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The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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Country statistical profile: Estonia You or your institution have access to this content

English
Keywords:  Estonia
03 Oct 2017
Update frequency:
Annual
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/20752288-table-est
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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2017

Country statistical profile: Estonia 2017
‌‌
Unit
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
20 505
 
21 594
 
24 501
 
25 973
 
27 450
 
28 528
 
29 131
 
29 633
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
19 881
 
20 449
 
23 273
 
24 926
 
26 753
 
27 746
 
28 394
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
-7.8
 
-3.2
 
3.1
 
2.4
 
0.5
 
6.0
 
4.4
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
-14.7
 
2.3
 
7.6
 
4.3
 
1.9
 
2.9
 
1.7
 
2.1
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
7.2
 
4.2
 
4.8
 
4.1
 
1.2
 
4.8
 
4.3
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-36.7
 
-2.7
 
34.4
 
12.7
 
1.5
 
-8.7
 
-2.9
 
-1.2
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
2.4
 
3.2
 
3.9
 
3.7
 
3.4
 
3.5
 
3.1
 
2.6
 
Industry including energy
%
19.9
 
22.0
 
22.3
 
21.4
 
21.8
 
22.2
 
21.5
 
20.9
 
Construction
%
7.1
 
5.9
 
6.9
 
7.3
 
7.0
 
6.4
 
6.2
 
6.0
 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
21.1
 
22.2
 
22.6
 
23.1
 
23.1
 
22.5
 
21.8
 
22.0
 
Information, communication
%
5.5
 
5.3
 
5.0
 
5.1
 
5.1
 
5.3
 
5.5
 
5.8
 
Finance and insurance
%
4.4
 
4.1
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
3.9
 
3.9
 
Real estate
%
10.6
 
9.8
 
9.7
 
9.8
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
10.5
 
10.3
 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
9.1
 
9.0
 
8.8
 
9.0
 
9.0
 
8.8
 
9.0
 
9.3
 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
17.5
 
16.2
 
14.7
 
14.4
 
14.7
 
15.1
 
15.9
 
16.4
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.4
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.7
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.2
 
0.2
 
1.2
 
-0.3
 
-0.2
 
0.7
 
0.1
 
0.3
 
General government debt
% of GDP
12.6
 
11.9
 
9.5
 
13.2
 
13.7
 
14.1
 
12.9
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
43.9
 
40.7
 
38.6
 
39.0
 
38.3
 
39.1
 
40.3
 
40.3
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
46.1
 
40.5
 
37.4
 
39.3
 
38.4
 
38.4
 
40.1
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
5.1
 
4.8
 
4.5
 
4.5
 
4.6
 
4.7
 
4.9
 
5.1
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
19.6
 
18.3
 
16.3
 
15.9
 
15.9
 
16.0
 
17.0
 
17.4
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
7.8
 
7.6
 
6.7
 
6.5
 
6.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.10
 
0.10
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.13
 
0.14
 
0.15
 
0.19
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
34.9
 
33.2
 
31.5
 
31.5
 
31.5
 
32.4
 
33.6
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
5.6
 
5.3
 
5.1
 
5.2
 
5.4
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
1.8
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.4
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
2.1
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
14.2
 
13.4
 
13.1
 
13.4
 
13.0
 
13.7
 
14.1
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
39.2
 
40.1
 
40.3
 
40.4
 
39.9
 
40.0
 
39.0
 
38.9
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
55.8
 
68.7
 
80.8
 
84.4
 
81.5
 
79.7
 
74.6
 
75.1
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
60.8
 
75.1
 
86.5
 
86.0
 
84.3
 
82.6
 
78.6
 
79.0
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-1.0
 
-0.5
 
-0.5
 
-1.6
 
-1.2
 
-1.4
 
-0.9
 
-0.9
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
8.4
 
10.5
 
14.9
 
15.5
 
15.8
 
16.0
 
12.9
 
13.2
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
7.4
 
9.9
 
14.4
 
13.8
 
14.6
 
14.6
 
11.9
 
12.3
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
2.0
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
2.2
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
2.6
 
2.9
 
3.8
 
4.0
 
4.7
 
4.9
 
4.0
 
4.3
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
4.6
 
4.7
 
5.6
 
6.0
 
6.6
 
7.1
 
5.8
 
6.1
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
2.6
 
1.8
 
1.3
 
-1.9
 
0.5
 
0.2
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
6 262
 
5 545
 
4 805
 
6 064
 
6 874
 
6 268
 
6 158
 
6 576
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
15 842
 
15 551
 
16 349
 
18 934
 
22 078
 
20 688
 
19 012
 
19 369
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
1 840
 
1 509
 
1 006
 
1 566
 
750
 
604
 
130
 
864
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
1 375
 
167
 
-1 455
 
1 054
 
505
 
-159
 
323
 
352
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
-0.1
 
3.0
 
5.0
 
3.9
 
2.8
 
-0.1
 
-0.5
 
0.1
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.9
 
0.8
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
1.4
 
1.0
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
-4.0
 
3.0
 
9.7
 
3.8
 
4.1
 
0.0
 
-0.5
 
0.0
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
-2.5
 
12.3
 
8.2
 
10.6
 
5.7
 
-4.0
 
-7.0
 
-4.0
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-3.9
 
2.1
 
5.7
 
2.9
 
2.7
 
0.3
 
-2.7
 
-0.8
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
AUD per USD
0.52
 
0.51
 
0.51
 
0.52
 
0.52
 
0.53
 
0.53
 
0.54
 
Exchange rates
AUD per USD
0.72
 
0.75
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
70
 
66
 
68
 
66
 
70
 
72
 
67
 
68
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
4.9
 
5.6
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
6.1
 
6.0
 
5.4
 
6.0
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.17
 
0.20
 
0.18
 
0.17
 
0.19
 
0.18
 
0.16
 
0.17
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
717.4
 
846.4
 
835.3
 
861.3
 
851.0
 
858.8
 
953.2
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
64.0
 
68.3
 
70.0
 
74.3
 
79.0
 
..
 
