OECD Journal: Economic Studies

Frequency
Semiannual
ISSN: 
1995-2856 (online)
ISSN: 
1995-2848 (print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/19952856
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OECD Journal: Economic Studies publishes articles in the area of economic policy analysis, applied economics and statistical analysis, generally with an international or cross-country dimension. It draws significantly on economic papers produced by the OECD Economics Department, other parts of the OECD Secretariat and the Organisation’s intergovernmental committees.

Article
 

National testing policies and educator based testing for accountability

The role of selection in student achievement You do not have access to this content

English
 
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/1316011ec005.pdf
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Author(s):
William C. Smith
07 Mar 2017
Pages:
19
Bibliographic information
No.:
6,
Volume:
2016,
Issue:
1
Pages:
131–149
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eco_studies-2016-5jg1jxftj4r3

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Increasingly accountability in education has linked student test scores to teacher and school evaluations. The underlying assumption behind this educator based accountability is that the high stakes linked to student test scores will prompt behavioral change, thus improving student learning and education quality. This study conducts a cross policy analysis using pooled data from the 2009 PISA, categorizing participant countries of the 2009 PISA into three national testing policies based on what type of educator based accountability is applied in the country. Results indicate that initial differences between national testing policy categories are not significant once school types and school practices that select on the student are included. This suggests that potential gains from more stringent accountability may be an artifact of schools under pressure engaging in practices that shape their testing pool, such as admitting only relatively high achieving students or transferring out lower achieving students.

JEL classification: I21, I24, I25, I28
Keywords: Education, PISA, accountability, testing, equity                                                  

 
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