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The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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Country statistical profile: Turkey You or your institution have access to this content

English
Keywords:  Turkey
03 Oct 2017
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Annual
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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2017

Country statistical profile: Turkey 2017
‌‌
Unit
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
15 349
 
17 298
 
19 517
 
20 549
 
e 
22 314
 
e 
23 236
 
e 
24 324
 
e 
24 807
 
e 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
15 158
 
e 
17 146
 
e 
19 343
 
e 
20 387
 
e 
22 106
 
e 
23 025
 
e 
24 037
 
e 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
-4.7
 
8.5
 
11.1
 
4.8
 
8.5
 
5.2
 
6.1
 
3.2
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-20.5
 
22.5
 
23.8
 
2.7
 
13.8
 
5.1
 
9.3
 
2.2
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
9.1
 
10.3
 
9.4
 
8.8
 
7.7
 
7.5
 
7.8
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
20.7
 
21.0
 
22.5
 
21.9
 
22.4
 
22.7
 
22.4
 
..
 
Construction
%
6.3
 
6.9
 
8.2
 
8.5
 
9.2
 
9.2
 
9.3
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
24.4
 
24.1
 
24.5
 
25.0
 
24.9
 
25.2
 
25.2
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
3.0
 
2.8
 
2.6
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
2.7
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
4.2
 
3.3
 
3.1
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
..
 
Real estate
%
11.8
 
11.3
 
10.2
 
9.8
 
9.4
 
9.1
 
8.8
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
5.0
 
4.9
 
4.9
 
5.1
 
5.3
 
5.5
 
5.9
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
13.3
 
13.1
 
12.5
 
12.8
 
12.6
 
12.7
 
12.4
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-6.2
 
-2.7
 
-0.7
 
-0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
1.3
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
49.2
 
43.9
 
41.2
 
34.5
 
33.4
 
27.4
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
34.7
 
35.4
 
34.5
 
34.9
 
34.7
 
33.9
 
34.4
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.5
 
3.9
 
3.7
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.4
 
3.2
 
3.4
 
e 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.0
 
0.9
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
e 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
13.5
 
12.8
 
12.5
 
13.0
 
13.4
 
13.5
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
7.8
 
7.7
 
7.5
 
8.0
 
8.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.11
 
0.13
 
0.16
 
0.32
 
0.40
 
0.45
 
0.50
 
0.79
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
24.6
 
26.2
 
27.8
 
27.6
 
29.3
 
28.8
 
30.0
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
4.0
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
4.2
 
4.4
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
1.9
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.2
 
12.5
 
12.6
 
12.4
 
13.5
 
12.7
 
13.3
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
36.7
 
37.0
 
37.0
 
37.1
 
37.4
 
38.1
 
38.2
 
38.1
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
23.4
 
25.5
 
30.4
 
28.6
 
28.1
 
27.6
 
26.0
 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
22.6
 
20.4
 
22.3
 
23.7
 
22.3
 
23.8
 
23.3
 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-24.8
 
-56.3
 
-89.2
 
-65.4
 
-79.9
 
-63.6
 
-48.1
 
-40.8
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
134.5
 
177.3
 
231.6
 
227.3
 
241.7
 
232.5
 
200.1
 
191.0
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
109.7
 
121.0
 
142.4
 
161.9
 
161.8
 
168.9
 
152.0
 
150.2
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
18.7
 
16.7
 
20.3
 
22.6
 
23.7
 
26.8
 
24.2
 
15.4
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
16.9
 
19.4
 
20.6
 
20.6
 
24.5
 
25.1
 
22.7
 
22.2
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
35.6
 
36.2
 
40.9
 
43.2
 
48.2
 
51.9
 
46.9
 
37.6
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-1.6
 
-5.6
 
-8.9
 
-5.5
 
-6.7
 
-4.7
 
-3.7
 
-3.8
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
22 248
 
22 506
 
27 652
 
30 936
 
33 318
 
39 513
 
35 600
 
38 451
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
143 842
 
187 147
 
136 606
 
190 125
 
151 239
 
182 080
 
150 537
 
135 557
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
8 585
 
9 086
 
16 136
 
13 283
 
12 771
 
12 458
 
17 259
 
12 009
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
1 553
 
1 469
 
2 330
 
4 106
 
3 528
 
6 664
 
4 807
 
2 858
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
6.3
 
8.6
 
6.5
 
8.9
 
7.5
 
8.9
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
5.7
 
7.2
 
5.9
 
8.1
 
6.8
 
8.6
 
8.1
 
9.3
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
8.0
 
10.6
 
6.2
 
8.4
 
9.1
 
12.6
 
11.1
 
5.8
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
5.1
 
10.5
 
9.9
 
13.9
 
7.5
 
2.5
 
-1.9
 
2.7
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-0.6
 
6.0
 
13.3
 
5.5
 
4.5
 
11.4
 
6.0
 
5.6
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
AUD per USD
0.90
 
0.92
 
0.97
 
1.02
 
1.07
 
1.15
 
1.24
 
1.34
 
Exchange rates
AUD per USD
1.55
 
1.50
 
1.67
 
1.80
 
1.90
 
2.19
 
2.72
 
3.02
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
57
 
60
 
55
 
56
 
57
 
54
 
52
 
50
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
97.8
 
106.7
 
113.5
 
118.1
 
116.9
 
121.5
 
128.8
 
134.6
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.08
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
0.07
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
9 915.4
 
11 626.0
 
11 222.4
 
12 154.7
 
13 087.0
 
12 084.6
 
15 521.4
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
61.27
 
78.26
 
109.81
 
111.70
 
108.37
 
99.71
 
51.42
 
41.28
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
37.4
 
44.2
 
..
 