87.9
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
61.9
 
66.9
 
69.4
 
73.8
 
79.3
 
82.9
 
87.7
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
1 388
 
e 
1 842
 
1 874
 
1 631
 
1 748
 
1 724
 
1 615
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
80
 
77
 
61
 
52
 
51
 
52
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
15
 
15
 
17
 
13
 
13
 
12
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
1
 
1
 
1
 
1
 
1
 
1
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
452
 
406
 
399
 
371
 
386
 
470
 
473
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
338
 
304
 
299
 
279
 
293
 
357
 
360
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
15
 
19
 
18
 
16
 
19
 
18
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
36
 
35
 
37
 
38
 
37
 
37
 
38
 
39
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
5 864
 
7 256
 
6 760
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
7 025
 
6 523
 
7 077
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
8 490
 
11 798
 
12 375
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
8.0
 
6.1
 
6.4
 
6.8
 
4.6
 
7.0
 
5.5
 
4.2
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
19.8
 
22.4
 
15.8
 
17.1
 
16.8
 
16.1
 
15.0
 
13.9
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
28.4
 
25.4
 
31.1
 
32.3
 
32.4
 
33.3
 
36.3
 
37.5
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
76.5
 
74.9
 
78.3
 
79.5
 
80.4
 
80.9
 
83.0
 
82.6
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
60.3
 
53.8
 
57.5
 
60.5
 
62.6
 
64.0
 
64.6
 
65.3
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
8.5
 
8.8
 
8.9
 
8.2
 
8.0
 
7.6
 
8.6
 
8.7
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.8
 
8.9
 
9.2
 
9.1
 
9.4
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
11.7
 
11.9
 
12.3
 
12.6
 
12.4
 
12.5
 
12.1
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
5.3
 
5.4
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
5.9
 
5.7
 
6.6
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
13.5
 
16.7
 
12.3
 
10.0
 
8.6
 
7.4
 
6.2
 
6.8
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
16.7
 
19.3
 
13.1
 
10.9
 
9.1
 
7.9
 
6.2
 
7.4
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
10.3
 
14.1
 
11.6
 
9.1
 
8.2
 
6.8
 
6.1
 
6.1
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
27.3
 
45.3
 
57.3
 
54.7
 
44.5
 
45.3
 
38.3
 
31.6
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
4.2
 
0.4
 
-1.5
 
9.7
 
5.6
 
6.7
 
3.3
 
6.4
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 831
 
1 875
 
1 919
 
1 886
 
1 866
 
1 859
 
1 852
 
1 855
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
393
 
455
 
715
 
686
 
566
 
489
 
511
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
7.5
 
7.4
 
7.7
 
7.7
 
7.3
 
7.1
 
6.7
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
1 335
 
1 331
 
1 327
 
1 323
 
1 318
 
1 316
 
..
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
-0.3
 
-0.4
 
-0.4
 
-0.2
 
..
 
..
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
15.0
 
15.2
 
15.4
 
15.6
 
15.7
 
15.8
 
..
 
..
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.4
 
17.4
 
17.6
 
17.9
 
18.2
 
18.4
 
..
 
..
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
16.3
 
16.0
 
15.9
 
10.0
 
10.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
16.4
 
16.3
 
15.9
 
15.9
 
16.1
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
17.3
 
19.4
 
13.1
 
10.6
 
9.0
 
7.9
 
6.3
 
7.3
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
17.7
 
23.6
 
15.6
 
14.9
 
11.2
 
8.8
 
7.0
 
9.9
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
10.5
 
13.4
 
11.2
 
9.0
 
8.1
 
6.7
 
5.9
 
5.9
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
12.3
 
22.2
 
18.1
 
11.2
 
10.8
 
9.7
 
8.6
 
8.3
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
75.2
 
75.9
 
76.4
 
76.5
 
77.3
 
77.2
 
77.7
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
70.0
 
70.9
 
71.4
 
71.4
 
72.8
 
72.4
 
73.2
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
80.3
 
80.8
 
81.3
 
81.5
 
81.7
 
81.9
 
82.2
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.6
 
3.3
 
2.5
 
3.6
 
2.1
 
2.7
 
2.5
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
51.3
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
19.3
 
15.9
 
15.3
 
16.6
 
15.3
 
17.5
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
11 183
 
12 249
 
12 184
 
10 922
 
10 709
 
9 564
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
2 585
 
2 514
 
2 501
 
2 726
 
2 844
 
2 851
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
75
 
59
 
76
 
66
 
61
 
59
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 3 October 2017; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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e
Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).
 

This table includes data for Estonia on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. The table is part of the key tables collection on country statistical profiles.

Years covered: :
2009-2016

Countries covered: 

  • Estonia
 
Visit the OECD web site