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Country statistical profile: Turkey You or your institution have access to this content

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Keywords:  Turkey
08 Sep 2016
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DOI: :
10.1787/20752288-table-tur
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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2016

Country statistical profile: Turkey 2016
‌‌
Unit
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
15 021
 
14 491
 
16 012
 
17 692
 
18 437
 
e 
19 156
 
e 
19 610
 
e 
19 917
 
e 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
0.7
 
-4.8
 
9.2
 
8.8
 
2.1
 
4.2
 
3.0
 
4.0
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-6.2
 
-19.0
 
30.5
 
18.0
 
-2.7
 
4.4
 
-1.3
 
..
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
8.5
 
9.1
 
9.5
 
9.0
 
8.8
 
8.3
 
8.0
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
22.0
 
21.0
 
21.7
 
22.5
 
21.7
 
21.6
 
22.0
 
..
 
Construction
%
5.2
 
4.2
 
4.7
 
5.0
 
4.9
 
5.0
 
5.1
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
29.2
 
26.9
 
27.3
 
29.2
 
29.5
 
29.9
 
29.8
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
2.6
 
2.6
 
2.5
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
3.9
 
4.9
 
4.1
 
3.5
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
3.4
 
..
 
Real estate
%
12.7
 
13.9
 
12.9
 
11.6
 
11.3
 
11.2
 
11.0
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
4.9
 
5.2
 
5.4
 
5.3
 
5.6
 
5.8
 
6.2
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
9.3
 
10.3
 
10.3
 
9.9
 
10.5
 
10.5
 
10.7
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.3
 
-6.5
 
-2.9
 
-0.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
54.3
 
52.5
 
47.8
 
46.4
 
39.7
 
39.0
 
37.7
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
34.0
 
36.6
 
37.3
 
36.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
36.3
 
43.1
 
40.2
 
37.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
4.0
 
4.7
 
4.2
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
4.0
 
e 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
0.4
 
0.3
 
..
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
11.1
 
13.2
 
12.6
 
12.2
 
12.3
 
12.5
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
6.7
 
7.8
 
7.7
 
7.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.11
 
0.12
 
0.13
 
0.17
 
0.32
 
0.40
 
0.45
 
0.54
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
24.2
 
24.6
 
26.2
 
27.8
 
27.6
 
29.3
 
28.7
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
4.0
 
4.0
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
4.2
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
1.8
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.0
 
