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The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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Country statistical profile: Turkey You or your institution have access to this content

Keywords Turkey
18 Jan 2012
Update frequency:
Annual
DOI:
10.1787/csp-tur-table-2011-1-en
Also available in French
 
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Country statistical profile: Turkey 2011-2012
‌‌
Unit
‌2003‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
587.8
 
688.6
 
781.2
 
894.6
 
976.4
 
1 063.5
 
1 022.3
 
1 116.0
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
8 790
 
10 166
 
11 391
 
12 887
 
13 897
 
14 962
 
14 218
 
15 320
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
5.3
 
9.4
 
8.4
 
6.9
 
4.7
 
0.7
 
-4.8
 
8.9
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
14.2
 
28.4
 
17.4
 
13.3
 
3.1
 
-6.2
 
-19.0
 
29.9
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-2.0
 
2.8
 
7.2
 
1.4
 
-6.7
 
4.3
 
3.6
 
1.6
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
7.8
 
11.3
 
8.6
 
8.3
 
5.8
 
0.3
 
-6.9
 
12.9
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
-0.2
 
2.4
 
2.3
 
3.8
 
3.1
 
1.4
 
1.9
 
0.8
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.8
 
-1.2
 
-2.2
 
-6.7
 
-4.6
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
34.0
 
33.4
 
32.0
 
32.7
 
32.5
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
33.2
 
34.5
 
34.2
 
39.4
 
37.1
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.8
 
3.8
 
3.7
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
4.4
 
..
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
9.9
 
10.0
 
10.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
5.9
 
5.8
 
6.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
25.9
 
24.1
 
24.3
 
24.5
 
24.1
 
24.2
 
24.6
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
6.1
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
12.8
 
11.5
 
12.0
 
11.9
 
11.5
 
11.0
 
11.2
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
42.2
 
42.8
 
42.8
 
42.7
 
42.7
 
39.9
 
37.4
 
37.4
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
24.0
 
26.2
 
25.4
 
27.6
 
27.5
 
28.3
 
24.4
 
26.6
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
23.0
 
23.6
 
21.9
 
22.7
 
22.3
 
23.9
 
23.3
 
21.1
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-22.1
 
-34.4
 
-43.3
 
-54.0
 
-62.8
 
-70.0
 
-38.8
 
-71.6
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
69.3
 
97.5
 
116.8
 
139.6
 
170.1
 
202.0
 
140.9
 
185.5
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
47.3
 
63.1
 
73.5
 
85.5
 
107.3
 
132.0
 
102.1
 
114.0
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
10.5
 
12.8
 
15.2
 
13.6
 
13.3
 
17.3
 
16.7
 
14.2
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
7.4
 
10.1
 
11.7
 
12.0
 
15.6
 
17.8
 
16.7
 
19.4
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
18.0
 
22.9
 
26.9
 
25.5
 
28.9
 
35.1
 
33.5
 
33.6
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-2.5
 
e 
-3.7
 
e 
-4.6
 
e 
-6.1
 
e 
-5.9
 
e 
-5.6
 
e 
-2.2
 
e 
-6.5
 
e 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12 210
 
17 846
 
22 338
 
21 570
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
154 022
 
80 227
 
143 590
 
185 780
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
780
 
1 064
 
924
 
2 106
 
2 549
 
1 554
 
1 464
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
2 785
 
10 031
 
20 185
 
22 047
 
19 504
 
8 409
 
9 258
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
21.6
 
8.6
 
8.2
 
9.6
 
8.8
 
10.4
 
6.3
 
8.6
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
21.8
 
10.3
 
8.5
 
9.2
 
7.5
 
7.1
 
5.7
 
7.2
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
22.7
 
6.8
 
4.9
 
9.7
 
12.4
 
12.8
 
8.0
 
10.6
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
18.2
 
4.7
 
14.7
 
11.3
 
6.3
 
22.4
 
5.1
 
10.5
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
23.8
 
11.0
 
9.6
 
9.3
 
5.6
 
11.8
 
-0.6
 
6.0
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
TRY per USD
0.77
 
0.81
 
0.83
 
0.85
 
0.86
 
0.89
 
0.93
 
0.99
 
Exchange rates
TRY per USD
1.50
 
1.43
 
1.34
 
1.43
 
1.30
 
1.30
 
1.55
 
1.50
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
53
 
56
 
61
 
59
 
64
 
65
 
59
 
64
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
77.8
 
80.9
 
84.4
 
93.0
 
100.0
 
98.5
 
97.7
 
104.8
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
1.16
 
1.19
 
1.23
 
1.34
 
1.42
 
1.39
 
1.36
 
1.44
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
12.9
 
13.3
 
12.0
 
11.1
 
9.6
 
9.5
 
10.2
 
11.0
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
27.05
 
34.90
 
50.65
 
61.48
 
68.59
 
98.07
 
61.27
 
78.26
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
10.9
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
7.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
650
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
630
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
463
 
