OECD Economics Department Working Papers

Making growth more inclusive in Costa Rica
ISSN: 
1815-1973 (online)
DOI: 
10.1787/18151973
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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

 
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Page: 1 (N° 1300) , 2 (N° 1250) , 3 (N° 1199) … 26 (N° 47) | Next
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  N° 1300   26 May 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlz4043b39w.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-growth-more-inclusive-in-costa-rica_5jlz4043b39w-en
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Making growth more inclusive in Costa Rica
Alberto González Pandiella
In the past 30 years Costa Rica has grown steadily and social indicators have improved markedly. Well-being indicators are comparable or even above the OECD average in several dimensions, such as health, environment or life-satisfaction. This paper reviews the social progress that Costa Rica...
  N° 1299   26 May 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlz4046mz35.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/how-to-boost-export-performance-in-greece_5jlz4046mz35-en
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How to boost export performance in Greece
Christine de la Maisonneuve
This paper analyses the structure of Greek exports and presents policy recommendations to boost export performance. Despite recent improvements, export performance deteriorated in the last decade particularly in the service sector. The decline in unit labour costs since the beginning of the...
  N° 1298   26 May 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlz404fx631.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/structural-reforms-to-boost-inclusive-growth-in-greece_5jlz404fx631-en
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Structural reforms to boost inclusive growth in Greece
Christian Daude
This paper takes stock of the main structural reforms that Greece has undertaken since 2010, those currently proposed and that are in the process of implementation, and quantifies the medium and long‑term effects on output. Special attention is given to three issues that are relevant to...
  N° 1297   03 May 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlzgj45b3q0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/reforming-in-a-difficult-macroeconomic-context_5jlzgj45b3q0-en
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Reforming in a difficult macroeconomic context
Aida Caldera Sánchez, Alain de Serres, Naomitsu Yashiro
This paper reviews the main issues related to the short-term impact of structural reforms in different macroeconomic contexts and takes stock of existing theoretical and empirical studies. Taking reforms introduced in "normal" times as a benchmark, it reviews the available evidence on the...
  N° 1296   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0qwm7825h.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/regulatory-management-practices-in-oecd-countries_5jm0qwm7825h-en
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Regulatory management practices in OECD countries
Isabell Koske, Faisal Naru, Philipp Beiter, Isabelle Wanner
This paper provides analysis of the regulatory governance of network sector regulators in electricity, gas, telecommunications, rail, airport and ports within the OECD as it stood in 2013. The paper explores the governance arrangements of network sector regulators as described by law and...
  N° 1295   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0qwmff2kf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/quantifying-the-effects-of-trade-liberalisation-in-brazil_5jm0qwmff2kf-en
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Quantifying the Effects of Trade Liberalisation in Brazil
Sónia Araújo, Dorothee Flaig
Brazil remains a fairly closed economy, with small trade flows relative to its share of world income. This paper explores the effects of three possible policy reforms to strengthen Brazil’s integration into global trade: a reduction in import tariffs, less local content requirements and a full...
  N° 1294   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0qwpqmz34.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/an-investigation-into-improving-the-real-time-reliability-of-oecd-output-gap-estimates_5jm0qwpqmz34-en
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An investigation into improving the real-time reliability of OECD output gap estimates
David Turner, Maria Chiara Cavalleri, Yvan Guillemette, Alexandre Kopoin, Patrice Ollivaud, Elena Rusticelli
Estimates of the output gap ought to be a useful guide for macroeconomic policy, both for assessing inflationary pressures and fiscal sustainability, but their reliability has been called into question by the large revisions which they are often subject to, particularly around turning points....
  N° 1293   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0s927f5vk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/growing-together_5jm0s927f5vk-en
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Growing together
David Haugh, Yosuke Jin, Alberto González Pandiella
The Irish economy is growing strongly, but there is a risk many households will be left behind despite robust growth. High joblessness especially among the low-educated and skill-biased wage differentials have induced high market income inequality, among the highest in the OECD. Ireland’s...
