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The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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Country statistical profile: Germany You or your institution have access to this content

Keywords: Germany
27 May 2010
Update frequency:
Annual
DOI:
10.1787/20752288-2010-table-deu
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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2010

 Country statistical profile: Germany 2010
 
 
 
Unit
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
 
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
2 211.6
 
2 275.4
 
2 357.0
 
2 466.4
 
2 586.5
 
2 710.2
 
2 853.2
 
2 909.7
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
26 859
 
27 587
 
28 563
 
29 895
 
31 366
 
32 905
 
34 683
 
35 432
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
26 592
 
27 246
 
28 364
 
30 182
 
31 738
 
33 602
 
35 390
 
36 017
 
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
2.1
 
-0.4
 
0.5
 
0.2
 
0.6
 
1.0
 
-0.2
 
0.6
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
1.2
 
0.0
 
-0.2
 
1.2
 
0.8
 
3.2
 
2.5
 
1.3
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
9.4
 
9.9
 
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.5
 
10.5
 
10.8
 
11.2
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
20.0
 
18.3
 
17.9
 
17.5
 
17.4
 
18.2
 
18.8
 
19.0
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
3.8
 
-7.0
 
-5.5
 
29.4
 
-12.5
 
-3.2
 
-1.5
 
3.8
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
-0.1
 
-1.8
 
-0.4
 
3.4
 
0.5
 
4.6
 
1.7
 
0.6
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
2.1
 
1.3
 
0.1
 
0.5
 
1.3
 
2.6
 
3.4
 
1.7
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.8
 
-3.6
 
-4.0
 
-3.8
 
-3.3
 
-1.6
 
0.2
 
0.0
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
59.7
 
62.1
 
65.3
 
68.7
 
71.1
 
69.2
 
65.3
 
68.8
 
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
44.7
 
44.4
 
44.4
 
43.5
 
43.6
 
43.7
 
43.8
 
43.8
 
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
47.5
 
48.0
 
48.4
 
47.3
 
46.9
 
45.3
 
43.6
 
43.8
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
8.3
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.1
 
8.2
 
8.1
 
8.0
 
..
 
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.4
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
27.3
 
26.7
 
26.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
3.1
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
10.6
 
10.9
 
11.0
 
11.0
 
11.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.27
 
0.27
 
0.28
 
0.28
 
0.36
 
0.36
 
0.37
 
0.38
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
36.1
 
35.4
 
35.5
 
34.8
 
34.8
 
35.6
 
36.2
 
36.4
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
10.4
 
9.9
 
9.7
 
9.5
 
9.8
 
10.8
 
11.3
 
11.6
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
10.4
 
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.1
 
10.1
 
10.1
 
10.6
 
10.5
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
53.0
 
53.5
 
54.2
 
53.2
 
53.1
 
53.3
 
52.6
 
52.0
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
33.8
 
33.4
 
33.7
 
35.9
 
38.5
 
42.5
 
43.4
 
44.1
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
85.7
 
125.6
 
146.8
 
193.6
 
198.0
 
199.7
 
269.5
 
261.9
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
486.3
 
490.1
 
601.8
 
718.2
 
779.8
 
922.2
 
1 059.3
 
1 204.2
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
572.0
 
615.6
 
748.5
 
911.8
 
977.1
 
1 122.0
 
1 328.8
 
1 466.1
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-54.1
 
-43.2
 
 |
-50.7
 
-51.1
 
-46.7
 
-34.1
 
-37.3
 
-40.9
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
142.7
 
145.5
 
173.8
 
196.9
 
210.2
 
224.0
 
259.2
 
285.7
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
88.6
 
102.3
 
 |
123.1
 
145.8
 
163.5
 
189.9
 
221.9
 
244.8
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
0.0
 
2.1
 
1.9
 
4.7
 
5.1
 
6.5
 
7.9
 
6.7
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
814 671
 
830 650
 
1 012 236
 
1 248 883
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
719 261
 
647 936
 
800 237
 
1 001 709
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
26 419
 
53 571
 
32 398
 
-10 195
 
47 411
 
57 175
 
56 415
 
24 891
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
39 691
 
18 963
 
5 827
 
20 559
 
75 848
 
127 287
 
179 572
 
156 160
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
2.0
 
1.4
 
1.0
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
2.3
 
2.6
 
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.3
 
1.6
 
0.9
 
1.7
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
1.9
 
1.3
 
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
4.5
 
0.8
 
-0.1
 
-0.3
 
0.1
 
2.0
 
3.8
 
6.1
 
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
6.0
 
0.2
 
3.9
 
4.1
 
9.9
 
8.5
 
4.0
 
9.6
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
1.3
 
0.2
 
0.6
 
1.7
 
2.4
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
3.1
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
4.80
 
