OECD Economics Department Working Papers

Advance Warning Indicators of Past Severe GDP per Capita Recessions in Turkey
1815-1973 (online)
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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

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Page: 1 (N° 1334) , 2 (N° 1284) , 3 (N° 1234) … 27 (N° 31) | Next
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  N° 1334   11 Oct 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/advance-warning-indicators-of-past-severe-gdp-per-capita-recessions-in-turkey_5jlpq7swq4wf-en
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Advance Warning Indicators of Past Severe GDP per Capita Recessions in Turkey
Oliver Röhn
The global financial crisis and its high economic and social costs have revived academic and policy interest in “early warning indicators” of crises. This paper aims to investigate the performance of vulnerability indicators as advance warning indicators of past severe GDP per capita recessions...
  N° 1333   11 Oct 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/realising-and-expanding-opportunities-in-the-united-states_5jlpq7t9vzbx-en
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Realising and expanding opportunities in the United States
Damien Azzopardi, Jonathan Millar, Douglas Sutherland
Measures that enable the acquisition of new skills and reduce mismatches between the demand and supply of existing skills can boost US economic growth and make its benefits more inclusive. Although overall schooling performance has generally improved over time, many disadvantaged students still...
  N° 1332   11 Oct 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-skills-of-polish-emigrants_5jlpq7tg3hxs-en
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The skills of Polish emigrants
Nicola Brandt, Patrizio Sicari
Based on the OECD data from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) this paper sheds light on the skills of migrants. In line with earlier research the data show that migrants from Poland are more likely to have a tertiary degree than peers at home, but they often work in elementary professions...
  N° 1331   11 Oct 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/fiscal-decentralisation-and-income-inequality_5jlpq7tm05r6-en
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Fiscal decentralisation and income inequality
Sibylle Stossberg, David Bartolini, Hansjörg Blöchliger
This paper investigates the relationship between fiscal decentralisation and economy-wide disposable income inequality. Drawing on a dataset of up to 20 OECD countries over a period from 1996 to 2011, a regression analysis is performed, relating several indicators of national income inequality...
  N° 1330   11 Oct 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/fiscal-decentralisation-and-regional-disparities_5jlpq7v3j237-en
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Fiscal Decentralisation and Regional Disparities
David Bartolini, Sibylle Stossberg, Hansjörg Blöchliger
Fiscal decentralisation can lead to a more efficient provision of local public goods and services and promote a better match between policies and citizens’ preferences. At the same time, however, there are concerns about whether all regions will gain from more autonomy. Decentralisation may not...
  N° 1329   11 Oct 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/regional-gdp-in-oecd-countries_5jlpq7xz3tjc-en
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Regional GDP in OECD countries
Felix Arnold, Hansjörg Blöchliger
This paper surveys the state and evolution of GDP per capita in 281 regions of OECD countries for the time period 1995 – 2013. It puts a special focus on the disparities between the regions. These can be substantial: In 2013, GDP per capita of the least and most developed region varied by a...
  N° 1328   11 Oct 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/unleashing-private-sector-productivity-in-the-united-states_5jlpq7zk4j30-en
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Unleashing private sector productivity in the United States
Jonathan Millar, Douglas Sutherland
Productivity growth has been sluggish since the Great Recession and had been slowing before it. This slowdown has touched nearly every industry. Although part the slowdown may be related to weakness of investment related to the slow recovery of aggregate demand, structural issues also appear to...
  N° 1327   21 Sep 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/raising-well-being-in-germany-s-ageing-society_5jlr3ctrc8bn-en
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Raising well-being in Germany's ageing society
Andreas Kappeler, Andrés Fuentes Hutfilter, Dorothee Schneider, Naomitsu Yashiro, Eun Jung Kim, Giovanni Maria Semeraro
Population ageing is setting in earlier in Germany than in most other OECD economies and will be marked. It could lead to a substantial decline in employment, weighing on GDP per capita, and will raise demand for health-related public services. Germany has already implemented far-reaching...
  N° 1326   21 Sep 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/boosting-investment-performance-in-germany_5jlr3cv53241-en
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Boosting investment performance in Germany
Andrés Fuentes Hutfilter, Andreas Kappeler, Dorothee Schneider, Giovanni Maria Semeraro
Non-residential investment has fallen over the past 20 years as a share of GDP and is now lower than in several other high-income OECD countries. Business investment growth has been weak since the outbreak of the global financial and economic crisis. Government investment has been low,...