11.2
 
12.5
 
12.6
 
12.4
 
13.5
 
12.7
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
38.7
 
36.7
 
37.0
 
37.0
 
37.1
 
37.4
 
38.1
 
38.3
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
28.3
 
24.4
 
26.8
 
32.6
 
31.5
 
32.2
 
32.2
 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
23.9
 
23.3
 
21.2
 
24.0
 
26.3
 
25.6
 
27.7
 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-52.9
 
-24.8
 
-56.3
 
-89.2
 
-65.4
 
-79.9
 
-63.6
 
-47.9
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
193.8
 
134.5
 
177.3
 
231.6
 
227.3
 
241.7
 
232.5
 
199.9
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
140.9
 
109.7
 
121.0
 
142.4
 
161.9
 
161.8
 
168.9
 
152.0
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
18.8
 
18.5
 
16.6
 
20.1
 
22.6
 
23.7
 
26.8
 
24.0
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
18.2
 
17.1
 
19.6
 
20.7
 
21.0
 
24.5
 
25.1
 
22.7
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
36.9
 
35.6
 
36.2
 
40.9
 
43.6
 
48.2
 
51.9
 
46.7
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-5.3
 
-1.8
 
-6.1
 
-9.6
 
-6.1
 
-7.7
 
-5.5
 
-4.5
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
17 846
 
22 248
 
22 506
 
27 652
 
30 936
 
33 321
 
39 505
 
44 562
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
80 384
 
143 842
 
187 147
 
136 606
 
190 125
 
149 765
 
177 387
 
144 357
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
19 851
 
8 585
 
9 086
 
16 136
 
13 283
 
12 273
 
12 151
 
16 519
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
2 549
 
1 553
 
1 469
 
2 330
 
4 106
 
3 528
 
6 655
 
4 787
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
10.4
 
6.3
 
8.6
 
6.5
 
8.9
 
7.5
 
8.9
 
7.7
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
7.1
 
5.7
 
7.2
 
5.9
 
8.1
 
6.8
 
8.6
 
8.1
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
12.8
 
8.0
 
10.6
 
6.2
 
8.4
 
9.1
 
12.6
 
11.1
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
22.4
 
5.1
 
10.5
 
9.9
 
13.9
 
7.5
 
2.5
 
-1.9
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
11.8
 
-0.6
 
6.0
 
13.3
 
5.5
 
4.5
 
11.4
 
6.0
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
AUD per USD
0.89
 
0.91
 
0.94
 
0.99
 
1.03
 
1.08
 
1.16
 
1.27
 
Exchange rates
AUD per USD
1.30
 
1.55
 
1.50
 
1.67
 
1.80
 
1.90
 
2.19
 
2.72
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
64
 
58
 
61
 
56
 
56
 
57
 
54
 
52
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
98.7
 
97.8
 
106.7
 
113.5
 
118.2
 
116.9
 
121.5
 
129.7
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
9 311.2
 
9 915.4
 
11 626.0
 
11 222.4
 
12 154.7
 
14 058.1
 
11 128.3
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
98.07
 
61.27
 
78.26
 
109.81
 
111.70
 
108.37
 
99.71
 
51.42
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
33.4
 
37.4
 
44.2
 
..
 
50.2
 
49.8
 
..
 
50.6
 
Households with access to internet
%
25.4
 
30.0
 
41.6
 
..
 
47.2
 
49.1
 
60.2
 
69.5
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
42 008
 
45 130
 
e 
46 956
 
e 
..
 
50 510
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
453
 
425
 
446
 
478
 
396
 
339
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
152
 
159
 
167
 
189
 
212
 
233
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
28 454
 
30 196
 
29 733
 
30 862
 
30 786
 
30 920
 
31 230
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
400
 
419
 
407
 
416
 
410
 
407
 
406
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
265
 
257
 
265
 
285
 
303
 
284
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
13
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
17
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2 578
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2 904
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
7 779
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
25.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
21.0
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
43.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
36.3
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
30.3
 
28.9
 
30.0
 
32.0
 
31.5
 
32.2
 
33.5
 
34.1
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
53.4
 
52.9
 
55.4
 
57.5
 
58.3
 
59.1
 
58.8
 
59.6
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
27.5
 
28.2
 
29.6
 
31.3
 
31.9
 
31.5
 
31.4
 
31.8
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
8.5
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.7
 
11.8
 
12.3
 
10.6
 
9.9
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
39.0
 
40.0
 
39.1
 
38.3
 
37.1
 
35.9
 
34.0
 
33.0
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
36.1
 
36.6
 
35.1
 
34.2
 
33.5
 
32.7
 
31.5
 
30.7
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
46.8
 
48.9
 
49.3
 
48.4
 
45.7
 
43.4
 
39.8
 
38.3
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
9.7
 
12.6
 
10.7
 
8.8
 
8.2
 
8.7
 
9.9
 
10.2
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
9.6
 
12.6
 
10.4
 
8.3
 
7.6
 
7.9
 
9.0
 
9.2
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
10.0
 
12.6
 
11.4
 
10.1
 
9.4
 
10.6
 
11.8
 
12.6
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
26.9
 
25.3
 
28.6
 
26.5
 
24.9
 
24.4
 
20.6
 
21.2
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 900
 
1 881
 
1 877
 
1 864
 
1 855
 
1 832
 
1 832
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
8 160
 
9 092
 
9 859
 
10 929
 
11 972
 
12 783
 
14 023
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
2.5
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
3.0
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
71 052
 
72 039
 
73 142
 
74 224
 
75 176
 
76 055
 
76 903
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.1
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
2.2
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
26.3
 
26.1
 
25.8
 
25.4
 
25.1
 
24.7
 
24.3
 
..
 
Eldery population aged 65 and over
% of population
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.1
 
7.3
 
7.4
 
7.6
 
7.8
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
9.8
 
12.7
 
10.5
 
8.4
 
7.8
 
8.1
 
9.2
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
8.6
 
14.7
 
12.4
 
10.3
 
11.0
 
10.2
 
10.5
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
10.2
 
12.8
 
11.6
 
10.2
 
9.5
 
10.8
 
12.0
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
9.4
 
16.6
 
14.1
 
13.6
 
12.6
 
11.5
 
14.7
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
73.9
 
74.1
 
74.3
 
74.6
 
74.6
 
e 
78.0
 
78.0
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
71.5
 
71.7
 
71.8
 
72.0
 
72.0
 
75.3
 
75.3
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
76.2
 
76.5
 
76.8
 
77.1
 
77.2
 
80.7
 
80.7
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
15.7
 
13.7
 
12.0
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
10.8
 
11.1
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
55.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
2.0
 
2.4
 
1.7
 
2.1
 
2.6
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
229 076
 
231 892
 
241 463
 
259 439
 
265 155
 
261 939
 
261 815
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
211 195
 
217 838
 
232 404
 
248 147
 
263 472
 
271 953
 
280 466
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
60
 
61
 
56
 
53
 
51
 
49
 
47
 
..
 
Last updated: 8 September 2016; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org). For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2015-2016 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2015-en).
 

This table includes data for Turkeyon economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. The table is part of the key tables collection on country statistical profiles.

Related titles placeholder
Years covered: :
2008-2015

Countries covered: 

  • Turkey
 
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