OECD Economics Department Working Papers

Making public finances more growth and equity-friendly in the euro area
ISSN: 
1815-1973 (online)
DOI: 
10.1787/18151973
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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

 
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Page: 1 (N° 1316) , 2 (N° 1265) , 3 (N° 1214) … 27 (N° 12) | Next
Mark Number Date TitleClick to Access
  N° 1316   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlv2jgl4kbr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-public-finances-more-growth-and-equity-friendly-in-the-euro-area_5jlv2jgl4kbr-en
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Making public finances more growth and equity-friendly in the euro area
Álvaro Pina
Across the euro area, the ability of public finances to support equitable growth has tended to deteriorate. Concerns about high and rising public debt, together with market pressure in some cases, led to sharp fiscal consolidation in 2011-13, against the backdrop of a weak economic situation at...
  N° 1315   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlv2jhfnt48.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/priorities-for-completing-the-european-union-s-single-market_5jlv2jhfnt48-en
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Priorities for completing the European Union's Single Market
Jan Stráský
The EU Single Market remains far from completed: progress in goods and services market integration has stalled, financial markets are still fragmented along national lines and the barriers to labour mobility remain high. Restrictive regulation within countries and regulatory heterogeneity...
  N° 1313   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlv2jj4mw40.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/forecasting-gdp-during-and-after-the-great-recession_5jlv2jj4mw40-en
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Forecasting GDP during and after the Great Recession
Patrice Ollivaud, Pierre-Alain Pionnier, Elena Rusticelli, Cyrille Schwellnus, Seung-Hee Koh
This paper compares the short-term forecasting performance of state-of-the-art large-scale dynamic factor models (DFMs) and the small-scale bridge models routinely used at the OECD. Pseudo-real time out-of-sample forecasts for France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom and the United States...
  N° 1312   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlv2jl6c9f3.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/estimating-the-distributional-impact-of-the-greek-crisis-2009-2014_5jlv2jl6c9f3-en
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Estimating the distributional impact of the Greek crisis (2009-2014)
Chrysa Leventi, Manos Matsaganis
Estimating the impact of the crisis on income distribution requires up-to-date information. Due to the complexity of income surveys such as EU-SILC, income data usually become available with considerable delay. In this context, micro-simulation models are an appropriate and widely used...
  N° 1311   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlv2jm07djl.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-short-term-impact-of-product-market-reforms_5jlv2jm07djl-en
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The short-term impact of product market reforms
Peter Gal, Alexander Hijzen
This paper analyses the effects of product market reforms in the short and medium term across 10 regulated industries and 18 advanced economies for the period 1998-2013 using internationally comparable firm-level data based on Orbis. It provides four key insights. First, product market reforms...
  N° 1310   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlv2jmtmsmr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-effects-of-reform-scenarios-for-unemployment-benefits-and-social-assistance-on-financial-incentives-to-work-and-poverty-in-lithuania_5jlv2jmtmsmr-en
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The effects of reform scenarios for unemployment benefits and social assistance on financial incentives to work and poverty in Lithuania
Jekaterina Navicke, Silvia Avram, Lilas Demmou
In 2015 the Lithuanian government launched an ambitious Social Model reform agenda aimed at balancing flexibility of the labour market and security provided through the system of social protection. We simulate alternative scenarios for reforming the unemployment benefit and cash social...
  N° 1309   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlv2jqhxgq6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/insolvency-regimes-and-productivity-growth_5jlv2jqhxgq6-en
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Insolvency Regimes And Productivity Growth
Muge Adalet McGowan, Dan Andrews
This paper develops an analytical framework to identify the policies relevant for firm exit and the channels through which they shape aggregate productivity growth. A range of potentially relevant policies are identified, spanning insolvency regimes, regulations affecting product, labour and...
