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The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

Also available in: French
 
 

Country statistical profile: Turkey You or your institution have access to this content

Keywords: Turkey
27 May 2010
Update frequency:
Annual
DOI:
10.1787/20752288-2010-table-tur
Also available in: French
 
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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2010

 Country statistical profile: Turkey 2010
 
 
 
Unit
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
 
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
561.1
 
572.1
 
587.7
 
688.5
 
781.2
 
873.7
 
938.7
 
991.7
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
8 615
 
8 667
 
8 789
 
10 164
 
11 391
 
12 585
 
13 362
 
13 952
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
-5.7
 
6.2
 
5.3
 
9.4
 
8.4
 
6.9
 
4.7
 
0.9
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
15.9
 
16.7
 
17.0
 
20.3
 
21.0
 
22.3
 
21.4
 
19.9
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-7.9
 
8.8
 
-2.0
 
2.8
 
7.2
 
1.4
 
-6.7
 
3.5
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
-9.1
 
4.6
 
7.8
 
11.8
 
8.7
 
10.2
 
5.8
 
-0.7
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
-0.2
 
4.4
 
3.7
 
9.6
 
8.6
 
7.2
 
6.4
 
2.7
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.8
 
4.1
 
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
..
 
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.6
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
13.5
 
13.6
 
13.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
26.1
 
24.6
 
25.9
 
24.1
 
24.3
 
24.5
 
23.7
 
23.5
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
7.5
 
6.1
 
6.1
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.6
 
5.7
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
10.5
 
11.5
 
12.8
 
11.5
 
12.0
 
11.9
 
11.3
 
10.8
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
43.6
 
42.5
 
42.2
 
42.8
 
42.8
 
42.7
 
42.7
 
39.7
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
25.4
 
24.4
 
23.5
 
24.9
 
23.6
 
25.1
 
24.9
 
26.1
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-10.1
 
-15.5
 
-22.1
 
-34.4
 
-43.3
 
-54.0
 
-62.8
 
-70.0
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
41.4
 
51.3
 
69.3
 
97.5
 
116.8
 
139.6
 
170.1
 
202.0
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
31.3
 
35.8
 
47.3
 
63.1
 
73.5
 
85.5
 
107.3
 
132.0
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
9.1
 
7.9
 
10.5
 
12.8
 
15.3
 
13.7
 
13.3
 
17.5
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
6.1
 
6.1
 
7.4
 
10.1
 
11.4
 
11.7
 
15.3
 
17.3
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
15.2
 
14.0
 
18.0
 
22.9
 
26.8
 
25.4
 
28.6
 
34.8
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
1.9
 
-0.3
 
-2.5
 
-3.7
 
-4.6
 
-6.0
 
-5.9
 
-5.7
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
7 060
 
8 315
 
8 866
 
12 210
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
38 523
 
71 299
 
95 078
 
157 649
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
3 352
 
1 082
 
1 702
 
2 785
 
10 031
 
20 185
 
22 046
 
18 171
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
497
 
143
 
480
 
780
 
1 064
 
924
 
2 106
 
2 585
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
54.4
 
45.0
 
21.6
 
8.6
 
8.2
 
9.6
 
8.8
 
10.4
 
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
51.1
 
43.2
 
21.8
 
10.3
 
8.5
 
9.2
 
7.5
 
7.1
 
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
49.1
 
49.6
 
22.7
 
6.8
 
4.9
 
9.7
 
12.4
 
12.8
 
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
92.2
 
45.7
 
18.2
 
4.7
 
14.7
 
11.3
 
6.3
 
22.4
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
66.7
 
48.3
 
23.8
 
11.0
 
 |
9.6
 
9.3
 
5.6
 
11.8
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
TRY per USD
0.43
 
0.61
 
0.77
 
0.81
 
0.83
 
0.87
 
0.90
 
0.96
 
 
Exchange rates
TRY per USD
1.23
 
1.51
 
1.50
 
1.43
 
1.34
 
1.43
 
1.30
 
1.30
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
39
 
45
 
53
 
56
 
61
 
60
 
66
 
68
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
70.4
 
74.2
 
77.8
 
80.9
 
84.4
 
93.0
 
100.0
 
96.5
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
1.03
 
1.07
 
1.10
 
1.13
 
1.17
 
1.27
 
1.35
 
1.29
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.11
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
13.3
 