  N° 1292   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0s94jzx5j.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/migration-in-ireland_5jm0s94jzx5j-en
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Migration in Ireland
Alberto González Pandiella
The Irish labour market is exceptionally open to international migration flows, thus making labour supply highly responsive to changes in cyclical conditions. Immigration provides the skills that the Irish economy needs. The crisis triggered a sharp reversal in migration flows, with immigration...
  N° 1291   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0s95j78s1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/labour-market-transitions-in-italy_5jm0s95j78s1-en
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Labour market transitions in Italy
Yosuke Jin, Ryotaro Fukahori, Hermes Morgavi
Italy’s low employment rate is associated with adverse labour market dynamics characterised differently across different categories of people. Both job separation and re-employment have remained less frequent in Italy, especially among older workers, against the backdrop of rigid employment...
  N° 1290   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xdwm456l.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/chile-better-skills-for-inclusive-growth_5jm0xdwm456l-en
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Chile: Better skills for inclusive growth
Eduardo Olaberria
Improving education and skills is the linchpin to reduce income inequality and boost productivity growth. This paper argues that to improve, and make better use of, the skills of the labour force, Chile could gain a lot from a comprehensive and consistent Skills Strategy along three pillars:...
  N° 1289   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xdx0b06g.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/bringing-all-chileans-on-board_5jm0xdx0b06g-en
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Bringing all Chileans on board
Eduardo Olaberria
The Chilean economy has had an extraordinary performance over the last decades with strong growth and declining poverty rates. However, the economy is now slowing at a time when inequality remains very high, making future social progress challenging. This paper discusses how to achieve greater...
  N° 1288   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xf1fsqvf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/improving-the-pension-system-and-the-welfare-of-retirees-in-israel_5jm0xf1fsqvf-en
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Improving the pension system and the welfare of retirees in Israel
Claude Giorno, Jacques Adda
Israel is a young country with still dynamic population growth, but it is already beginning to face the consequences of population ageing. The pension system relies largely on mandatory private retirement saving, which will moderate the long-term fiscal impact. Yet, there are questions about...
  N° 1287   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xf06sz37.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/boosting-competition-on-israeli-markets_5jm0xf06sz37-en
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Boosting competition on Israeli markets
Claude Giorno
Promoting competition to enhance productivity at the firm level and resulting income and growth improvement and a lower cost of living is an important economic and social challenge in Israel. Consistent evidence shows multiple deficiencies leading to a dual functioning of the economy between...
  N° 1286   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xf0r676c.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/policy-challenges-for-agriculture-and-rural-areas-in-norway_5jm0xf0r676c-en
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Policy Challenges for Agriculture and Rural Areas in Norway
Philip Hemmings
Norwegian policy gives high priority to supporting rural communities, with support for agriculture receiving particular attention. It is broadly successful in terms of maintaining rural communities, and urban-rural gaps in a range of well-being indicators are comparatively narrow. However, the...
  N° 1285   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xf28vw8s.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/addressing-the-challenges-in-higher-education-in-norway_5jm0xf28vw8s-en
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Addressing the challenges in higher education in Norway
Vassiliki Koutsogeorgopoulou
Norway’s predominately public and tuition-fee free tertiary education system encourages participation and has high attainment rates. However, challenges in spending efficiency, study times, skills demand, inclusiveness and quality remain. Also, learning outcomes could improve further. Moreover,...
  N° 1284   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0v4f4r8kh.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/how-did-immigrants-fare-in-the-irish-labour-market-over-the-great-recession_5jm0v4f4r8kh-en
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How did Immigrants fare in the Irish Labour Market over the Great Recession?
Elish Kelly, Seamus McGuinness, Philip O’Connell, Alberto González Pandiella, David Haugh
This paper identifies the labour market impact of the Great Recession on immigrants compared to natives and how this relationship has evolved since the downturn. We find that the employment penalty suffered by immigrant workers, relative to native workers, increased significantly over the Irish...