  N° 1325   21 Sep 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/labour-market-reforms-in-korea-to-promote-inclusive-growth_5jlr3cvdf35k-en
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Labour market reforms in Korea to promote inclusive growth
Randall S. Jones, Kohei Fukawa
Labour market reforms are essential to promote social cohesion by removing obstacles to employment, particularly for women, youth and older persons. In addition to reducing income inequality and poverty, such reforms would also sustain economic growth as Korea’s working-age population begins to...
  N° 1324   21 Sep 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/raising-korea-s-productivity-through-innovation-and-structural-reform_5jlr3tl19gkd-en
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Raising Korea's productivity through innovation and structural reform
Randall S. Jones, Jae Wan Lee
Raising productivity requires addressing a wide range of policies that affect resource allocation, the creation and diffusion of technology, human capital and the creation and financing of start-ups. The greatest gains can be achieved in the service sector and in SMEs, where productivity has...
  N° 1323   03 Aug 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/a-bird-eye-view-of-costa-rica-s-transport-infrastructure_5jlswbwvwqjf-en
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A bird-eye view of Costa Rica's transport infrastructure
Mauro Pisu, Federico Villalobos
Costa Rica's transport infrastructure sector has long suffered from insufficient and ineffective investment and maintenance spending, resulting in a congested and poor-quality transport network. Public spending has been below the OECD average and private sector participation is limited. The...
  N° 1322   03 Aug 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/strengthening-competition-in-network-sectors-and-the-internal-market-in-canada_5jlswbxnfdxs-en
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Strengthening competition in network sectors and the internal market in Canada
Corinne Luu
Canada’s productivity performance has lagged that of many other OECD countries, despite some improvement in recent years. One measure to enhance overall efficiency would be to strengthen competition on the domestic market to drive future multi-factor productivity improvements. The potential...
  N° 1321   27 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/age-skills-and-labour-market-outcomes-in-finland_5jlv23953gq1-en
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Age, skills and labour market outcomes in Finland
Jon Kristian Pareliussen
Macro-simulations benchmarking employment in Finland to the Nordic average show that closing the large gaps in labour participation vis-à-vis the other Nordics across genders and age groups would boost employment significantly. Regressions on micro-data from the OECD Survey of Adult Skills...
  N° 1320   27 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/employment-and-skills-in-finland_5jlv239kcq9r-en
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Employment and Skills in Finland
Jon Kristian Pareliussen, Christophe André, Thomas Chalaux, Vincent Koen
Employment fosters equity and economic inclusiveness because those out of work face the highest risk of poverty, and it generates the tax receipts on which the social safety net depends. Further enhancing education and life-long learning would lower hurdles to employment, which are high for the...
  N° 1319   27 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/boosting-productivity-in-finland_5jlv23b11mtl-en
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Boosting Productivity in Finland
Christophe André, Thomas Chalaux
Boosting productivity growth is necessary to raise living standards and well-being for all. Aggregate productivity has fallen, mainly driven by manufacturing, although service industries have also tended to underperform. Reviving productivity requires improving framework conditions further so...
  N° 1318   27 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/costa-rica-boosting-productivity-to-sustain-income-convergence_5jlv23bhvnq7-en
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Costa Rica: Boosting productivity to sustain income convergence
Mauro Pisu
In the latest 30 years, Costa Rica's real GDP per capita has more than doubled, driven by increasing labour utilisation. Labour productivity has instead stagnated at around 30% of the more advanced OECD countries. Productivity growth has been lacklustre despite the opening up of markets to...
  N° 1317   27 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/five-years-in-a-balloon_5jlv236zqj7b-en
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Five years in a balloon
Branislav Žúdel, Libor Melioris
We analyse the effect of Slovakia’s euro adoption in 2009 on the country’s economic performance by using the synthetic control method. This method compares Slovakia’s economic performance with that of a weighted combination of comparable Central European economies that have remained outside the...
  N° 1316   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-public-finances-more-growth-and-equity-friendly-in-the-euro-area_5jlv2jgl4kbr-en
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Making public finances more growth and equity-friendly in the euro area
Álvaro Pina
Across the euro area, the ability of public finances to support equitable growth has tended to deteriorate. Concerns about high and rising public debt, together with market pressure in some cases, led to sharp fiscal consolidation in 2011-13, against the backdrop of a weak economic situation at...