  N° 1308   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlv2zc7x6vh.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/growing-together-making-lithuania-s-convergence-process-more-inclusive_5jlv2zc7x6vh-en
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Growing together: making Lithuania's convergence process more inclusive
Lilas Demmou
Although Lithuania’s growth has been impressive, inequality is high, the risk of poverty is one of the highest of European countries, and life expectancy is comparatively low and strongly dependent on socio-economic background. The low job satisfaction reduces well-being and feeds high...
  N° 1307   26 July 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlv2zcn3s8r.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/scaling-new-heights_5jlv2zcn3s8r-en
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Scaling New Heights
Ben Westmore
GDP per capita in Lithuania rose from one third to two thirds of the OECD average level between 1995 and 2014, despite internal and external crises. Productivity catch-up was critical to this process, although the level of labour productivity also remains around one-third below the OECD...
  N° 1306   30 June 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlwjg6j6lr1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/boosting-skills-for-all-in-the-netherlands_5jlwjg6j6lr1-en
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Boosting skills for all in the Netherlands
Rafal Kierzenkowski, Aleksandra Paciorek, Gabor Fulop
Strong and adequate skills are essential to support workers’ productivity and to ensure robust employment outcomes. Developing workers’ skills would also increase their personal satisfaction and wages, contributing in making growth more inclusive. The Netherlands performs well in terms of...
  N° 1305   30 June 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlwjg6sq2g6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/enhancing-private-investment-in-the-netherlands_5jlwjg6sq2g6-en
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Enhancing private investment in the Netherlands
Sanne Zwart
Investment has rebounded during the recent economic revival, but from a low level. The investment slump during the crisis was mostly caused by a fall in residential investment. However, business investment has been trending downwards since 1990, holding back capital stock accumulation and...
  N° 1304   08 June 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlwvz0smq45.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/links-between-weak-investment-and-the-slowdown-in-productivity-and-potential-output-growth-across-the-oecd_5jlwvz0smq45-en
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Links between weak investment and the slowdown in productivity and potential output growth across the OECD
Patrice Ollivaud, Yvan Guillemette, David Turner
The OECD framework for estimating potential output is combined with previous OECD empirical research to analyse the causes of recent weak productivity growth. Current weak labour productivity growth in many OECD countries reflects historically weak contributions from both total factor...
  N° 1303   03 June 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlwz7kz39q8.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/regulations-in-services-sectors-and-their-impact-on-downstream-industries_5jlwz7kz39q8-en
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Regulations in services sectors and their impact on downstream industries
Balázs Égert, Isabelle Wanner
This document presents the new 2013 set of the OECD Regulatory Impact (REGIMPACT) indicator. It measures the impact of regulatory barriers to competition in non-manufacturing sectors on all industries, through intermediate inputs. The paper describes how the indicator is calculated and...
  N° 1302   02 June 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlwz8jrf89r.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/improving-transport-and-energy-infrastructure-investment-in-poland_5jlwz8jrf89r-en
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Improving transport and energy infrastructure investment in Poland
Antoine Goujard
Poland has significantly upgraded its infrastructure network over the past decade. However, bottlenecks still weigh on productivity growth and environmental and health outcomes. The EU 2014-20 programming period is an opportunity to improve the management of infrastructure investment. In the...
  N° 1301   02 June 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlwz8kr4c0q.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-better-use-of-skills-and-migration-in-poland_5jlwz8kr4c0q-en
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Making better use of skills and migration in Poland
Nicola Brandt
To continue catching up with living standards in other OECD countries Poland needs to invest in higher skills. Crucial elements include: i) making sure that all children have access to high-quality early childhood education; ii) strengthening the basic skills of vocational education students...
  N° 1300   26 May 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlz4043b39w.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/making-growth-more-inclusive-in-costa-rica_5jlz4043b39w-en
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Making growth more inclusive in Costa Rica
Alberto González Pandiella
In the past 30 years Costa Rica has grown steadily and social indicators have improved markedly. Well-being indicators are comparable or even above the OECD average in several dimensions, such as health, environment or life-satisfaction. This paper reviews the social progress that Costa Rica...