  N° 1283   09 Mar 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm2f76rnhkj.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-drivers-of-public-health-spending_5jm2f76rnhkj-en
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The drivers of public health spending
Christine de la Maisonneuve, Rodrigo Moreno-Serra, Fabrice Murtin, Joaquim Oliveira Martins
This paper investigates the impact of policies and institutions on health expenditures for a large panel of OECD countries for the period 2000-10. We use a set of 20 policy and institutional indicators developed by the OECD characterising the main supply-side, demand-side, and public...
  N° 1282   10 Mar 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm2hh7nf3wd.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/do-environmental-policies-affect-global-value-chains_5jm2hh7nf3wd-en
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Do environmental policies affect global value chains?
Tomasz Koźluk, Christina Timiliotis
Increasing international fragmentation of production has reinforced fears that industrial activity may flee to countries with laxer environmental policies – in line with the so-called Pollution Haven Hypothesis (PHH). If PHH effects are strong, domestic responses to environmental challenges may...
  N° 1281   03 Mar 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm2hz2x9hxr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/monetary-policy-and-inequality_5jm2hz2x9hxr-en
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Monetary Policy and Inequality
Rory O’Farrell, Łukasz Rawdanowicz, Kei-Ichiro Inaba
This paper analyses two-way interactions between monetary policy and inequality in selected advanced economies. In the context of a highly accommodative monetary stance over recent years, the analysis focuses on the effects of monetary policy on inequality over the business cycle via its...
  N° 1280   19 Feb 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm3rxpwrgjf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/raising-public-spending-efficiency-in-switzerland_5jm3rxpwrgjf-en
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Raising Public Spending Efficiency in Switzerland
Richard Dutu
Despite having low government spending, Switzerland scores highly in various public policy outcomes, including health, education and transportation. But, as the population grows and ages, efficiency of public spending will have to rise to maintain low tax rates. Given its high returns, the...
  N° 1279   18 Feb 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm3scgb48d4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/policies-to-tame-the-housing-cycle-in-switzerland_5jm3scgb48d4-en
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Policies to Tame the Housing Cycle in Switzerland
Petar Vujanovic
Since 2000, real estate prices in Switzerland have risen rapidly. By some measures, between 2000 and 2014 apartment prices almost doubled, while those of single-family homes increased by around 60%. Price rises have varied considerably across cantons. Transactions activity in the sector has...
  N° 1278   18 Feb 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm3st732jnq.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/public-spending-efficiency-in-the-oecd_5jm3st732jnq-en
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Public Spending Efficiency in the OECD
Richard Dutu, Patrizio Sicari
In many OECD countries changes in demography and health conditions are putting pressure on public finance. To prevent further expansion of government spending as a percentage of GDP, public spending efficiency will need to be raised. This paper uses data envelopment analysis (DEA) to assess the...
  N° 1277   10 Feb 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm3xgtkk1f2.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/household-debt-in-oecd-countries_5jm3xgtkk1f2-en
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Household debt in OECD countries
Christophe André
Household debt has risen markedly since the turn of the century and stands at a historically high level in most OECD countries. This paper offers an overview of developments in household debt over the past decades across a large sample of OECD countries, highlighting both common trends and...
  N° 1276   14 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp1g0xztbr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/how-can-south-africa-s-tax-system-meet-revenue-raising-challenges_5jrp1g0xztbr-en
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How can South Africa's tax system meet revenue raising challenges?
Christine Lewis, Theresa Alton
Reforms over the past two decades have produced a well-balanced, modern tax system. However, considerable revenues will be needed in the years ahead to expand social spending and infrastructure in order to raise growth and well-being. The challenge is to generate these revenues without...
