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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.
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Education Attainment in Brazil
The Experience of FUNDEF
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- Luiz de Mello, Mombert Hoppe
- 04 Apr 2005
- Bibliographic information
For many years, Brazil lagged behind other middle-income countries in terms of school enrolment rates. But since 1998 policies have aimed at bridging this gap, in particular, with the implementation of FUNDEF, a fund for financing sub-national spending on primary and lower-secondary education. Using state- and municipality-level data during 1991-2002, this paper shows that FUNDEF played a key role in the increase in enrolment rates over the period, particularly in small municipalities, which rely more heavily on transfers from higher levels of government as a source of revenue. These findings underscore the importance of FUNDEF in eliminating supply constraints to the improvement of education attainment. Enrolment rates are now nearly universal for primary and lower-secondary education. Emphasis should therefore be placed on policies to improve the quality of services and to remove supply constraints to the expansion of enrolment in upper-secondary and tertiary education.
- decentralisation, school enrolment, Brazil, education
- JEL Classification:
- H52: Public Economics / National Government Expenditures and Related Policies / Government Expenditures and Education
- H72: Public Economics / State and Local Government ; Intergovernmental Relations / State and Local Budget and Expenditures
- H77: Public Economics / State and Local Government ; Intergovernmental Relations / Intergovernmental Relations ; Federalism ; Secession