  N° 1299   26 May 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlz4046mz35.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/how-to-boost-export-performance-in-greece_5jlz4046mz35-en
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How to boost export performance in Greece
Christine de la Maisonneuve
This paper analyses the structure of Greek exports and presents policy recommendations to boost export performance. Despite recent improvements, export performance deteriorated in the last decade particularly in the service sector. The decline in unit labour costs since the beginning of the...
  N° 1298   26 May 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlz404fx631.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/structural-reforms-to-boost-inclusive-growth-in-greece_5jlz404fx631-en
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Structural reforms to boost inclusive growth in Greece
Christian Daude
This paper takes stock of the main structural reforms that Greece has undertaken since 2010, those currently proposed and that are in the process of implementation, and quantifies the medium and long‑term effects on output. Special attention is given to three issues that are relevant to...
  N° 1297   03 May 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jlzgj45b3q0.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/reforming-in-a-difficult-macroeconomic-context_5jlzgj45b3q0-en
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Reforming in a difficult macroeconomic context
Aida Caldera Sánchez, Alain de Serres, Naomitsu Yashiro
This paper reviews the main issues related to the short-term impact of structural reforms in different macroeconomic contexts and takes stock of existing theoretical and empirical studies. Taking reforms introduced in "normal" times as a benchmark, it reviews the available evidence on the...
  N° 1296   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0qwm7825h.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/regulatory-management-practices-in-oecd-countries_5jm0qwm7825h-en
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Regulatory management practices in OECD countries
Isabell Koske, Faisal Naru, Philipp Beiter, Isabelle Wanner
This paper provides analysis of the regulatory governance of network sector regulators in electricity, gas, telecommunications, rail, airport and ports within the OECD as it stood in 2013. The paper explores the governance arrangements of network sector regulators as described by law and...
  N° 1295   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0qwmff2kf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/quantifying-the-effects-of-trade-liberalisation-in-brazil_5jm0qwmff2kf-en
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Quantifying the Effects of Trade Liberalisation in Brazil
Sónia Araújo, Dorothee Flaig
Brazil remains a fairly closed economy, with small trade flows relative to its share of world income. This paper explores the effects of three possible policy reforms to strengthen Brazil’s integration into global trade: a reduction in import tariffs, less local content requirements and a full...
  N° 1294   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0qwpqmz34.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/an-investigation-into-improving-the-real-time-reliability-of-oecd-output-gap-estimates_5jm0qwpqmz34-en
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An investigation into improving the real-time reliability of OECD output gap estimates
David Turner, Maria Chiara Cavalleri, Yvan Guillemette, Alexandre Kopoin, Patrice Ollivaud, Elena Rusticelli
Estimates of the output gap ought to be a useful guide for macroeconomic policy, both for assessing inflationary pressures and fiscal sustainability, but their reliability has been called into question by the large revisions which they are often subject to, particularly around turning points....
  N° 1293   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0s927f5vk.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/growing-together_5jm0s927f5vk-en
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Growing together
David Haugh, Yosuke Jin, Alberto González Pandiella
The Irish economy is growing strongly, but there is a risk many households will be left behind despite robust growth. High joblessness especially among the low-educated and skill-biased wage differentials have induced high market income inequality, among the highest in the OECD. Ireland’s...
  N° 1292   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0s94jzx5j.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/migration-in-ireland_5jm0s94jzx5j-en
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Migration in Ireland
Alberto González Pandiella
The Irish labour market is exceptionally open to international migration flows, thus making labour supply highly responsive to changes in cyclical conditions. Immigration provides the skills that the Irish economy needs. The crisis triggered a sharp reversal in migration flows, with immigration...
  N° 1291   19 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0s95j78s1.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/labour-market-transitions-in-italy_5jm0s95j78s1-en
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Labour market transitions in Italy
Yosuke Jin, Ryotaro Fukahori, Hermes Morgavi
Italy’s low employment rate is associated with adverse labour market dynamics characterised differently across different categories of people. Both job separation and re-employment have remained less frequent in Italy, especially among older workers, against the backdrop of rigid employment...
