OECD Economics Department Working Papers

Determinants of Female Entrepreneurship in India
1815-1973 (online)
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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

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Page: 1 (N° 1191) … , 19 (N° 288) , 20 (N° 238) , 21 (N° 188) … 24 (N° 37) | Next
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  N° 238   12 Apr 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/regulation-industry-structure-and-performance-in-the-electricity-supply-industry_880084226021
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Regulation, Industry Structure and Performance in the Electricity Supply Industry
Faye Steiner
This paper seeks to assess the impact of liberalisation and privatisation on performance in the generation segment of the electricity supply industry. Regulatory indicators for a panel of 19 OECD countries over a 10 year time period were constructed to examine the influence of regulatory reform...
  N° 237   12 Apr 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/regulation-market-structure-and-performance-in-telecommunications_601531871521
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Regulation, Market Structure and Performance in Telecommunications
Olivier Boylaud, Giuseppe Nicoletti
The paper uses an original international database on regulation, market structure and performance in the telecommunications industry to investigate the effects of entry liberalisation and privatisation on productivity, prices and quality of service in long-distance (domestic and international)...
  N° 236   06 Apr 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/predicting-the-evolution-and-effects-of-the-asia-crisis-from-the-oecd-perspective_422426214244
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Predicting The Evolution and Effects of The Asia Crisis from The OECD Perspective
Pete Richardson, Ignazio Visco, Claude Giorno
Over the past two years, the key trading economies in SE Asia experienced major economic crises, involving financial turbulence, large capital outflows and currency depreciations. These, in turn, resulted in severe financial constraints and business failures and required major domestic...
  N° 235   06 Apr 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/modelling-manufacturing-export-volumes-equations_308783210136
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Modelling Manufacturing Export Volumes Equations
Keiko Murata, Dave Turner, David Rae, Laurence Le Fouler
International trade is a principle transmission mechanism by which developments in one country can have repercussions in others and how it is modelled is an important part of any multi-country model. This paper describes recent estimation work carried out by the OECD, which respecifies and...
  N° 234   17 Mar 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-polish-tax-reform_638712271244
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The Polish Tax Reform
Patrick Lenain, Leszek Bartoszuk
The Polish tax system has commendable features, in particular a capacity to generate strong revenue on a continuous basis. But it also has a number of less desirable features, which could hamper growth in the future and come under increased criticism both domestically and internationally. The...
  N° 233   02 Mar 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-tax-system-in-mexico_713001800850
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The Tax System in Mexico
Thomas Dalsgaard
The Mexican tax system encompasses a number of commendable features and disincentives to work, save and invest appear less severe than in most other OECD countries. However, the system also contains major deficiencies, which hampers the efficiency and equity of the system and contribute to the...
  N° 232   09 Feb 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/emu-the-euro-and-the-european-policy-mix_524744315352
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EMU, The Euro and The European Policy Mix
Jonathan Coppel, Martine Durand, Ignazio Visco
One year ago most economic observers predicted that "fundamentals" were such that the euro was set to appreciate. In the event, the opposite has occurred. This has rekindled a debate on how well foreign exchange markets reflect fundamental determinants and led to calls for greater exchange rate...
  N° 231   04 Feb 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-tax-system-in-japan_707611268636
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The Tax System in Japan
Thomas Dalsgaard, Masaaki Kawagoe
The Japanese tax system applies relatively low marginal tax rates on most economic activities which, in combination with moderate tax elasticities of the bases, indicate that the overall distortion from the tax system (the excess burden) is probably modest compared with other OECD countries....
  N° 230   19 Jan 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-size-and-role-of-automatic-fiscal-stabilizers-in-the-1990s-and-beyond_816628410134
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The Size and Role of Automatic Fiscal Stabilizers in the 1990s and Beyond
Paul van den Noord
This paper assesses to what extent some components of government budgets affected by the macroeconomic situation operate to smooth the business cycle in individual OECD countries. It is shown that these automatic fiscal stabilisers have generally reduced cyclical volatility in the 1990s....
  N° 229   19 Jan 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/enhancing-environmentally-sustainable-growth-in-finland_370821866730
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Enhancing Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Finland
Ann Vourc'h, Miguel Jimenez
This document examines Finland’s policy on natural and environmental resource management. In many fields, progress has been made and pollution curbed. However, there is still room for improvement with regard to cost-effectiveness. Economic evaluation of the measures planned in various fields...
