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Country statistical profile: Turkey You or your institution have access to this content

English
Keywords Turkey
26 Apr 2016
Update frequency:
Annual
DOI:
10.1787/20752288-table-tur
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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2016

Country statistical profile: Turkey 2016
‌‌
Unit
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
15 021
 
14 491
 
16 012
 
17 692
 
18 437
 
e 
19 156
 
e 
19 610
 
e 
..
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
0.7
 
-4.8
 
9.2
 
8.8
 
2.1
 
4.2
 
2.9
 
4.0
 
e 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
-6.2
 
-19.0
 
30.5
 
18.0
 
-2.7
 
4.4
 
-1.3
 
..
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
8.5
 
9.1
 
9.5
 
9.0
 
8.8
 
8.3
 
8.0
 
..
 
Industry
%
22.0
 
21.0
 
21.7
 
22.5
 
21.7
 
21.6
 
22.0
 
..
 
Trade, transport, accomm., restaurants, communication
%
31.9
 
29.4
 
29.7
 
31.4
 
31.7
 
32.1
 
..
 
..
 
Finance, insurance, real estate, business
%
21.0
 
23.7
 
22.1
 
20.1
 
20.6
 
20.8
 
..
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 O - U)
%
11.4
 
12.4
 
12.4
 
12.0
 
12.1
 
12.1
 
..
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.3
 
-6.5
 
-2.9
 
-0.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
54.3
 
52.5
 
47.8
 
46.4
 
39.7
 
39.0
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
34.0
 
36.6
 
37.3
 
36.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
36.3
 
43.1
 
40.2
 
37.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.4
 
4.9
 
4.4
 
4.2
 
4.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
11.1
 
13.2
 
12.6
 
12.2
 
12.3
 
12.5
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
5.5
 
6.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
24.2
 
24.6
 
26.2
 
27.8
 
27.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
5.8
 
5.9
 
5.6
 
5.8
 
6.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.0
 
11.2
 
12.5
 
12.6
 
12.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
38.7
 
36.7
 
37.0
 
37.0
 
37.1
 
37.4
 
38.1
 
38.3
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
28.3
 
24.4
 
26.8
 
32.6
 
31.5
 
32.2
 
32.2
 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
23.9
 
23.3
 
21.2
 
24.0
 
26.3
 
25.6
 
27.7
 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
-71.6
 
..
 
-84.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
185.5
 
..
 
236.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
114.0
 
..
 
152.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
18.9
 
18.6
 
16.7
 
20.2
 
22.6
 
23.1
 
..
 
..
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
18.2
 
17.1
 
19.6
 
20.5
 
20.5
 
23.5
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
37.0
 
35.7
 
36.3
 
40.7
 
43.1
 
46.6
 
..
 
..
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-5.4
 
-1.9
 
-6.1
 
-9.6
 
-6.2
 
-7.9
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
22 509
 
27 681
 
29 668
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
80 385
 
143 690
 
186 937
 
136 445
 
187 382
 
145 470
 
..
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
19 760
 
8 629
 
9 058
 
16 171
 
13 224
 
12 872
 
..
 
..
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
2 549
 
1 554
 
1 464
 
2 349
 
4 074
 
3 114
 
..
 
..
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
10.4
 
6.3
 
8.6
 
6.5
 
8.9
 
7.5
 
8.9
 
7.7
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
7.1
 
5.7
 
7.2
 
5.9
 
8.1
 
6.8
 
8.6
 
8.1
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
12.8
 
8.0
 
10.6
 
6.2
 
8.4
 
9.1
 
12.6
 
11.1
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
22.4
 
5.1
 
10.5
 
9.9
 
13.9
 
7.5
 
2.5
 
-1.9
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
11.8
 
-0.6
 
6.0
 
13.3
 
5.5
 
4.5
 
11.4
 
6.0
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
TRY per USD
0.89
 
0.91
 
0.94
 
0.99
 
1.03
 
1.08
 
1.16
 
1.24
 
Exchange rates
TRY per USD
1.30
 
1.55
 
1.50
 
1.67
 
1.80
 
1.90
 
2.19
 
2.72
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
64
 
58
 
61
 
56
 
56
 
57
 
54
 
51
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
98.5
 
97.7
 
105.1
 
112.5
 
115.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.11
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
9.5
 
