OECD Economic Surveys: Poland

Every 18 months
1999-060X (online)
1995-3542 (print)
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OECD’s periodic surveys of the Polish economy. Each edition surveys the major challenges faced by the country, evaluates the short-term outlook, and makes specific policy recommendations. Special chapters take a more detailed look at specific challenges. Extensive statistical information is included in charts and graphs.

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OECD Economic Surveys: Poland 2016

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22 Mar 2016
9789264252561 (PDF) ; 9789264252578 (EPUB) ;9789264252554(print)

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This 2016 OECD Economic Survey of the Poland examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects. The special chapters cover: Skills and migration; Transport and energy infrastructure.

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  • Basic Statistics of Poland, 2014

    This Survey is published on the responsibility of the Economic and Development Review Committee (EDRC) of the OECD, which is charged with the examination of the economic situation of member countries.The economic situation and policies of Poland were reviewed by the Committee on 08 February 2016. The draft report was then revised in the light of the discussions and given final approval as the agreed report of the whole Committee on 4 March 2016.The Secretariat’s draft report was prepared for the Committee by Nicola Brandt and Antoine Goujard under the supervision of Peter Jarrett. Statistical and research assistance was provided by Patrizio Sicari and administrative assistance by Dacil Kurzweg.The previous Survey of Poland was issued in March 2014.Information about the latest as well as previous Surveys and more information about how Surveys are prepared is available at www.oecd.org/eco/surveys.

  • Executive summary
  • Assessment and recommendations
  • Progress in structural reform


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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Thematic chapters

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    • Making better use of skills and migration

      To continue catching up with living standards in other OECD countries Poland needs to invest in higher skills. Crucial elements include: i) making sure that all children have access to high-quality early childhood education; ii) strengthening the basic skills of vocational education students and the relevance of their studies through stronger links with firms; and iii) improving the quality of universities by linking university teachers' pay and career progress with their teaching and research performance. The Polish government has taken action in many of these areas. More needs to be done to put immigrants' skills to better use. Polish return migrants frequently complain about difficulties in using their skills acquired abroad, while many immigrants of foreign origin work in professions that do not match their qualifications. Ongoing reforms to improve recognition of foreign credentials and new possibilities to validate work experience through formal qualifications will be helpful.

    • Improving transport and energy infrastructure investment

      Poland has significantly upgraded its infrastructure network over the past decade. However, bottlenecks still weigh on productivity growth and environmental and health outcomes. The EU 2014-20 programming period is an opportunity to improve the management of infrastructure investment. Regularly updating national infrastructure strategies and promoting cost-benefit analyses and ex post evaluations would increase the coherence of sectoral development plans. Strengthening local governance and ensuring the independence of the network industry regulators and the Competition Authority would also be good moves. At the same time, rebuilding fiscal buffers and promoting long-term financing instruments will be critical over the medium term, while increasing environmental taxation and road pricing would promote greener investment. As many local governments lack administrative capacity, relying more on central government assistance for project management and public procurement procedures would improve infrastructure delivery. In the transport sector, the country allocated most recent funding to roads, but it plans significant investment in railway and urban public transport in 2014-20. Strengthening metropolitan governance, building up medium-term infrastructure management capabilities and reducing funding uncertainty would ensure more efficient spending. In the energy sector, electricity generation capacity is tight, while regulatory uncertainty, administrative burdens and a lack of interregional and international trade capacity has hampered the development of renewables. The authorities are seeking to develop nuclear power, but they need to take fully into account tail risks involved and its long-term costs. More energy efficiency investment would also be valuable, as current support systems do not provide sufficient incentives.

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