  N° 228   18 Jan 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/finance-and-growth_307832384453
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Finance and Growth
Kotaro Tsuru
This paper aims at providing an overview of the theoretical considerations and a review of the empirical literature on the relationship between finance and growth. Section I describes the role of financial development in economic growth at the macro level, both theoretically and empirically....
  N° 227   12 Jan 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/what-the-yield-curves-say-about-inflation_143175727151
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What the Yield Curves say About Inflation
Sebastian Schich
The paper investigates the information content of yield curves regarding future inflation, using the example of the G-7 countries. The empirical results show substantial variation of results across countries, and a significant information content is identified for the United States, the United...
  N° 226   13 Apr 2000 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/summary-indicators-of-product-market-regulation-with-an-extension-to-employment-protection-legislation_215182844604
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Summary Indicators of Product Market Regulation with an Extension to Employment Protection Legislation
Giuseppe Nicoletti, Stefano Scarpetta, Olivier Boylaud
This paper presents a database on indicators of product market regulations and employment protection legislation for most of the OECD countries and illustrates a methodology for aggregating these detailed indicators into summary indicators of the strictness of regulations. The summary...
  N° 225   22 Nov 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/some-issues-related-to-the-equity-efficiency-trade-off-in-the-swedish-tax-and-transfer-system_067275517348
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Some Issues Related to the Equity-Efficiency Trade-Off in the Swedish Tax and Transfer System
Henning Strand
The Swedish universal welfare model relies on a high tax level to finance a variety of transfers to the workingage population both in the form of income replacements and income supplements and as services for health-, child- and elderly care. The available evidence, reviewed in this Working...
  N° 224   07 Oct 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-economic-effects-of-employment-conditional-income-support-schemes-for-the-low-paid_083815484206
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The Economic Effects of Employment-Conditional Income Support Schemes for the Low-Paid
Andrea Bassanini, Jørn Henrik Rasmussen, Stefano Scarpetta
Problems of unemployment and low pay amongst the low-skilled and those with little work experience are severe in many OECD countries. Employment-conditional schemes are policy instruments designed to increase the employment prospects of the low-skilled as well as to support their living...
  N° 223   15 Sep 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-use-of-financial-market-indicators-by-monetary-authorities_853022881453
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The Use of Financial Market Indicators by Monetary Authorities
Paul Mylonas, Sebastian Schich
In a new and changing environment for monetary policy, an interesting issue to examine is the use of financial market indicators by monetary policy authorities. With this in mind, the OECD canvassed a number of major central banks to get their views. This paper presents a synthesis of the...
  N° 222   13 Aug 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/tax-reform-in-switzerland_721511652676
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Tax Reform in Switzerland
David Carey, Kathryn Gordon, Philippe Thalmann
There have been a number of tax reforms in Switzerland in recent years aimed at enhancing economic efficiency and equity. This paper sets these reforms in the context of the forces shaping tax policy in Switzerland and the main features of the Swiss tax system and suggests areas where further...
  N° 221   04 Aug 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/trends-in-market-openness_051520622785
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Trends in Market Openness
Jonathan Coppel, Martine Durand
Widening imbalances in current account positions across some of the major OECD economic areas have raised concerns about related increases in protectionist sentiments. This paper reviews recent trends in market openness indicators and assesses whether barriers to international trade and...
  N° 220   30 July 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/technology-upgrading-with-learning-cost_5kggkdtw4vzp-en
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Technology Upgrading with Learning Cost
Sanghoon Ahn
As it takes time and effort to learn how to fully utilise new technology and realise its maximum potential productivity gain, adoption of new technology tends to reduce productivity temporarily, even though the potential productivity gain in the long run outweighs this short run loss. This...
  N° 219   27 July 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/testing-for-a-common-oecd-phillips-curve_340107434541
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Testing for a Common OECD Phillips Curve
Dave Turner, Elena Seghezza
This paper reports estimates of a reduced form relationship explaining inflation in terms of the output gap and import price inflation for most OECD countries. Results are reported both for single equation estimation on a country-by-country basis and using a system estimation technique in order...
