8
 
22.7
 
23.0
 
22.5
 
21.7
 
5.0
 
7.6
 
6.2
 
6.2
 
26.1
 
United States
13.1
 
14.2
 
18.5
 
19.3
 
19.0
 
18.7
 
18.6
 
19.2
 
7.3
 
8.8
 
10.8
 
10.9
 
28.8
 
EU 28
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
OECD
17.5
 
18.6
 
21.9
 
21.7
 
21.4
 
21.6
 
21.7
 
21.6
 
..
 
2.9
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
21.7
 
Brazil
..
 
..
 
..
 
16.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
China
..
 
..
 
7.0
 
..
 
..
 
9.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
India
..
 
..
 
2.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Indonesia
..
 
..
 
2.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Russian Federation
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
South Africa
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
Not available
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