  N° 1275   14 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp1g3282d7.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/adjusting-fiscal-balances-for-the-business-cycle_5jrp1g3282d7-en
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Adjusting fiscal balances for the business cycle
Robert W.R. Price, Thai-Thanh Dang, Jarmila Botev
This paper re-estimates the elasticities of government revenue and expenditure items with respect to the output gap for OECD countries. These elasticities are used by the OECD to calculate cyclically adjusted fiscal balances. The study updates the earlier 2005 study using the most recent...
  N° 1274   14 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp1g39gkzw.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/who-are-the-top-1-earners-in-europe_5jrp1g39gkzw-en
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Who are the top 1% earners in Europe?
Oliver Denk
Top earners have become the subject of intense public and scholarly debate. This is the first paper that comprehensively documents the profiles of the 1% highest paid employees across 18 European countries. The data come from the largest harmonised source available, an employer-based survey...
  N° 1273   11 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp2s4pfbnp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/towards-more-gender-equality-in-austria_5jrp2s4pfbnp-en
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Towards more gender equality in Austria
Volker Ziemann
There is ample empirical evidence for strong and persistent patterns of separated gender roles in Austria. While this model is generally considered to have worked well in the past, it faces important challenges arising from societal and economic changes in Austria. Hence, gender mainstreaming...
  N° 1272   11 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp2s53tglp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/austria-s-separate-gender-roles-model-was-popular-in-the-past-but-is-cecoming-a-constraint-for-comprehensive-wellbeing_5jrp2s53tglp-en
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Austria's separate gender roles model was popular in the past, but is becoming a constraint for comprehensive wellbeing
Rauf Gönenç, Béatrice Guérard, Isabelle Hassler, Andreas Wörgötter
Austria has a model of "separate gender roles" in work, family and life arrangements which persists despite efforts to better balance these roles. Irrespective of their education level - which is higher for new generations than men’s - the majority of women with children withdraw fully or...
  N° 1271   27 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqc6t8ktjf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-macroeconomic-impact-of-policies-on-labour-market-outcomes-in-oecd-countries_5jrqc6t8ktjf-en
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The macroeconomic impact of structural policies on labour market outcomes in OECD countries
Peter Gal, Adam Theising
This paper presents a first set of updates and extensions of the large body of existing evidence about the aggregate labour market impact of structural policies, in the context of enhancing the OECD’s supply-side framework for the quantification of reform packages. In line with previous...
  N° 1270   27 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqc6vk3n30.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/searching-for-the-inclusive-tax-grail_5jrqc6vk3n30-en
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Searching for the inclusive growth tax grail
Brendan O’Connor, Terence Hynes, David Haugh, Patrick Lenain
The economic literature suggests that a revenue-neutral shift of tax revenues from income taxes to property taxes would increase GDP per capita in the medium term. This paper analyses for Ireland the consequences of such a shift in the tax mix. In particular, it examines whether this can be...
  N° 1269   27 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqc6zlgq31.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/taxes-income-and-economic-mobility-in-ireland_5jrqc6zlgq31-en
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Taxes, income and economic mobility in Ireland
Seán Kennedy, Yosuke Jin, David Haugh, Patrick Lenain
This paper analyses income inequality in Ireland using a new panel dataset based on the administrative tax records of the Revenue Commissioners for Ireland. High inequality at market incomes in Ireland by international standards appears to be driven by both ends of the income distribution. An...
  N° 1268   19 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqgvg0dw27.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-negative-effect-of-regulatory-divergence-on-foreign-direct-investment_5jrqgvg0dw27-en
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The negative effect of regulatory divergence on foreign direct investment
Jean-Marc Fournier
The determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) are explored with gravity models, using a Poisson estimator and a linear estimator, both with fixed effects. The heterogeneity of product market regulations has a large and robust impact on cross-border investment: a reduction of regulatory...