10.2
 
11.1
 
10.0
 
10.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
98.07
 
61.27
 
78.26
 
109.81
 
111.70
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exports of ICT goods
Mln USD
2 406
 
2 032
 
2 092
 
2 235
 
2 645
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
41.6
 
42.9
 
47.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
46 956
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
430
 
446
 
478
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
159
 
167
 
189
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
28 454
 
30 196
 
29 733
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
400
 
420
 
410
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
264
 
256
 
266
 
286
 
302
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
14.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
1 860
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
2 470
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
37.1
 
28.7
 
25.6
 
24.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
46.1
 
46.1
 
43.7
 
39.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
30.3
 
28.9
 
30.0
 
32.1
 
31.5
 
32.2
 
33.5
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
53.5
 
52.9
 
55.4
 
57.5
 
58.3
 
59.1
 
58.8
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
27.4
 
28.2
 
29.6
 
31.4
 
31.9
 
31.5
 
31.4
 
..
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
8.5
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.7
 
11.8
 
12.3
 
10.6
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
39.0
 
40.0
 
39.1
 
38.3
 
37.1
 
35.9
 
34.0
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
36.1
 
36.6
 
35.1
 
34.2
 
33.5
 
32.7
 
31.5
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
46.8
 
48.9
 
49.3
 
48.4
 
45.7
 
43.4
 
39.8
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
9.7
 
12.6
 
10.7
 
8.8
 
8.2
 
8.7
 
10.0
 
10.3
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
9.6
 
12.6
 
10.4
 
8.3
 
7.6
 
7.9
 
9.0
 
9.2
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
10.0
 
12.6
 
11.4
 
10.1
 
9.4
 
10.5
 
11.9
 
e 
12.7
 
e 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
26.9
 
25.3
 
28.6
 
26.5
 
24.9
 
24.4
 
20.6
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 900
 
1 881
 
1 877
 
1 864
 
1 855
 
1 832
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
8 160
 
9 092
 
9 859
 
10 929
 
11 972
 
12 783
 
14 023
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
2.5
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
71 052
 
72 039
 
73 142
 
74 224
 
75 176
 
76 055
 
76 903
 
77 738
 
Population growth rates
%
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertility rates
Children
2.2
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
26.3
 
26.1
 
25.8
 
25.4
 
25.1
 
24.7
 
24.3
 
23.8
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.1
 
7.3
 
7.4
 
7.6
 
7.8
 
8.1
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
9.6
 
12.5
 
10.3
 
..
 
7.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
7.9
 
13.9
 
11.8
 
..
 
11.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
10.0
 
12.5
 
11.3
 
..
 
9.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
9.3
 
16.2
 
13.8
 
..
 
12.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
73.9
 
74.1
 
74.3
 
74.6
 
74.6
 
e 
76.6
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
71.5
 
71.7
 
71.8
 
72.0
 
72.0
 
e 
73.7
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
76.2
 
76.5
 
76.8
 
77.1
 
77.2
 
e 
79.4
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
16.1
 
13.7
 
12.2
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
10.8
 
..
 
..
 
Obesity rate ages 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
16.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
229 076
 
231 892
 
241 463
 
259 439
 
265 155
 
261 939
 
261 815
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
211 195
 
217 838
 
232 404
 
248 147
 
263 472
 
271 953
 
280 466
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
60
 
61
 
56
 
52
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 27 April 2016; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2015-2016 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2015-en)
 

This table includes data for Turkeyon economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. The table is part of the key tables collection on country statistical profiles.

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Years covered:
2008-2015

Countries covered

  • Turkey
 
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