  N° 1315   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/priorities-for-completing-the-european-union-s-single-market_5jlv2jhfnt48-en
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Priorities for completing the European Union's Single Market
Jan Stráský
The EU Single Market remains far from completed: progress in goods and services market integration has stalled, financial markets are still fragmented along national lines and the barriers to labour mobility remain high. Restrictive regulation within countries and regulatory heterogeneity...
  N° 1314   27 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/boosting-productivity-through-greater-small-business-dynamism-in-canada_5jlv23k891r8-en
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Boosting productivity through greater small business dynamism in Canada
David Carey, John Lester, Isabelle Luong
Small business dynamism is a feature of an SME sector that contributes to overall productivity growth, not an end in itself. Such dynamism increases productivity growth by reallocating resources towards more productive firms and strengthening the diffusion of new technologies. Small business...
  N° 1313   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/forecasting-gdp-during-and-after-the-great-recession_5jlv2jj4mw40-en
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Forecasting GDP during and after the Great Recession
Patrice Ollivaud, Pierre-Alain Pionnier, Elena Rusticelli, Cyrille Schwellnus, Seung-Hee Koh
This paper compares the short-term forecasting performance of state-of-the-art large-scale dynamic factor models (DFMs) and the small-scale bridge models routinely used at the OECD. Pseudo-real time out-of-sample forecasts for France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom and the United States...
  N° 1312   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/estimating-the-distributional-impact-of-the-greek-crisis-2009-2014_5jlv2jl6c9f3-en
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Estimating the distributional impact of the Greek crisis (2009-2014)
Chrysa Leventi, Manos Matsaganis
Estimating the impact of the crisis on income distribution requires up-to-date information. Due to the complexity of income surveys such as EU-SILC, income data usually become available with considerable delay. In this context, micro-simulation models are an appropriate and widely used...
  N° 1311   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-short-term-impact-of-product-market-reforms_5jlv2jm07djl-en
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The short-term impact of product market reforms
Peter Gal, Alexander Hijzen
This paper analyses the effects of product market reforms in the short and medium term across 10 regulated industries and 18 advanced economies for the period 1998-2013 using internationally comparable firm-level data based on Orbis. It provides four key insights. First, product market reforms...
  N° 1310   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-effects-of-reform-scenarios-for-unemployment-benefits-and-social-assistance-on-financial-incentives-to-work-and-poverty-in-lithuania_5jlv2jmtmsmr-en
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The effects of reform scenarios for unemployment benefits and social assistance on financial incentives to work and poverty in Lithuania
Jekaterina Navicke, Silvia Avram, Lilas Demmou
In 2015 the Lithuanian government launched an ambitious Social Model reform agenda aimed at balancing flexibility of the labour market and security provided through the system of social protection. We simulate alternative scenarios for reforming the unemployment benefit and cash social...
  N° 1309   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/insolvency-regimes-and-productivity-growth_5jlv2jqhxgq6-en
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Insolvency Regimes And Productivity Growth
Muge Adalet McGowan, Dan Andrews
This paper develops an analytical framework to identify the policies relevant for firm exit and the channels through which they shape aggregate productivity growth. A range of potentially relevant policies are identified, spanning insolvency regimes, regulations affecting product, labour and...
  N° 1308   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/growing-together-making-lithuania-s-convergence-process-more-inclusive_5jlv2zc7x6vh-en
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Growing together: making Lithuania's convergence process more inclusive
Lilas Demmou
Although Lithuania’s growth has been impressive, inequality is high, the risk of poverty is one of the highest of European countries, and life expectancy is comparatively low and strongly dependent on socio-economic background. The low job satisfaction reduces well-being and feeds high...
  N° 1307   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/scaling-new-heights_5jlv2zcn3s8r-en
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Scaling New Heights
Ben Westmore
GDP per capita in Lithuania rose from one third to two thirds of the OECD average level between 1995 and 2014, despite internal and external crises. Productivity catch-up was critical to this process, although the level of labour productivity also remains around one-third below the OECD...
  N° 1306   30 June 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/boosting-skills-for-all-in-the-netherlands_5jlwjg6j6lr1-en
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Boosting skills for all in the Netherlands
Rafal Kierzenkowski, Aleksandra Paciorek, Gabor Fulop
Strong and adequate skills are essential to support workers’ productivity and to ensure robust employment outcomes. Developing workers’ skills would also increase their personal satisfaction and wages, contributing in making growth more inclusive. The Netherlands performs well in terms of...
