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The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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Country statistical profile: European Union You or your institution have access to this content

English
Keywords:  European Union
05 Apr 2017
Update frequency:
Annual
DOI: :
10.1787/20752288-table-eu
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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2017

Country statistical profile: European Union 2017
‌‌
Unit
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
32 234
 
33 333
 
34 650
 
35 180
 
36 415
 
37 533
 
38 676
 
38 918
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
32 183
 
33 379
 
34 682
 
35 199
 
36 411
 
37 420
 
38 375
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
-4.4
 
2.1
 
1.7
 
-0.5
 
0.2
 
1.6
 
2.2
 
1.9
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-12.0
 
0.1
 
1.9
 
-2.5
 
-1.5
 
2.6
 
3.5
 
..
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Industry including energy
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Construction
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information, communication
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Finance and insurance
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Real estate
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.0
 
2.1
 
3.1
 
2.6
 
1.5
 
0.5
 
0.0
 
0.3
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.6
 
1.3
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.2
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
1.0
 
1.1
 
3.4
 
3.0
 
2.6
 
-0.2
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
-5.1
 
7.2
 
11.3
 
7.1
 
0.7
 
-1.6
 
-6.6
 
-4.5
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-4.5
 
3.3
 
5.6
 
2.2
 
0.0
 
-0.9
 
-2.6
 
-1.2
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
AUD per USD
0.76
 
0.76
 
0.75
 
0.76
 
0.73
 
0.73
 
0.75
 
0.74
 
Exchange rates
AUD per USD
0.72
 
0.76
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
104
 
99
 
100
 
96
 
99
 
100
 
94
 
94
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
1 660.3
 
1 725.2
 
1 658.2
 
1 645.3
 
1 626.4
 
1 565.0
 
..
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.09
 
..
 
..
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
156 390.4
 
173 814.9
 
170 949.2
 
187 210.9
 
197 814.1
 
201 283.0
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
3 504
 
3 612
 
3 463
 
3 425
 
3 348
 
3 160
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
34.8
 
33.8
 
33.3
 
32.5
 
32.1
 
32.4
 
33.1
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
78.0
 
77.7
 
77.7
 
77.3
 
76.9
 
77.4
 
78.0
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
45.9
 
46.2
 
47.2
 
48.7
 
50.1
 
51.8
 
53.3
 
..
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
16.3
 
16.6
 
16.9
 
17.2
 
17.5
 
17.3
 
17.2
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
16.6
 
16.8
 
16.7
 
16.7
 
16.5
 
16.4
 
16.1
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
20.0
 
20.4
 
20.2
 
20.2
 
20.1
 
20.0
 
19.6
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
12.5
 
12.6
 
12.4
 
12.4
 
12.3
 
12.2
 
12.0
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
8.9
 
9.5
 
9.6
 
10.4
 
10.8
 
10.2
 
9.4
 
..
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
8.9
 
9.6
 
9.5
 
10.4
 
10.8
 
10.1
 
9.3
 
..
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
8.8
 
9.5
 
9.7
 
10.5
 
10.9
 
10.3
 
9.5
 
..
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
33.0
 
39.5
 
42.5
 
44.1
 
46.9
 
49.2
 
48.5
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
0.4
 
4.0
 
1.7
 
3.7
 
1.2
 
1.6
 
3.1
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
301 985
 
308 253
 
320 341
 
326 037
 
328 093
 
337 497
 
344 492
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.8
 
7.1
 
7.2
 
7.5
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
7.9
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
502 630
 
503 833
 
505 035
 
506 100
 
506 736
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.4
 
17.5
 
17.7
 
18.0
 
18.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
8.3
 
9.1
 
9.1
 
9.9
 
10.3
 
9.7
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
14.7
 
14.7
 
14.5
 
15.4
 
15.9
 
14.6
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
8.3
 
9.0
 
9.1
 
9.9
 
10.3
 
9.8
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
13.6
 
14.4
 
14.9
 
15.6
 
16.2
 
15.2
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 5 April 2017; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
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Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org). For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2015-2016 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2015-en).

 

This table includes data for European Union on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. The table is part of the key tables collection on country statistical profiles.

Years covered: :
2009-2016

Countries covered: 

  • European Union
 
Visit the OECD web site