Manual on Statistics of International Trade in Services

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29 Nov 2002
9789264034778 (PDF)

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The Manual on Statistics of International Trade in Services is a joint publication of six agencies:- the UN, EC, IMF, OECD, UNCTAD, and WTO. It addresses a growing demand from governments, businesses and analysts for more relevant, detailed and internationally comparable statistics on services trade. Special emphasis is given to the statistical information needs of international trade negotiations and agreements.

The Manual provides a coherent internationally-agreed conceptual framework within which countries can structure the statistics they compile and report on international services trade. It builds on and links to existing standards, in particular the fifth edition of the International Monetary Fund’s Balance of Payments Manual and the 1993 System of National Accounts. It categorises the services that are traded internationally, and how they are traded in practice, taking into account the modes of supply of services.

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Table of Contents

List of acronyms
Chapter I. Foundations of the Manual: general introduction and overview
-A. Introduction
-B. Set of recommended elements for phased implementation
--1. Recommended core elements
--2. Other recommended elements
-C. Shape of the Manual
Chapter II. Conceptual framework for the development of statistics on international trade in services
A. Introduction
-B. Need for a statistical framework on international trade in services
--1. Globalization and multilateral services trade negotiations
--2. The General Agreement on Trade in Services
---(a) Structure and guiding principles of GATS
---(b) The four GATS modes of supply
---(c) Services Sectoral Classification list - GNS/W/120
-C. Statistical systems and classifications related to trade in services
--1. International
---(a) System of National Accounts, 1993
---(b) Fifth edition of the IMF Balance of Payments Manual
---(c) Central Product Classification, Version 1.0
---(d) International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities, Revision 3
---(e) International Merchandise Trade Statistics
---(f) International migration frameworks and the Recommendations on Statistics of International Migration
---(g) Tourism Satellite Accounts: Recommended Methodological Framework
--2. Other statistical systems and classifications
---(a) Joint OECD-Eurostat Trade in Services Classification
---(b) OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment
---(c) OECD Manual on Economic Globalisation Indicators
-D. Approach and framework of the Manual
--1. Statistics on trade in services, labour and investment from BPM5
---(a) Main BPM5 standard services components
---(b) Labour-related flows of funds
---(c) Foreign direct investment
--2. BPM5 extensions
---(a) Analysis of balance of payments transactions by origin and destination
---(b) Extended Balance of Payments Services Classification
--3. Foreign affiliates trade in services statistics
---(a) FATS statistics: concepts and classification
---(b) FATS statistics and other statistical frameworks
--4. Statistical treatment of modes of supply: the simplified approach
---(a) Simplified statistical criteria
---(b) Balance of payments statistics by modes of supply
---(c) FATS statistics and modes of supply
---(d) Special problems in statistical treatment of mode
---(e) Conclusion
Chapter III. Services Transactions Between Residents and Non-Residents
A. Introduction
-B. Principles of recording
--1. Concept and definition of residence
--2. Valuation of transactions
--3. Other principles relating to the recording of transactions
-D. Transactions between related parties
-E. Statistics by trading partner
-F. Modes of supply and EBOPS
--1. Allocation of modes of supply
--2. Priorities for allocation to modes of supply . Repairs on goods
-H. Definitions of the components of the Extended Balance of Payments Services classification
--1. Transportation services
--2. Travel
--3. Communications services
--4. Construction services
--5. Insurance services
--6. Financial services
--7. Computer and information services
--8. Royalties and license fees
--9. Other business services
--10. Personal, cultural and recreational services 
--11. Government services, not included elsewhere
-I. Alternative aggregations of service and non-service transactions
-J. Data collection
-K. Summary of recommendations
Chapter IV. Foreign affiliates trade in services statistics 
-A. Introduction
-B. Universe to be covered
--1. Ownership criteria
--2. Types of producers
-C. Time of recording
-D. Statistical units
-E. Attribution of FATS variables
--1. By country
---(a) Inward FATS
---(b) Outward FATS
---(c) Note on the equal ownership of shares by residents of more than one country
--2. By activity and by product
---(a) By activity
---(b) By product
-F. Economic variables for FATS
--1. Sales (turnover) and/or output
--2. Employment
--3. Value added
--4. Exports and imports of goods and services
--5. Number of enterprises
--6. Other variables
-G. Compilation issues
-H. Summary of recommendations

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