  N° 1305   30 June 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/enhancing-private-investment-in-the-netherlands_5jlwjg6sq2g6-en
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Enhancing private investment in the Netherlands
Sanne Zwart
Investment has rebounded during the recent economic revival, but from a low level. The investment slump during the crisis was mostly caused by a fall in residential investment. However, business investment has been trending downwards since 1990, holding back capital stock accumulation and...
  N° 1304   08 June 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/links-between-weak-investment-and-the-slowdown-in-productivity-and-potential-output-growth-across-the-oecd_5jlwvz0smq45-en
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Links between weak investment and the slowdown in productivity and potential output growth across the OECD
Patrice Ollivaud, Yvan Guillemette, David Turner
The OECD framework for estimating potential output is combined with previous OECD empirical research to analyse the causes of recent weak productivity growth. Current weak labour productivity growth in many OECD countries reflects historically weak contributions from both total factor...
  N° 1303   03 June 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/regulations-in-services-sectors-and-their-impact-on-downstream-industries_5jlwz7kz39q8-en
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Regulations in services sectors and their impact on downstream industries
Balázs Égert, Isabelle Wanner
This document presents the new 2013 set of the OECD Regulatory Impact (REGIMPACT) indicator. It measures the impact of regulatory barriers to competition in non-manufacturing sectors on all industries, through intermediate inputs. The paper describes how the indicator is calculated and...
  N° 1302   02 June 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/improving-transport-and-energy-infrastructure-investment-in-poland_5jlwz8jrf89r-en
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Improving transport and energy infrastructure investment in Poland
Antoine Goujard
Poland has significantly upgraded its infrastructure network over the past decade. However, bottlenecks still weigh on productivity growth and environmental and health outcomes. The EU 2014-20 programming period is an opportunity to improve the management of infrastructure investment. In the...
  N° 1301   02 June 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-better-use-of-skills-and-migration-in-poland_5jlwz8kr4c0q-en
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Making better use of skills and migration in Poland
Nicola Brandt
To continue catching up with living standards in other OECD countries Poland needs to invest in higher skills. Crucial elements include: i) making sure that all children have access to high-quality early childhood education; ii) strengthening the basic skills of vocational education students...
  N° 1300   26 May 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-growth-more-inclusive-in-costa-rica_5jlz4043b39w-en
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Making growth more inclusive in Costa Rica
Alberto González Pandiella
In the past 30 years Costa Rica has grown steadily and social indicators have improved markedly. Well-being indicators are comparable or even above the OECD average in several dimensions, such as health, environment or life-satisfaction. This paper reviews the social progress that Costa Rica...
  N° 1299   26 May 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/how-to-boost-export-performance-in-greece_5jlz4046mz35-en
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How to boost export performance in Greece
Christine de la Maisonneuve
This paper analyses the structure of Greek exports and presents policy recommendations to boost export performance. Despite recent improvements, export performance deteriorated in the last decade particularly in the service sector. The decline in unit labour costs since the beginning of the...
  N° 1298   26 May 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/structural-reforms-to-boost-inclusive-growth-in-greece_5jlz404fx631-en
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Structural reforms to boost inclusive growth in Greece
Christian Daude
This paper takes stock of the main structural reforms that Greece has undertaken since 2010, those currently proposed and that are in the process of implementation, and quantifies the medium and long‑term effects on output. Special attention is given to three issues that are relevant to...
  N° 1297   03 May 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/reforming-in-a-difficult-macroeconomic-context_5jlzgj45b3q0-en
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Reforming in a difficult macroeconomic context
Aida Caldera Sánchez, Alain de Serres, Naomitsu Yashiro
This paper reviews the main issues related to the short-term impact of structural reforms in different macroeconomic contexts and takes stock of existing theoretical and empirical studies. Taking reforms introduced in "normal" times as a benchmark, it reviews the available evidence on the...
  N° 1296   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/regulatory-management-practices-in-oecd-countries_5jm0qwm7825h-en
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Regulatory management practices in OECD countries
Isabell Koske, Faisal Naru, Philipp Beiter, Isabelle Wanner
This paper provides analysis of the regulatory governance of network sector regulators in electricity, gas, telecommunications, rail, airport and ports within the OECD as it stood in 2013. The paper explores the governance arrangements of network sector regulators as described by law and...