  N° 218   28 July 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/sustainable-economic-growth_210018060005
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Sustainable Economic Growth
Paul van den Noord, Ann Vourc'h
This document examines Norwegian policy on managing natural and environmental resources. These issues, and more generally the challenges of sustainable development, are primary concerns of the authorities in Norway, a country richly endowed with natural resources. Substantial action has been...
  N° 217   23 July 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/coping-with-population-ageing-in-australia_616221120437
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Coping with Population Ageing in Australia
David Carey
As in other OECD countries Australia’s population is ageing progressively. On unchanged policies, this will increase government outlays for public pensions and health care, causing a deterioration in budget balances, and reduce economic growth (mainly by lowering growth in the labour force)....
  N° 216   25 June 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/estimating-prudent-budgetary-margins-for-11-eu-countries_475132665781
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Estimating Prudent Budgetary Margins for 11 EU Countries
Thomas Dalsgaard, Alain de Serres
In this paper, a structural VAR model is estimated for 11 EU countries in order to assess the effect on the government deficit ratio of four independent economic disturbances: supply, fiscal, real private demand and monetary shocks. Based on the estimated distribution of these shocks,...
  N° 215   10 May 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-problems-and-prospects-faced-by-pay-as-you-go-pension-systems_286670310381
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The Problems and Prospects Faced by Pay-As-You-Go Pension Systems
Paul Mylonas, Christine de la Maisonneuve
Without further reforms, pay-as-you-go pension systems throughout most of continental Europe face unsustainable financial imbalances as their population ages. Though this paper describes the Greek pension system, which will face especially severe financial strains, it sheds light on the pension...
  N° 214   05 May 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/greek-public-enterprises_213543162468
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Greek Public Enterprises
Paul Mylonas, Isabelle Joumard
A successful reform of public enterprises would improve productivity in key sectors of the Greek economy, and thus provide essential inputs at lower cost to the economy as a whole. Reforms would need to address the factors that are responsible for the poor performance of Greek public...
  N° 213   30 Apr 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-levels-and-cyclical-behaviour-of-mark-ups-across-countries-and-market-structures_817488867486
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The Levels and Cyclical Behaviour of Mark-ups Across Countries and Market Structures
Joaquim Oliveira Martins, Stefano Scarpetta
In this paper, we present estimates of the mark-up of product price over marginal costs for the US manufacturing industries over the 1970-1992 period. The paper extends the analysis used in previous studies based on nominal productivity residuals by considering intermediate inputs and cyclical...
  N° 212   23 Apr 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/poverty-dynamics-in-four-oecd-countries_578476770227
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Poverty Dynamics in Four OECD Countries
Pablo Antolín, Thai-Thanh Dang, Howard Oxley
This study examines the dynamics of poverty for four OECD countries (Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States). It provides information on patterns of poverty, which groups stay in poverty the longest, and household/individual characteristics and life-course events which appear...
  N° 211   18 Feb 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-recent-experience-with-capital-flows-to-emerging-market-economies_387426718682
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The Recent Experience with Capital Flows to Emerging Market Economies
Sveinbjörn Blöndal, Hans Christiansen
This paper summarises key points of the recent extensive discussion of the factors behind the volatility of cross-border capital flows in emerging market countries and possible corrective measures. The root cause of the recent volatility of capital flows seems to have been excessive credit and...
  N° 210   10 Feb 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/foreign-portfolio-investors-before-and-during-a-crisis_522265260065
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Foreign Portfolio Investors Before and during a Crisis
Woochan Kim, Shang-Jin Wei
Different categories of foreign portfolio investors in Korea have differences as well as similarities in their trading behavior before and during the currency crisis. First, non-resident institutional investors are always positive feedback traders, whereas resident investors were negative...
  N° 209   10 Feb 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/towards-more-efficient-government_125826214270
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Towards More Efficient Government
Eckhard Wurzel
In Germany fiscal relations between the various levels of government have come to the fore of the policy debate. In practice the federal fiscal set-up has evolved towards consensus and co-operation, where equalisation of living standards takes precedence over public choice and economic...