  N° 1267   19 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqhrrptdg6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/enhancing-competitiveness-purchasing-power-and-employment-by-increasing-competition-in-france_5jrqhrrptdg6-en
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Enhancing Competitiveness, Purchasing Power and Employment by Increasing Competition in France
Antoine Goujard
Over the past decade, France has substantially eased the burden of anti-competitive regulations and effectively enforced competition law against anti-competitive practices. Various sectors have been opened up more widely to competition, and the powers of the Competition Authority have been...
  N° 1266   19 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqhrw7rfzq.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/labour-market-reform-for-more-and-better-quality-jobs-in-italy_5jrqhrw7rfzq-en
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Labour market reform for more and better quality jobs in Italy
Yosuke Jin, Patrick Lenain
A well-functioning labour market is indispensable to promote job creation, increase living standards, and develop a cohesive society. In Italy, the various deficiencies of the labour market have resulted in high unemployment, low labour force participation and job-skill mismatch. These...
  N° 1265   26 Jan 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrs556f36zt.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/what-do-household-surveys-suggest-about-the-top-1-incomes-and-inequality-in-oecd-countries_5jrs556f36zt-en
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What do household surveys suggest about the top 1% incomes and inequality in OECD countries?
Nicolas Ruiz, Nicolas Woloszko
Standard income inequality figures, based on official household survey statistics covering most of the population, report a steady rise of inequality across a majority of advanced countries. The usefulness of these data sources in providing a timely and internationally comparable picture of...
  N° 1264   05 Oct 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrs558c5r5f.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-costs-of-flexibility-enhancing-structural-reforms_5jrs558c5r5f-en
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The Costs of Flexibility-Enhancing Structural Reforms
Tito Boeri, Pierre Cahuc, André Zylberberg
This survey highlights the key results of the empirical literature concerning the costs of flexibility enhancing reforms in product and labour markets. The documented costs include reduced employment, loss of government revenue, undesirable distributional consequences and political instability....
  N° 1263   07 Sep 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrtpbnt7zf4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/gender-equality-and-economic-growth-in-india_5jrtpbnt7zf4-en
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Gender Equality and Economic Growth in India
Pierre-Richard Agénor, Jan Mares, Piritta Sorsa
This paper studies how public policies, including pro-women interventions, can raise female labour force participation and promote economic growth in India. The first part provides a brief review of gender issues in the country. The second part presents a gender-based OLG model, based on Agénor...
  N° 1262   02 Sep 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrtpbs9fg0v.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/achieving-fiscal-consolidation-while-promoting-social-cohesion-in-japan_5jrtpbs9fg0v-en
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Achieving Fiscal Consolidation while Promoting Social Cohesion in Japan
Randall S. Jones, Kohei Fukawa
With gross government debt of 226% of GDP, Japan’s fiscal situation is in uncharted territory and puts the economy at risk. Japan needs a detailed and credible fiscal consolidation plan, including specific revenue increases and measures to control spending to restore its fiscal sustainability....
  N° 1261   02 Sep 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrtpbtkbhs1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/enhancing-dynamism-and-innovation-in-japan-s-business-sector_5jrtpbtkbhs1-en
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Enhancing Dynamism and Innovation in Japan's Business Sector
Randall S. Jones, Myungkyoo Kim
Innovation is key to boosting economic growth in the face of a rapidly ageing population. While Japan spends heavily on education and R&D, appropriate framework conditions are essential to increase the return on such investments by strengthening competition, both domestic and international, and...
  N° 1260   21 Aug 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw21kjthln.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/vocational-training-and-adult-learning-for-better-skills-in-france_5jrw21kjthln-en
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Vocational training and adult learning for better skills in France
Nicola Brandt
France devotes a great deal of resources to vocational training for youths and especially adults, but the system is unduly complex and yields rather poor returns. The basic literacy and numeracy skills of many French adults remain weak in international comparison, with harmful effects on...
  N° 1259   21 Aug 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw21mfp4kd.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/structural-policies-and-productivityfirm_5jrw21mfp4kd-en
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Structural policies and productivity
Jens Arnold, Natália Barbosa
This paper provides empirical evidence on links between the productivity of Portuguese firms and a number of policy variables in Portugal. The analysis is based on a census of Portuguese manufacturing companies, covering more than 40,000 firms between 2006 and 2011. The results suggest that a...