  N° 1295   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/quantifying-the-effects-of-trade-liberalisation-in-brazil_5jm0qwmff2kf-en
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Quantifying the Effects of Trade Liberalisation in Brazil
Sónia Araújo, Dorothee Flaig
Brazil remains a fairly closed economy, with small trade flows relative to its share of world income. This paper explores the effects of three possible policy reforms to strengthen Brazil’s integration into global trade: a reduction in import tariffs, less local content requirements and a full...
  N° 1294   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/an-investigation-into-improving-the-real-time-reliability-of-oecd-output-gap-estimates_5jm0qwpqmz34-en
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An investigation into improving the real-time reliability of OECD output gap estimates
David Turner, Maria Chiara Cavalleri, Yvan Guillemette, Alexandre Kopoin, Patrice Ollivaud, Elena Rusticelli
Estimates of the output gap ought to be a useful guide for macroeconomic policy, both for assessing inflationary pressures and fiscal sustainability, but their reliability has been called into question by the large revisions which they are often subject to, particularly around turning points....
  N° 1293   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/growing-together_5jm0s927f5vk-en
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Growing together
David Haugh, Yosuke Jin, Alberto González Pandiella
The Irish economy is growing strongly, but there is a risk many households will be left behind despite robust growth. High joblessness especially among the low-educated and skill-biased wage differentials have induced high market income inequality, among the highest in the OECD. Ireland’s...
  N° 1292   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/migration-in-ireland_5jm0s94jzx5j-en
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Migration in Ireland
Alberto González Pandiella
The Irish labour market is exceptionally open to international migration flows, thus making labour supply highly responsive to changes in cyclical conditions. Immigration provides the skills that the Irish economy needs. The crisis triggered a sharp reversal in migration flows, with immigration...
  N° 1291   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/labour-market-transitions-in-italy_5jm0s95j78s1-en
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Labour market transitions in Italy
Yosuke Jin, Ryotaro Fukahori, Hermes Morgavi
Italy’s low employment rate is associated with adverse labour market dynamics characterised differently across different categories of people. Both job separation and re-employment have remained less frequent in Italy, especially among older workers, against the backdrop of rigid employment...
  N° 1290   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/chile-better-skills-for-inclusive-growth_5jm0xdwm456l-en
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Chile: Better skills for inclusive growth
Eduardo Olaberría
Improving education and skills is the linchpin to reduce income inequality and boost productivity growth. This paper argues that to improve, and make better use of, the skills of the labour force, Chile could gain a lot from a comprehensive and consistent Skills Strategy along three pillars:...
  N° 1289   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/bringing-all-chileans-on-board_5jm0xdx0b06g-en
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Bringing all Chileans on board
Eduardo Olaberría
The Chilean economy has had an extraordinary performance over the last decades with strong growth and declining poverty rates. However, the economy is now slowing at a time when inequality remains very high, making future social progress challenging. This paper discusses how to achieve greater...
  N° 1288   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/improving-the-pension-system-and-the-welfare-of-retirees-in-israel_5jm0xf1fsqvf-en
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Improving the pension system and the welfare of retirees in Israel
Claude Giorno, Jacques Adda
Israel is a young country with still dynamic population growth, but it is already beginning to face the consequences of population ageing. The pension system relies largely on mandatory private retirement saving, which will moderate the long-term fiscal impact. Yet, there are questions about...
  N° 1287   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/boosting-competition-on-israeli-markets_5jm0xf06sz37-en
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Boosting competition on Israeli markets
Claude Giorno
Promoting competition to enhance productivity at the firm level and resulting income and growth improvement and a lower cost of living is an important economic and social challenge in Israel. Consistent evidence shows multiple deficiencies leading to a dual functioning of the economy between...
  N° 1286   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/policy-challenges-for-agriculture-and-rural-areas-in-norway_5jm0xf0r676c-en
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Policy Challenges for Agriculture and Rural Areas in Norway
Philip Hemmings
Norwegian policy gives high priority to supporting rural communities, with support for agriculture receiving particular attention. It is broadly successful in terms of maintaining rural communities, and urban-rural gaps in a range of well-being indicators are comparatively narrow. However, the...
  N° 1285   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
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Addressing the challenges in higher education in Norway
Vassiliki Koutsogeorgopoulou
Norway’s predominately public and tuition-fee free tertiary education system encourages participation and has high attainment rates. However, challenges in spending efficiency, study times, skills demand, inclusiveness and quality remain. Also, learning outcomes could improve further. Moreover,...
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