50.2
 
49.8
 
..
 
50.6
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
30.0
 
41.6
 
..
 
47.2
 
49.1
 
60.2
 
69.5
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
45 130
 
e 
46 956
 
e 
..
 
50 510
 
..
 
51 971
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
425
 
446
 
478
 
396
 
339
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
159
 
167
 
189
 
212
 
233
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
30 196
 
29 733
 
30 862
 
30 786
 
30 920
 
31 230
 
31 283
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
419
 
407
 
416
 
410
 
407
 
406
 
402
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
257
 
265
 
285
 
303
 
284
 
307
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
13
 
13
 
14
 
15
 
16
 
17
 
18
 
19
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
2 705
 
3 221
 
3 589
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
2 894
 
3 182
 
3 268
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
8 543
 
9 025
 
8 927
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
28.7
 
25.6
 
24.8
 
..
 
22.2
 
21.0
 
18.7
 
18.4
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
46.1
 
43.7
 
39.6
 
..
 
35.9
 
36.3
 
33.2
 
32.9
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
28.9
 
30.0
 
32.0
 
31.5
 
32.2
 
33.5
 
34.1
 
34.1
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
52.9
 
55.4
 
57.5
 
58.3
 
59.1
 
58.8
 
59.6
 
60.1
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
28.2
 
29.6
 
31.3
 
31.9
 
31.5
 
31.4
 
31.8
 
33.4
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.7
 
11.8
 
12.3
 
10.6
 
9.9
 
9.5
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
40.0
 
39.1
 
38.3
 
37.1
 
35.9
 
33.9
 
32.9
 
32.4
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
36.6
 
35.1
 
34.2
 
33.5
 
32.7
 
31.5
 
30.6
 
30.6
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
48.9
 
49.3
 
48.4
 
45.7
 
43.4
 
39.8
 
38.2
 
36.5
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
12.6
 
10.7
 
8.8
 
8.2
 
8.7
 
9.9
 
10.2
 
10.8
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
12.6
 
10.4
 
8.3
 
7.6
 
7.9
 
9.0
 
9.2
 
9.6
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
12.6
 
11.4
 
10.1
 
9.4
 
10.6
 
11.8
 
12.6
 
13.6
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
25.3
 
28.6
 
26.5
 
24.9
 
24.4
 
20.6
 
21.2
 
20.6
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 881
 
1 877
 
1 864
 
1 855
 
1 832
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
9 421
 
10 089
 
11 223
 
12 236
 
13 052
 
14 440
 
15 692
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
2.7
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
3.6
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
72 039
 
73 142
 
74 224
 
75 176
 
76 055
 
76 903
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.1
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
26.1
 
25.8
 
25.4
 
25.1
 
24.7
 
24.3
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
6.9
 
7.1
 
7.3
 
7.4
 
7.6
 
7.8
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
12.7
 
10.5
 
8.4
 
7.8
 
8.1
 
9.2
 
9.3
 
9.7
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
14.7
 
12.4
 
10.3
 
10.6
 
10.6
 
11.6
 
12.1
 
12.2
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
12.8
 
11.6
 
10.2
 
9.5
 
10.8
 
12.0
 
12.8
 
13.9
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
16.6
 
14.1
 
13.6
 
12.6
 
11.9
 
14.8
 
14.4
 
13.2
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
74.1
 
74.3
 
74.6
 
74.6
 
78.0
 
78.0
 
78.0
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
71.7
 
71.8
 
72.0
 
72.0
 
75.3
 
75.3
 
75.3
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
76.5
 
76.8
 
77.1
 
77.2
 
80.7
 
80.7
 
80.7
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
13.7
 
12.0
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
10.8
 
11.1
 
10.7
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
55.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
2.0
 
2.4
 
1.7
 
2.1
 
2.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
231 892
 
241 463
 
259 439
 
265 155
 
261 939
 
261 815
 
307 317
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
217 838
 
232 404
 
248 147
 
263 472
 
271 955
 
280 466
 
295 562
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
61
 
56
 
52
 
50
 
48
 
45
 
96
 
..
 
Last updated: 3 October 2017; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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e
Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).
 

This table includes data for Turkeyon economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. The table is part of the key tables collection on country statistical profiles.

Years covered: :
2009-2016

Countries covered: 

  • Turkey
 
Visit the OECD web site