  N° 1258   21 Aug 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw21ng3ts3.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/reducing-inequality-and-poverty-in-portugal_5jrw21ng3ts3-en
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Reducing inequality and poverty in Portugal
Jens Arnold, Carlos Farinha Rodrigues
Portugal has one of the most unequal income distributions in Europe and poverty levels are high. The economic crisis has halted a long-term gradual decline in both inequality and poverty and the number of poor households is rising, with children and youths being particularly affected....
  N° 1257   21 Aug 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw21nm480q.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/boosting-export-performance-in-portugal_5jrw21nm480q-en
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Boosting export performance in Portugal
Jens Arnold
In the years before the economic crisis, Portugal had low growth, a decline in export competitiveness and rising imbalances that included a large current account deficit and a strong expansion of the non-tradable sector. Strengthening export performance is therefore one of the principal...
  N° 1256   21 Aug 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw21ntclwc.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-new-zealand-s-economic-growth-more-inclusive_5jrw21ntclwc-en
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Making New Zealand's economic growth more inclusive
David Carey
New Zealand generally performs well in terms of economic and social inclusion. It has high employment rates, and education and health-care systems work well for most. However, some New Zealanders are stuck on low incomes and face material deprivation and multiple barriers to economic and social...
  N° 1255   01 Aug 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw57nr0f23.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/policy-areas-for-increasing-productivity-in-latvia-economics_5jrw57nr0f23-en
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Policy areas for increasing productivity in Latvia economics
Zuzana Smidova
Much of the convergence of the Latvian economy needs to come from productivity increases. To achieve this, policy makers should do more to facilitate the integration of the economy into global trade and promote competitive business environment. By benchmarking Latvia vis-à-vis the other Baltic...
  N° 1254   01 Aug 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw57p59bxx.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/improving-public-sector-efficiency-for-more-inclusive-growth-in-latvia_5jrw57p59bxx-en
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Improving public sector efficiency for more inclusive growth in Latvia
Caroline Klein, Robert W.R. Price
This working paper explores avenues to improve public sector efficiency in Latvia, a catching-up and ageing economy where spending needs are large. Ensuring that spending allocated to core services (e.g. education, healthcare) is adequate to achieve convergence of policy outcomes to OECD upper...
  N° 1253   07 Aug 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw7j0mdlnt.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/non-standard-contracts-flexibility-and-employment-adjustment_5jrw7j0mdlnt-en
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Non-standard contracts, flexibility and employment adjustment
Larisa Smirnykh, Andreas Wörgötter
This paper examines the use of two forms of non-standard work contracts in Russia with data from an enterprise survey for the years 2009 to 2011. Non-standard work contracts are less costly and more flexible for employers. Internal adjustment in form of wage cuts or unpaid leave is not covered...
  N° 1252   07 Aug 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrw7j0zgb33.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/russia-progress-in-structural-reform-and-framework-conditions-2011-13_5jrw7j0zgb33-en
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Russia: Progress in Structural Reform and Framework Conditions 2011-13
Yana Vaziakova
Since 1995 when OECD began conducting Economic Surveys of the Russian Federation many policy recommendations relating to structural reform and framework conditions have been made. This paper is an update of an earlier paper that described actions taken up to October 2011 (Vaziakova et al.,...
  N° 1251   28 July 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrxhgf61q5j.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/economic-resilience-what-role-for-policies_5jrxhgf61q5j-en
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Economic resilience: what role for policies?
Aida Caldera Sánchez, Morten Rasmussen, Oliver Röhn
The global financial crisis highlighted the importance of strengthening the resilience of our economies to adverse shocks. In this paper, we take stock of studies carried out primarily within, but also outside the OECD, to better understand the role of macroeconomic and structural policies in...
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