484
 
523
 
489
 
589
 
443
 
0
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
80
 
94
 
118
 
129
 
140
 
152
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
28 010
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
460
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
390
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
202
 
207
 
216
 
240
 
265
 
264
 
256
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12.7
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: non-tertiary, 2008 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2008 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
30.5
 
30.0
 
30.2
 
30.3
 
30.2
 
30.3
 
28.9
 
30.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
54.0
 
52.6
 
53.0
 
53.2
 
53.2
 
53.5
 
52.9
 
55.4
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
32.7
 
29.5
 
28.0
 
27.6
 
27.1
 
27.4
 
28.2
 
29.6
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
6.0
 
6.1
 
5.6
 
7.6
 
8.1
 
8.5
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
49.4
 
45.5
 
43.0
 
41.1
 
39.6
 
39.0
 
40.0
 
39.1
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
44.5
 
42.2
 
40.0
 
38.3
 
36.8
 
36.1
 
36.6
 
35.1
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
61.9
 
55.1
 
51.7
 
49.2
 
47.6
 
46.8
 
48.9
 
49.3
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
..
 
..
 
9.2
 
8.7
 
8.8
 
9.7
 
12.5
 
10.6
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
..
 
..
 
9.2
 
8.6
 
8.7
 
9.6
 
12.5
 
10.4
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
..
 
..
 
9.3
 
9.1
 
9.1
 
10.1
 
12.6
 
11.4
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
24.4
 
39.2
 
39.4
 
35.7
 
30.3
 
26.9
 
25.3
 
28.6
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
27.9
 
20.7
 
7.1
 
10.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 943
 
1 918
 
1 936
 
1 944
 
1 911
 
1 900
 
1 881
 
1 877
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
0.48
 
0.52
 
0.59
 
0.58
 
0.72
 
0.73
 
0.85
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
1.7
 
1.7
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.7
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
66 873
 
67 734
 
68 582
 
69 421
 
70 256
 
71 079
 
71 897
 
72 698
 
Population growth rates
%
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.1
 
Total fertility rates
Children
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
28.3
 
28.0
 
27.7
 
27.4
 
27.0
 
26.5
 
26.1
 
25.8
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
6.7
 
6.6
 
6.6
 
6.6
 
6.7
 
7.5
 
7.6
 
7.7
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12.7
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
14.7
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
12.8
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
16.6
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
72.2
 
72.5
 
73.0
 
73.2
 
73.3
 
73.6
 
73.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
70.1
 
70.5
 
70.9
 
71.1
 
71.1
 
71.4
 
71.5
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
74.3
 
74.6
 
75.0
 
75.3
 
75.6
 
75.8
 
76.1
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
22.8
 
20.5
 
18.4
 
16.9
 
15.9
 
14.9
 
13.1
 
..
 
Overweight and obese aged 15 and over
% of population
43.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
47.6
 
..
 
..
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
32.8
 
35.3
 
36.1
 
35.0
 
34.5
 
37.1
 
28.7
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
47.8
 
47.8
 
49.7
 
48.8
 
46.3
 
46.1
 
46.1
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
178 959
 
178 197
 
181 719
 
192 916
 
204 145
 
229 076
 
231 892
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
170 189
 
179 475
 
187 188
 
192 870
 
214 668
 
211 195
 
217 838
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
56
 
62
 
62
 
62
 
68
 
57
 
58
 
..
 
Last updated: 18 January 2012
..
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Estimated value
Note: e: Estimated value, |: Break
Source: OECD Factbook statistics.
For explanatory notes, seeOECD Factbook 2011-2012(DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2011-en)
 

This table includes data for Turkeyon economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. The table is part of the key tables collection on country statistical profiles.

Related titles placeholder
Years covered:
2003-2010

Countries covered

  • Turkey
 
Visit the OECD web site