  N° 208   02 Dec 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/stock-market-fluctuations-and-consumption-behaviour_853414662323
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Stock Market Fluctuations and Consumption Behaviour
Laurence Boone, Claude Giorno, Pete Richardson
This paper examines the likely influence of recent stock market fluctuations on major OECD economies, focusing on wealth effects and consumption. After reviewing the relevant theoretical framework and available empirical evidence, consumption functions are estimated for the US including the...
  N° 207   24 June 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/microeconometric-analysis-of-the-retirement-decision_144160752566
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Microeconometric Analysis of the Retirement Decision
Maarten Lindeboom
It has been suggested that much of the dramatic decline in the participation rate of Dutch elderly has been caused by features of the Dutch retirement income support system. The Dutch system consists of several alternative schemes that can be used to retire early and these schemes are...
  N° 206   24 June 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/microeconometric-analysis-of-the-retirement-decision_646408174537
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Microeconometric Analysis of the Retirement Decision
Raffaele Miniaci, Elena Stancanelli
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the retirement decision in the United Kingdom. We distinguish four retirement routes: retirement, unemployment, long-term sickness and other states. The focus of the paper is the impact of pension benefits on retirement transitions. We estimate...
  N° 205   23 June 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/microeconometric-analysis-of-the-retirement-decision_514187844751
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Microeconometric Analysis of the Retirement Decision
Raffaele Miniaci
This paper exploits an Italian microeconomic data set to study retirement behaviour of women and men using survival analysis techniques. After a brief introduction to the Italian pension system and to the Bank of Italy survey, different specifications of a Cox proportional hazard model are...
  N° 204   24 June 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/microeconometric-analysis-of-the-retirement-decision_572650601656
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Microeconometric Analysis of the Retirement Decision
Pablo Antolín, Stefano Scarpetta
This paper analyses the determinants of the retirement decision in Germany using microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel over the period 1985-1995. Non-parametric and semi-parametric techniques have been used to describe the exit to retirement. Non-parametric estimates suggest that the...
  N° 203   23 June 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/microeconometric-analysis-of-the-retirement-decision_127268520146
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Microeconometric Analysis of the Retirement Decision
Joseph Quinn, Richard Burkhauser, Kevin Cahill, Robert Weathers
Using three waves of the ongoing Health and Retirement Survey, we document the labour force withdrawal patterns of a sample of older Americans aged 55-61 and working in 1992. We note the importance of Social Security and employer pension benefits for both the retired and the working populations...
  N° 202   15 Feb 1999 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-retirement-decision-in-oecd-countries_565174210530
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The Retirement Decision in OECD Countries
Sveinbjörn Blöndal, Stefano Scarpetta
This paper examines the main determinants of the decision to retire from the labour market in OECD countries, and in particular the role of social security systems in driving down the labour-force participation rate of older people in recent decades. It demonstrates that old-age pension systems...
  N° 201   23 June 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/macroeconomic-effects-of-pension-reforms-in-the-context-of-ageing-populations_638376177076
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Macroeconomic Effects of Pension Reforms in The Context of Ageing Populations
Ketil Hviding, Marcel Mérette
Using overlapping generations (OLG) models calibrated on seven OECD countries -- the United States, Japan, France, Canada, Italy, the United Kingdom and Sweden -- the authors investigate the macroeconomic impact of possible pension reform strategies as populations age. Simulations include a...
  N° 200   23 June 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-macroeconomics-of-ageing-pensions-and-savings_687160618113
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The Macroeconomics of Ageing, Pensions and Savings
Richard Kohl, Paul O'Brien
The effect of pension systems on public and private saving is important - savings are a crucial link between decisions today and living standards tomorrow. This paper, following a brief overview of pension systems in some OECD countries, reviews the empirical literature. Two important questions...
  N° 199   04 June 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/marginal-effective-tax-rates-on-physical-human-and-r-d-capital_408617353612
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Marginal Effective Tax Rates on Physical, Human and R&D Capital
Kathryn Gordon, Harry Tchilinguirian
This paper presents marginal effective tax rates (METRs) for a number of physical and intangible assets and for a number of funding sources. The assets include machinery, buildings, inventories, investments in short-lived R&D (that is, investments whose returns last only a few years) and in...
