OECD Economic Surveys: Poland

Frequency :
Every 18 months
ISSN :
1999-060X (online)
ISSN :
1995-3542 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/1999060x
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OECD’s periodic surveys of the Polish economy. Each edition surveys the major challenges faced by the country, evaluates the short-term outlook, and makes specific policy recommendations. Special chapters take a more detailed look at specific challenges. Extensive statistical information is included in charts and graphs.

Also available in: French
 
OECD Economic Surveys: Poland 2014

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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/1014021e.pdf
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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
10 Mar 2014
Pages :
140
ISBN :
9789264206724 (PDF) ; 9789264206717 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/eco_surveys-pol-2014-en

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OECD's 2014 Economic Survey of Poland examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects. Special chapters examine labour market and competition policies.

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    • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/oecd-economic-surveys-poland-2014/basic-statistics-of-poland-2012_eco_surveys-pol-2014-1-en
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    Basic statistics of Poland, 2012

    This Survey is published on the responsibility of the Economic and Development Review Committee of the OECD, which is charged with the examination of the economic situation of member countries.

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    Executive summary
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    • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/oecd-economic-surveys-poland-2014/assessment-and-recommendations_eco_surveys-pol-2014-3-en
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    Assessment and recommendations
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    Progress in structural reform

    This Annex reviews action taken on recommendations from previous Surveys. Recommendations that are new in this Survey are listed in the relevant chapter.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Thematic chapters

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        http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/1014021ec005.pdf
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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/oecd-economic-surveys-poland-2014/making-the-labour-market-work-better_eco_surveys-pol-2014-5-en
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      Making the labour market work better

      Poor labour-market outcomes remain one of Poland’s major structural weaknesses, impeding firms’ competitiveness and the nation’s potential output. Boosting employment prospects is also critical, as the country will soon be ageing at a fast pace. Despite long working hours, labour utilisation is only average due to structurally low employment rates, particularly at both ends of the age spectrum, with some marked regional differences. The female employment rate is especially low, in part due to poorly designed family and pension policies. Insufficient product-market competition and obstacles to internal mobility induce significant resource misallocation. Employment protection is not particularly stringent, but the labour market is nonetheless heavily segmented. This is likely to weigh on economic performance by limiting investment in human capital and making some specific groups bear a large share of adjustment costs. Public employment services suffer from a lack of resources and function inefficiently. Local labour offices have limited incentives to adopt best practices; the government plans to start benchmarking them. There is ample scope to tighten jobseeker obligations and reform social and tax policies to make work pay.

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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/oecd-economic-surveys-poland-2014/strengthening-competition_eco_surveys-pol-2014-6-en
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      Strengthening competition

      Poland’s productivity has grown strongly over the past decade, and efforts to reduce the regulatory burden have been significant. Despite impressive progress, product market regulation remains more burdensome than in most OECD countries, partly due to the importance of red tape and the level of state involvement in the economy. Further reduction in red tape and pursuing privatisation in competitive markets would increase competitive pressures and ensure neutrality, notably in public procurement processes. Economic rents in many sectors seem high, as stringent entry regulations, regulatory barriers and inefficient bankruptcy procedures induce significant resource misallocation. A welcome deregulation of professional services is ongoing, and the government plans to further ease firm registrations and reform bankruptcy procedures. The independence of the sector regulators in network industries and the powers of the Competition Authority can still be enhanced, as the reform efforts in these sectors remain patchy. The dominant positions of the incumbents and the failure of network sector regulators to introduce a level playing field in order to secure third-party access to the sectoral infrastructure and allow new entry in the competitive segments are another main issue. The advantages of being considered a farmer are also slowing the consolidation process in the agricultural sector.

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