4.78
 
4.07
 
4.04
 
3.35
 
3.76
 
4.22
 
3.98
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.96
 
0.94
 
0.92
 
0.90
 
0.87
 
0.86
 
0.85
 
0.86
 
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
1.12
 
1.06
 
0.89
 
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.80
 
0.73
 
0.68
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
96
 
98
 
106
 
109
 
106
 
106
 
111
 
116
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
347.4
 
339.3
 
342.1
 
343.5
 
338.7
 
341.2
 
331.3
 
334.8
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
4.22
 
4.11
 
4.15
 
4.16
 
4.11
 
4.14
 
4.03
 
4.07
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.15
 
0.15
 
0.14
 
0.14
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
3.5
 
3.8
 
4.3
 
4.9
 
5.2
 
6.1
 
8.6
 
8.4
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
24.15
 
24.40
 
28.44
 
36.65
 
52.30
 
63.29
 
71.60
 
96.70
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
17.8
 
17.0
 
15.3
 
14.8
 
14.4
 
14.0
 
14.1
 
13.4
 
 
ICT related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
21.6
 
..
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
36.0
 
46.1
 
54.1
 
60.0
 
61.6
 
67.1
 
70.7
 
74.9
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
35 555
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
179
 
182
 
222
 
223
 
246
 
259
 
262
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
43
 
50
 
64
 
57
 
57
 
45
 
52
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
47 890
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
580
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
845
 
833
 
842
 
843
 
811
 
823
 
798
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
24.3
 
..
 
 
Tertiary entry rates in peer age groups
%
32.4
 
35.1
 
35.7
 
37.5
 
36.1
 
35.3
 
34.4
 
..
 
 
Tertiary graduation rates in population at graduation age
%
18.1
 
18.1
 
18.3
 
19.2
 
19.9
 
21.2
 
23.4
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
47.0
 
44.8
 
42.4
 
41.9
 
42.6
 
44.0
 
45.9
 
47.2
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
79.3
 
78.8
 
78.2
 
78.1
 
77.4
 
78.8
 
80.3
 
81.0
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
37.9
 
38.6
 
39.0
 
41.8
 
45.5
 
48.1
 
51.3
 
53.8
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
18.3
 
18.8
 
19.6
 
20.1
 
21.8
 
22.0
 
22.2
 
22.1
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
11.1
 
11.2
 
11.4
 
12.1
 
12.4
 
12.2
 
12.0
 
11.7
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
13.4
 
13.6
 
14.0
 
14.9
 
14.9
 
14.7
 
14.4
 
14.1
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
8.3
 
8.2
 
8.4
 
8.8
 
9.4
 
9.3
 
9.2
 
8.9
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
7.6
 
8.4
 
9.3
 
9.8
 
10.6
 
9.8
 
8.4
 
7.3
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
7.8
 
8.8
 
9.9
 
10.3
 
11.2
 
10.2
 
8.5
 
7.4
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
7.4
 
7.9
 
8.7
 
9.1
 
10.0
 
9.4
 
8.3
 
7.2
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
50.4
 
47.9
 
50.0
 
51.8
 
54.1
 
57.3
 
56.6
 
53.4
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
2.4
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
0.1
 
0.6
 
1.2
 
0.8
 
2.2
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 458
 
1 445
 
1 439
 
1 442
 
1 434
 
1 430
 
1 431
 
1 430
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
2.46
 
2.49
 
2.52
 
2.49
 
2.49
 
2.53
 
2.53
 
..
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.7
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
7.2
 
7.3
 
..
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
82 350
 
82 488
 
82 534
 
82 516
 
82 469
 
82 376
 
82 247
 
 |
82 772
 
 
Population growth rates
%
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
-0.0
 
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
-0.2
 
..
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
15.4
 
15.2
 
14.9
 
14.6
 
14.3
 
14.0
 
13.8
 
13.8
 
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
16.9
 
17.3
 
17.7
 
18.3
 
18.9
 
19.5
 
19.9
 
20.1
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
3.3
 
2.7
 
1.7
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
0.3
 
0.5
 
..
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
12.6
 
12.8
 
12.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
8.9
 
8.9
 
8.9
 
8.2
 
8.2
 
8.2
 
8.2
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
9.3
 
10.3
 
10.6
 
9.4
 
7.7
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
16.9
 
18.3
 
17.5
 
16.6
 
14.9
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
8.8
 
9.6
 
10.2
 
9.3
 
8.1
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
14.0
 
15.2
 
16.3
 
15.8
 
13.5
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
78.5
 
78.5
 
78.6
 
79.2
 
79.4
 
79.8
 
80.0
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
75.6
 
75.7
 
75.8
 
76.5
 
76.7
 
77.2
 
77.4
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
81.5
 
81.3
 
81.3
 
81.9
 
82.0
 
82.4
 
82.7
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
4.3
 
4.2
 
4.2
 
4.1
 
3.9
 
3.8
 
3.9
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
9.1
 
..
 
..
 
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
16.4
 
15.9
 
15.6
 
17.5
 
18.7
 
16.7
 
15.2
 
..
 
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
5.1
 
4.7
 
4.7
 
3.6
 
4.4
 
4.2
 
4.2
 
..
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
15 754
 
15 672
 
15 979
 
17 620
 
18 761
 
20 630
 
21 449
 
..
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
85
 
83
 
80
 
71
 
65
 
62
 
60
 
55
 
Note:  |: Break Last updated 27 May 2010
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2010 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2010-en)
 

This table includes data for Germany on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. The table is part of the key tables collection on country statistical profiles.

Related titles placeholder
Years covered:
2001-2008

Countries covered

  • Germany