Twice a year, the OECD Economic Outlook analyses the major trends that will mark the next two years. The present issue covers the outlook to the end of 2004 and examines the economic policies required to foster high and sustainable growth in member countries. Developments in selected major non-OECD economies are also evaluated in detail.
In addition to the themes featured regularly, this issue contains four analytical chapters addressing the following important questions: the deterioration in budgetary positions in most OECD countries, raising the labour force participation of older workers, the benefits that OECD countries could achieve from undertaking reforms to promote product market competition, and inflation rates in some of the larger, slow-growing economies have not declined sufficiently to offset higher rates elsewhere in the euro area.
- 24 Dec 2002
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Buoyant private consumption has fuelled a recovery from the 2001 slowdown. With a pick-up in external demand, output growth of around 6 per cent is projected to continue through to 2004. The unemployment rate is below 3 per cent and, though inflation has stabilised at around 3 per cent, a double-digit hike in wages and a sharp increase in housing prices are raising concerns about the outlook for inflation.
Given the pressures emerging in the labour and real estate markets, it will be necessary to reverse gradually the decline in short-term interest rates that occurred in 2001 in order to achieve the medium-term inflation target of 2½ per cent. The privatisation of government-owned banks is important to promote corporate restructuring and to cover at least part of the cost of financial-sector restructuring. A prudent fiscal policy will be needed to absorb the remainder of such costs.