  N° 1290   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xdwm456l.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/chile-better-skills-for-inclusive-growth_5jm0xdwm456l-en
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Chile: Better skills for inclusive growth
Eduardo Olaberria
Improving education and skills is the linchpin to reduce income inequality and boost productivity growth. This paper argues that to improve, and make better use of, the skills of the labour force, Chile could gain a lot from a comprehensive and consistent Skills Strategy along three pillars:...
  N° 1289   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xdx0b06g.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/bringing-all-chileans-on-board_5jm0xdx0b06g-en
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Bringing all Chileans on board
Eduardo Olaberria
The Chilean economy has had an extraordinary performance over the last decades with strong growth and declining poverty rates. However, the economy is now slowing at a time when inequality remains very high, making future social progress challenging. This paper discusses how to achieve greater...
  N° 1288   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xf1fsqvf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/improving-the-pension-system-and-the-welfare-of-retirees-in-israel_5jm0xf1fsqvf-en
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Improving the pension system and the welfare of retirees in Israel
Claude Giorno, Jacques Adda
Israel is a young country with still dynamic population growth, but it is already beginning to face the consequences of population ageing. The pension system relies largely on mandatory private retirement saving, which will moderate the long-term fiscal impact. Yet, there are questions about...
  N° 1287   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xf06sz37.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/boosting-competition-on-israeli-markets_5jm0xf06sz37-en
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Boosting competition on Israeli markets
Claude Giorno
Promoting competition to enhance productivity at the firm level and resulting income and growth improvement and a lower cost of living is an important economic and social challenge in Israel. Consistent evidence shows multiple deficiencies leading to a dual functioning of the economy between...
  N° 1286   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xf0r676c.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/policy-challenges-for-agriculture-and-rural-areas-in-norway_5jm0xf0r676c-en
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Policy Challenges for Agriculture and Rural Areas in Norway
Philip Hemmings
Norwegian policy gives high priority to supporting rural communities, with support for agriculture receiving particular attention. It is broadly successful in terms of maintaining rural communities, and urban-rural gaps in a range of well-being indicators are comparatively narrow. However, the...
  N° 1285   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0xf28vw8s.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/addressing-the-challenges-in-higher-education-in-norway_5jm0xf28vw8s-en
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Addressing the challenges in higher education in Norway
Vassiliki Koutsogeorgopoulou
Norway’s predominately public and tuition-fee free tertiary education system encourages participation and has high attainment rates. However, challenges in spending efficiency, study times, skills demand, inclusiveness and quality remain. Also, learning outcomes could improve further. Moreover,...
  N° 1284   12 Apr 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm0v4f4r8kh.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/how-did-immigrants-fare-in-the-irish-labour-market-over-the-great-recession_5jm0v4f4r8kh-en
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How did Immigrants fare in the Irish Labour Market over the Great Recession?
Elish Kelly, Seamus McGuinness, Philip O’Connell, Alberto González Pandiella, David Haugh
This paper identifies the labour market impact of the Great Recession on immigrants compared to natives and how this relationship has evolved since the downturn. We find that the employment penalty suffered by immigrant workers, relative to native workers, increased significantly over the Irish...
  N° 1283   09 Mar 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm2f76rnhkj.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-drivers-of-public-health-spending_5jm2f76rnhkj-en
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The drivers of public health spending
Christine de la Maisonneuve, Rodrigo Moreno-Serra, Fabrice Murtin, Joaquim Oliveira Martins
This paper investigates the impact of policies and institutions on health expenditures for a large panel of OECD countries for the period 2000-10. We use a set of 20 policy and institutional indicators developed by the OECD characterising the main supply-side, demand-side, and public...
  N° 1282   10 Mar 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm2hh7nf3wd.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/do-environmental-policies-affect-global-value-chains_5jm2hh7nf3wd-en
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Do environmental policies affect global value chains?