13.5
 
12.9
 
13.3
 
12.0
 
11.2
 
9.6
 
9.5
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
22.98
 
23.57
 
27.05
 
34.90
 
50.65
 
61.48
 
68.59
 
98.07
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
11.8
 
..
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
7.0
 
7.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
42 377
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
484
 
523
 
463
 
505
 
380
 
489
 
589
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
67
 
61
 
79
 
94
 
118
 
129
 
140
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
30 000
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
430
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
182
 
192
 
202
 
207
 
216
 
240
 
265
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
10.8
 
..
 
 
Tertiary entry rates in peer age groups
%
20.4
 
22.6
 
23.3
 
25.6
 
27.0
 
31.0
 
29.0
 
..
 
 
Tertiary graduation rates in population at graduation age
%
9.4
 
10.3
 
10.5
 
10.8
 
11.2
 
15.2
 
..
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
35.3
 
33.0
 
30.5
 
31.6
 
31.2
 
30.8
 
30.2
 
30.3
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
55.5
 
54.6
 
54.0
 
54.1
 
54.1
 
54.2
 
53.2
 
53.5
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
35.9
 
35.3
 
32.7
 
33.1
 
30.8
 
30.1
 
27.1
 
27.4
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
6.2
 
6.6
 
6.0
 
6.6
 
5.8
 
7.9
 
8.4
 
8.4
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
52.8
 
50.2
 
49.4
 
49.2
 
45.8
 
43.5
 
39.6
 
39.0
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
47.5
 
45.1
 
44.5
 
45.0
 
42.2
 
40.0
 
36.8
 
36.1
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
66.8
 
63.0
 
61.9
 
60.7
 
56.2
 
53.3
 
47.6
 
46.8
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.4
 
8.6
 
9.8
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.4
 
8.6
 
9.7
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.4
 
8.6
 
10.0
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
21.3
 
29.4
 
24.4
 
39.2
 
39.6
 
35.8
 
30.3
 
26.9
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
43.6
 
37.8
 
27.9
 
16.5
 
6.2
 
10.4
 
 |
..
 
..
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 942
 
1 943
 
1 943
 
1 918
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
0.54
 
0.53
 
0.48
 
0.52
 
0.59
 
0.58
 
0.72
 
..
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
2.4
 
..
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
68 367
 
69 304
 
70 231
 
71 151
 
72 065
 
72 971
 
73 875
 
 |
74 767
 
 
Population growth rates
%
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
..
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
2.3
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
29.7
 
29.4
 
29.1
 
28.8
 
28.4
 
28.1
 
27.7
 
27.3
 
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
5.4
 
5.5
 
5.6
 
5.7
 
5.9
 
6.0
 
6.0
 
6.1
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
71.5
 
71.9
 
72.2
 
72.6
 
73.0
 
73.2
 
73.4
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
69.4
 
69.8
 
70.1
 
70.5
 
70.9
 
71.1
 
71.1
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
73.5
 
73.9
 
74.3
 
74.6
 
75.0
 
75.3
 
75.6
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
27.8
 
26.7
 
28.7
 
24.6
 
23.6
 
22.3
 
20.7
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
44.2
 
45.3
 
47.8
 
47.8
 
47.1
 
46.3
 
45.7
 
..
 
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
32.3
 
32.9
 
32.8
 
35.3
 
37.7
 
34.3
 
36.1
 
..
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
8 769
 
9 859
 
8 983
 
10 962
 
12 937
 
11 883
 
14 788
 
..
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
45
 
62
 
56
 
62
 
62
 
62
 
68
 
57
 
Note:  e: Estimated value, |: Break Last updated 27 May 2010
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2010 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2010-en)
 

This table includes data for Turkeyon economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. The table is part of the key tables collection on country statistical profiles.

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Years covered:
2001-2008

Countries covered

  • Turkey