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The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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Country statistical profile: European Union You or your institution have access to this content

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Keywords:  European Union
26 Apr 2016
Update frequency:
Annual
DOI: :
10.1787/20752288-table-eu
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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2016

Country statistical profile: European Union 2016
‌‌
Unit
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
33 237
 
32 450
 
33 316
 
34 610
 
35 100
 
36 213
 
36 920
 
..
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
32 882
 
32 328
 
33 279
 
34 584
 
35 137
 
36 171
 
36 798
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
1.0
 
1.2
 
-0.7
 
-0.4
 
-1.1
 
-0.1
 
0.3
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
0.5
 
-4.4
 
2.1
 
1.8
 
-0.5
 
0.2
 
1.4
 
1.9
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
4.5
 
6.9
 
5.8
 
4.9
 
4.7
 
4.6
 
3.8
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
-0.8
 
-11.9
 
0.1
 
1.9
 
-2.5
 
-1.7
 
2.7
 
3.3
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
1.7
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
Industry
%
19.9
 
18.5
 
19.2
 
19.5
 
19.4
 
19.3
 
19.1
 
19.0
 
Trade, transport, accomm., restaurants, communication
%
24.2
 
24.1
 
23.8
 
23.8
 
23.9
 
23.7
 
23.7
 
..
 
Finance, insurance, real estate, business
%
26.3
 
26.6
 
26.6
 
26.7
 
26.9
 
27.0
 
27.4
 
..
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 O - U)
%
21.6
 
23.1
 
22.9
 
22.7
 
22.8
 
22.9
 
22.9
 
..
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.4
 
-6.8
 
-6.5
 
-4.4
 
-4.0
 
-3.3
 
..
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
44.6
 
44.1
 
44.1
 
44.6
 
45.4
 
45.7
 
..
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
47.0
 
51.0
 
50.6
 
49.0
 
49.4
 
49.1
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
38.9
 
34.0
 
37.8
 
40.4
 
40.7
 
40.3
 
40.3
 
40.2
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
39.1
 
34.9
 
38.6
 
41.4
 
42.6
 
42.9
 
43.1
 
43.5
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
-204.7
 
..
 
-134.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
1 990.5
 
..
 
2 301.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
1 785.8
 
..
 
2 166.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
315.3
 
283.9
 
316.1
 
389.9
 
387.9
 
434.3
 
..
 
..
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
1 622.3
 
1 451.7
 
1 504.1
 
1 651.3
 
1 610.4
 
1 694.5
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
1 945.1
 
1 742.1
 
1 822.9
 
2 047.9
 
2 004.8
 
2 136.9
 
..
 
..
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
9 099 676
 
9 297 425
 
9 700 880
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
7 569 970
 
7 643 400
 
8 034 994
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
538 522
 
359 860
 
371 722
 
465 500
 
230 349
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
977 925
 
387 322
 
477 943
 
553 875
 
281 828
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
3.7
 
1.0
 
2.1
 
3.1
 
2.6
 
1.5
 
0.5
 
0.0
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.9
 
1.6
 
1.3
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.2
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
6.4
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
3.4
 
3.0
 
2.6
 
-0.2
 
0.0
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
11.0
 
-5.1
 
7.2
 
11.3
 
7.1
 
0.7
 
-1.6
 
-6.6
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
5.1
 
-4.6
 
3.3
 
5.6
 
2.1
 
0.0
 
-0.9
 
-2.6
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.76
 
0.75
 
0.76
 
0.74
 
0.74
 
0.75
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.68
 
0.72
 
0.76
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
108
 
103
 
99
 
100
 
96
 
99
 
101
 
92
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
1 750.1
 
1 650.3
 
1 715.7
 
1 654.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
8.2
 
9.2
 
10.0
 
10.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exports of ICT goods
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
70.1
 
73.2
 
76.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
510
 
510
 
500
 
490
 
490
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
3 862
 
3 565
 
3 679
 
3 548
 
3 505
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
38.7
 
36.2
 
35.3
 
34.8
 
33.9
 
33.3
 
33.7
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
79.4
 
77.9
 
77.7
 
77.7
 
77.3
 
76.9
 
77.5
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
45.6
 
46.0
 
46.4
 
47.5
 
48.9
 
50.3
 
52.0
 
..
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
16.0
 
16.4
 
16.8
 
17.0
 
17.4
 
17.6
 
17.5
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
16.7
 
16.7
 
16.9
 
16.6
 
16.6
 
16.5
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
19.9
 
20.1
 
20.4
 
20.1
 
20.2
 
20.0
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
12.7
 
12.6
 
12.7
 
12.4
 
12.4
 
12.3
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
7.0
 
..
 
..
 
9.6
 
10.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
6.7
 
..
 
..
 
9.6
 
10.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
7.6
 
..
 
..
 
9.8
 
10.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
36.0
 
32.6
 
39.1
 
42.0
 
43.6
 
46.4
 
48.6
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
0.7
 
0.1
 
2.8
 
1.9
 
4.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
303 824
 
303 269
 
308 831
 
320 956
 
326 608
 
328 740
 
334 256
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.6
 
6.8
 
7.1
 
7.2
 
7.5
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
501 194
 
502 630
 
503 833
 
505 035
 
506 100
 
506 736
 
507 553
 
508 894
 
Population growth rates
%
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.2
 
17.4
 
17.5
 
17.7
 
18.0
 
18.4
 
18.6
 
18.9
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
6.2
 
8.4
 
9.1
 
9.1
 
9.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
10.3
 
14.9
 
14.7
 
14.0
 
15.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
7.1
 
8.4
 
9.0
 
9.1
 
9.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
11.7
 
13.9
 
14.3
 
15.0
 
16.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Obesity rate ages 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
2 423 974
 
2 159 157
 
2 245 173
 
2 272 987
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
5 363
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
78
 
70
 
62
 
60
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 27 April 2016; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2015-2016 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2015-en)

 

This table includes data for European Union on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. The table is part of the key tables collection on country statistical profiles.

Years covered: :
2008-2015

Countries covered: 

  • European Union
 
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