Tomasz Koźluk, Christina Timiliotis
Increasing international fragmentation of production has reinforced fears that industrial activity may flee to countries with laxer environmental policies – in line with the so-called Pollution Haven Hypothesis (PHH). If PHH effects are strong, domestic responses to environmental challenges may...
  N° 1281   03 Mar 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm2hz2x9hxr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/monetary-policy-and-inequality_5jm2hz2x9hxr-en
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Monetary Policy and Inequality
Rory O’Farrell, Łukasz Rawdanowicz, Kei-Ichiro Inaba
This paper analyses two-way interactions between monetary policy and inequality in selected advanced economies. In the context of a highly accommodative monetary stance over recent years, the analysis focuses on the effects of monetary policy on inequality over the business cycle via its...
  N° 1280   19 Feb 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm3rxpwrgjf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/raising-public-spending-efficiency-in-switzerland_5jm3rxpwrgjf-en
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Raising Public Spending Efficiency in Switzerland
Richard Dutu
Despite having low government spending, Switzerland scores highly in various public policy outcomes, including health, education and transportation. But, as the population grows and ages, efficiency of public spending will have to rise to maintain low tax rates. Given its high returns, the...
  N° 1279   18 Feb 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm3scgb48d4.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/policies-to-tame-the-housing-cycle-in-switzerland_5jm3scgb48d4-en
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Policies to Tame the Housing Cycle in Switzerland
Petar Vujanovic
Since 2000, real estate prices in Switzerland have risen rapidly. By some measures, between 2000 and 2014 apartment prices almost doubled, while those of single-family homes increased by around 60%. Price rises have varied considerably across cantons. Transactions activity in the sector has...
  N° 1278   18 Feb 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm3st732jnq.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/public-spending-efficiency-in-the-oecd_5jm3st732jnq-en
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Public Spending Efficiency in the OECD
Richard Dutu, Patrizio Sicari
In many OECD countries changes in demography and health conditions are putting pressure on public finance. To prevent further expansion of government spending as a percentage of GDP, public spending efficiency will need to be raised. This paper uses data envelopment analysis (DEA) to assess the...
  N° 1277   10 Feb 2016 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jm3xgtkk1f2.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/household-debt-in-oecd-countries_5jm3xgtkk1f2-en
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Household debt in OECD countries
Christophe André
Household debt has risen markedly since the turn of the century and stands at a historically high level in most OECD countries. This paper offers an overview of developments in household debt over the past decades across a large sample of OECD countries, highlighting both common trends and...
  N° 1276   14 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp1g0xztbr.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/how-can-south-africa-s-tax-system-meet-revenue-raising-challenges_5jrp1g0xztbr-en
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How can South Africa's tax system meet revenue raising challenges?
Christine Lewis, Theresa Alton
Reforms over the past two decades have produced a well-balanced, modern tax system. However, considerable revenues will be needed in the years ahead to expand social spending and infrastructure in order to raise growth and well-being. The challenge is to generate these revenues without...
  N° 1275   14 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp1g3282d7.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/adjusting-fiscal-balances-for-the-business-cycle_5jrp1g3282d7-en
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Adjusting fiscal balances for the business cycle
Robert W. R. Price, Thai-Thanh Dang, Jarmila Botev
This paper re-estimates the elasticities of government revenue and expenditure items with respect to the output gap for OECD countries. These elasticities are used by the OECD to calculate cyclically adjusted fiscal balances. The study updates the earlier 2005 study using the most recent...
  N° 1274   14 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp1g39gkzw.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/who-are-the-top-1-earners-in-europe_5jrp1g39gkzw-en
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Who are the top 1% earners in Europe?
Oliver Denk
Top earners have become the subject of intense public and scholarly debate. This is the first paper that comprehensively documents the profiles of the 1% highest paid employees across 18 European countries. The data come from the largest harmonised source available, an employer-based survey...