  N° 198   26 May 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-norwegian-health-care-system_571585217086
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The Norwegian Health Care System
Paul van den Noord, Terje Hagen, Tor Iversen
This paper examines the Norwegian health care system from an economic perspective. While acknowledging the excellent quality of services delivered by the Norwegian health care system, it identifies a number of problem areas, in particular: i) the long waiting lists for hospital admission and...
  N° 197   15 May 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/apec-trade-liberalisation_754552062461
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APEC Trade Liberalisation
Seunghee Han, Inkyo Cheong
Over the past decade, globalisation has been a pervasive trend in almost all economies. The world economy is becoming increasingly interdependent, deepening and intensifying international linkages, most notably in trade. As trade expands among nations throughout the world, integration of the...
  N° 196   15 May 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-oecd-jobs-strategy_808860634734
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The OECD Jobs Strategy
As more countries experience falling structural unemployment, the evidence is mounting that, implemented comprehensively, the OECD Jobs Strategy represents an effective response to countries’ labour market problems. That is the key conclusion to emerge now that the Economic and Development...
  N° 195   23 Apr 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/trends-in-oecd-countries-international-competitiveness_345570563225
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Trends in OECD Countries' International Competitiveness
Martine Durand, Christophe Madaschi, Flavia Terribile
The large exchange rate depreciations registered in a number of Asian countries since mid-1997 have raised the issue of whether this could lead to major shifts in the relative costs and prices of production across countries, and hence in the relative competitive positions of OECD and non-OECD...
  N° 194   24 Apr 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-european-union-s-trade-policies-and-their-economic-effects_880866526574
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The European Union's Trade Policies and their Economic Effects
Peter Hoeller, Nathalie Girouard, Alessandra Colecchia
This paper retraces the Communities external liberalisation efforts, and discusses, where relevant, the repercussions of internal liberalisation on foreign competitors. The aim of the paper is to clarify, and when feasible, to quantify the economic effects of the EU’s trade policies. To this...
  N° 193   20 Mar 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-macroeconomic-implications-of-ageing-in-a-global-context_502646045314
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The Macroeconomic Implications of Ageing in a Global Context
Dave Turner, Claude Giorno, Alain de Serres, Ann Vourc'h, Pete Richardson
This study was prepared in the Economics Department as a contribution to the Organisation -wide study of the economic consequences of population ageing. It presents a number of long-term scenarios illustrating the likely domestic and international macroeconomic effects of ageing across the OECD...
  N° 192   19 Mar 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/efficiency-and-distribution-in-computable-models-of-carbon-emission-abatement_840432141271
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Efficiency and Distribution in Computable Models of Carbon Emission Abatement
Joaquim Oliveira Martins, Peter Sturm
The separability between efficiency and equity is an underlying assumption in most computable general equilibrium (CGE) models used to assess the costs of carbon abatement. Chichilnisky and Heal (1994) have generated a debate on both the analytical correctness of this hypothesis as well as its...
  N° 191   11 Mar 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/monetary-policy-when-inflation-is-low_712566642766
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Monetary Policy when Inflation is Low
Charles Pigott, Hans Christiansen
This paper examines several key issues concerning the implications for monetary policy of the achievement of low inflation in OECD countries during the 1990s. In particular, the analysis considers whether there have been improvements in monetary policy transmission mechanisms that lower...
  N° 190   09 Mar 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/submission-by-the-oecd-to-the-g8-growth-employability-and-inclusion-conference_274368247581
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Submission by the OECD to the G8 Growth, Employability and Inclusion Conference
OECD countries as a whole have experienced modest annual output growth of some 2 1/2 per cent over the past four years. But unemployment remains unacceptably high -- having fallen only slightly from its peak of 38 million in 1993 to the current 35 million or 7 per cent of the workforce -- and...
  N° 189   03 Mar 1998 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/income-distribution-and-poverty-in-selected-oecd-countries_730801800603
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Income Distribution and Poverty in Selected OECD Countries
Jean-Marc Burniaux, Thai-Thanh Dang, Douglas Fore, Michael F. Förster, Marco Mira d'Ercole, Howard Oxley
This working paper presents evidence on changes in income distribution and poverty in thirteen OECD countries over the two decades up to the first half of the 1990s. While country experience has been variable, income and poverty rose in most countries. Both earnings and capital and self...
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