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The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.
Economic Growth: The Role of Policies and Institutions
Panel Data. Evidence from OECD Countries
- Andrea Bassanini, Stefano Scarpetta1, Philip Hemmings
- Author Affiliations
- 1: World Bank, United States
- 31 Jan 2001
- Bibliographic information
This paper discusses links between policy settings, institutions and economic growth in OECD countries on the basis of cross-country time-series regressions. The econometric approach allows short-term adjustments and convergence speeds to vary across countries, imposing restrictions only on the long-run coefficients. In addition to the ‘primary’ influences of capital accumulation and skills embodied in the human capital, the results confirm the importance for growth of R&D activity, the macroeconomic environment, trade openness and well developed financial markets. They also confirm that many of the policy influences operate not only ‘directly’ on growth but also indirectlyviathe mobilisation of resources for fixed investment. The paper also reports some bivariate correlations between OECD indicators of product regulation and growth. They provide some supporting evidence that the negative impact of stringent regulations and administrative burden on the efficiency of product ...
- economic growth, panel data, policy and institutions
- JEL Classification:
- N10: Economic History / Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics ; Industrial Structure ; Growth ; Fluctuations / General, International, or Comparative
- O40: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity / General
- O47: Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity / Empirical Studies of Economic Growth ; Aggregate Productivity ; Cross-Country Output Convergence