  N° 1273   11 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp2s4pfbnp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/towards-more-gender-equality-in-austria_5jrp2s4pfbnp-en
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Towards more gender equality in Austria
Volker Ziemann
There is ample empirical evidence for strong and persistent patterns of separated gender roles in Austria. While this model is generally considered to have worked well in the past, it faces important challenges arising from societal and economic changes in Austria. Hence, gender mainstreaming...
  N° 1272   11 Dec 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrp2s53tglp.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/austria-s-separate-gender-roles-model-was-popular-in-the-past-but-is-cecoming-a-constraint-for-comprehensive-wellbeing_5jrp2s53tglp-en
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Austria's separate gender roles model was popular in the past, but is becoming a constraint for comprehensive wellbeing
Rauf Gönenç, Béatrice Guérard, Isabelle Hassler, Andreas Wörgötter
Austria has a model of "separate gender roles" in work, family and life arrangements which persists despite efforts to better balance these roles. Irrespective of their education level - which is higher for new generations than men’s - the majority of women with children withdraw fully or...
  N° 1271   27 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqc6t8ktjf.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-macroeconomic-impact-of-policies-on-labour-market-outcomes-in-oecd-countries_5jrqc6t8ktjf-en
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The macroeconomic impact of structural policies on labour market outcomes in OECD countries
Peter Gal, Adam Theising
This paper presents a first set of updates and extensions of the large body of existing evidence about the aggregate labour market impact of structural policies, in the context of enhancing the OECD’s supply-side framework for the quantification of reform packages. In line with previous...
  N° 1270   27 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqc6vk3n30.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/searching-for-the-inclusive-tax-grail_5jrqc6vk3n30-en
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Searching for the inclusive growth tax grail
Brendan O’Connor, Terence Hynes, David Haugh, Patrick Lenain
The economic literature suggests that a revenue-neutral shift of tax revenues from income taxes to property taxes would increase GDP per capita in the medium term. This paper analyses for Ireland the consequences of such a shift in the tax mix. In particular, it examines whether this can be...
  N° 1269   27 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqc6zlgq31.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/taxes-income-and-economic-mobility-in-ireland_5jrqc6zlgq31-en
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Taxes, income and economic mobility in Ireland
Seán Kennedy, Yosuke Jin, David Haugh, Patrick Lenain
This paper analyses income inequality in Ireland using a new panel dataset based on the administrative tax records of the Revenue Commissioners for Ireland. High inequality at market incomes in Ireland by international standards appears to be driven by both ends of the income distribution. An...
  N° 1268   19 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqgvg0dw27.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/the-negative-effect-of-regulatory-divergence-on-foreign-direct-investment_5jrqgvg0dw27-en
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The negative effect of regulatory divergence on foreign direct investment
Jean-Marc Fournier
The determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) are explored with gravity models, using a Poisson estimator and a linear estimator, both with fixed effects. The heterogeneity of product market regulations has a large and robust impact on cross-border investment: a reduction of regulatory...
  N° 1267   19 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqhrrptdg6.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/enhancing-competitiveness-purchasing-power-and-employment-by-increasing-competition-in-france_5jrqhrrptdg6-en
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Enhancing Competitiveness, Purchasing Power and Employment by Increasing Competition in France
Antoine Goujard
Over the past decade, France has substantially eased the burden of anti-competitive regulations and effectively enforced competition law against anti-competitive practices. Various sectors have been opened up more widely to competition, and the powers of the Competition Authority have been...
  N° 1266   19 Nov 2015 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrqhrw7rfzq.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/labour-market-reform-for-more-and-better-quality-jobs-in-italy_5jrqhrw7rfzq-en
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Labour market reform for more and better quality jobs in Italy
Yosuke Jin, Patrick Lenain
A well-functioning labour market is indispensable to promote job creation, increase living standards, and develop a cohesive society. In Italy, the various deficiencies of the labour market have resulted in high unemployment, low labour force participation and job-skill mismatch. These...
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