OECD Economics Department Working Papers

ISSN: 
1815-1973 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/18151973
Hide / Show Abstract
Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

 

Gender Equality and Economic Growth in India

A Quantitative Framework You or your institution have access to this content

English
Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5jrtpbnt7zf4-en.pdf
  • PDF
  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/gender-equality-and-economic-growth-in-india_5jrtpbnt7zf4-en
  • READ
Author(s):
Pierre-Richard Agénor1, Jan Mares, Piritta Sorsa2
Author Affiliations
  • 1: University of Manchester, United Kingdom

  • 2: OECD, France

07 Sep 2015
Bibliographic information
No.:
1263
Pages:
59
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5jrtpbnt7zf4-en

Hide / Show Abstract

This paper studies how public policies, including pro-women interventions, can raise female labour force participation and promote economic growth in India. The first part provides a brief review of gender issues in the country. The second part presents a gender-based OLG model, based on Agénor (2015) and Agénor and Canuto (2015), that accounts for women’s time allocation between market work, child rearing, human capital accumulation, and home production. Bargaining between spouses depends on relative human capital stocks. The model is calibrated and various experiments are conducted, including investment in infrastructure, conditional cash transfers, and a reduction in gender bias in the market place. The analysis shows raising female labour force participation with a package of pro-growth and pro-women policies could boost the growth rate by about 2 percentage points over time.
Keywords:
female labour force participation, gender, gender equality, India
JEL Classification:
  • I15: Health, Education, and Welfare / Health / Health and Economic Development
  • I25: Health, Education, and Welfare / Education and Research Institutions / Education and Economic Development
  • J16: Labor and Demographic Economics / Demographic Economics / Economics of Gender ; Non-labor Discrimination
  • O41: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity / One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
 
Visit the OECD web site