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The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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Country statistical profile: Estonia You or your institution have access to this content

Keywords: Estonia
13 May 2015
Update frequency:
Annual
DOI:
10.1787/20752288-table-est
Also available in: French
 
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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2015

Country statistical profile: Estonia 2015
‌‌
Unit
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
21 795
 
22 478
 
20 184
 
21 056
 
23 536
 
24 689
 
25 780
 
26 893
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
20 302
 
21 262
 
19 567
 
19 961
 
22 320
 
23 703
 
25 144
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
11.7
 
4.7
 
-9.1
 
-4.5
 
3.7
 
1.5
 
4.5
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
7.9
 
-5.3
 
-14.7
 
2.5
 
8.3
 
4.7
 
1.6
 
2.1
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
-6.7
 
1.6
 
7.1
 
3.3
 
5.2
 
3.0
 
3.8
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
10.3
 
-13.1
 
-36.7
 
-2.6
 
32.7
 
10.9
 
2.3
 
-2.8
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
3.5
 
2.7
 
2.4
 
3.2
 
3.9
 
4.1
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
Industry
%
20.2
 
19.9
 
19.9
 
22.1
 
22.2
 
21.5
 
21.4
 
21.1
 
Trade, transport, accomm., restaurants, communication
%
27.8
 
27.1
 
26.6
 
27.5
 
27.4
 
28.0
 
28.2
 
27.3
 
Finance, insurance, real estate, business
%
22.3
 
23.5
 
24.1
 
22.9
 
22.3
 
22.1
 
21.9
 
23.0
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 O - U)
%
15.6
 
17.2
 
19.9
 
18.5
 
17.1
 
16.9
 
17.4
 
17.8
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
2.5
 
-2.7
 
-2.2
 
0.2
 
1.2
 
-0.2
 
-0.2
 
0.6
 
General government debt
% of GDP
7.3
 
8.4
 
12.6
 
11.9
 
9.5
 
13.2
 
13.5
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
36.8
 
37.1
 
43.8
 
40.7
 
39.2
 
39.6
 
38.5
 
39.4
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
34.3
 
39.7
 
46.0
 
40.5
 
38.0
 
39.8
 
38.8
 
38.8
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.9
 
4.7
 
5.2
 
5.0
 
4.6
 
4.6
 
..
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
12.7
 
15.7
 
19.8
 
18.8
 
16.8
 
16.2
 
16.1
 
16.3
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
5.1
 
6.2
 
7.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
31.4
 
31.9
 
35.3
 
34.0
 
32.3
 
32.5
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
7.4
 
7.9
 
7.5
 
6.8
 
6.5
 
6.8
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
13.1
 
11.8
 
14.4
 
13.7
 
13.4
 
13.7
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
39.0
 
38.4
 
39.2
 
40.1
 
40.3
 
40.4
 
39.9
 
40.0
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
72.1
 
70.8
 
55.9
 
68.8
 
82.1
 
87.4
 
84.6
 
82.1
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
63.2
 
66.8
 
60.8
 
75.1
 
87.9
 
88.4
 
86.1
 
84.6
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
-0.4
 
..
 
-1.6
 
..
 
..
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
13.2
 
..
 
19.8
 
..
 
..
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
12.8
 
..
 
18.2
 
..
 
..
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
1.4
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
..
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
3.1
 
3.3
 
2.5
 
2.8
 
3.7
 
3.9
 
4.3
 
..
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
4.5
 
5.3
 
4.5
 
4.6
 
5.5
 
5.5
 
5.9
 
..
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-15.9
 
-8.9
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
1.8
 
-1.8
 
-1.1
 
..
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
5 698
 
4 729
 
5 879
 
..
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
15 666
 
17 291
 
16 222
 
16 474
 
16 960
 
19 349
 
21 451
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
2 725
 
1 729
 
1 839
 
1 600
 
341
 
1 517
 
950
 
..
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
1 746
 
1 112
 
1 549
 
142
 
-1 454
 
952
 
356
 
..
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
6.6
 
10.4
 
-0.1
 
3.0
 
5.0
 
3.9
 
2.8
 
-0.1
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
5.4
 
6.5
 
1.9
 
0.8
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
1.4
 
1.0
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
9.3
 
14.2
 
-4.0
 
3.0
 
9.7
 
3.8
 
4.1
 
0.0
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
7.8
 
23.2
 
-2.5
 
12.3
 
8.2
 
10.6
 
5.7
 
-4.0
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
10.1
 
7.6
 
-3.9
 
2.1
 
5.7
 
2.9
 
2.7
 
0.3
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.55
 
0.55
 
0.52
 
0.52
 
0.52
 
0.54
 
0.55
 
0.55
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.73
 
0.68
 
0.72
 
0.75
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.75
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
73
 
76
 
72
 
68
 
69
 
68
 
73
 
74
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
5.6
 
5.4
 
4.7
 
5.6
 
5.6
 
5.7
 
..
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.21
 
0.22
 
0.22
 
0.25
 
0.23
 
0.23
 
..
 
..
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
10.7
 
11.9
 
15.2
 
15.3
 
14.8
 
14.5
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exports of ICT goods
Mln USD
730
 
743
 
494
 
1 019
 
2 081
 
1 977
 
..
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
4.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
67.8
 
70.8
 
75.0
 
..
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 874
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
29
 
92
 
78
 
65
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
602
 
524
 
452
 
406
 
399
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
450
 
390
 
340
 
300
 
300
 
280
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
19
 
18
 
15
 
18
 
18
 
16
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
36.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
5 140
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
6 444
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
6 501
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
5.7
 
4.9
 
8.0
 
6.1
 
6.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
15.3
 
10.7
 
19.8
 
22.4
 
15.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
34.6
 
36.5
 
29.1
 
26.1
 
31.9
 
33.7
 
33.4
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
84.6
 
83.7
 
76.4
 
74.8
 
78.2
 
79.4
 
80.3
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
59.4
 
62.1
 
60.3
 
53.8
 
57.4
 
60.3
 
62.5
 
..
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
6.8
 
6.3
 
8.5
 
8.8
 
8.9
 
8.2
 
8.0
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
9.2
 
7.9
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.8
 
8.9
 
9.2
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
12.8
 
10.7
 
11.7
 
11.9
 
12.3
 
12.6
 
12.4
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
5.5
 
5.0
 
5.3
 
5.4
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
5.9
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
4.6
 
5.5
 
13.6
 
16.7
 
12.4
 
10.0
 
8.6
 
7.4
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
5.4
 
5.7
 
16.7
 
19.3
 
13.1
 
10.9
 
9.1
 
7.9
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
3.9
 
5.1
 
10.4
 
14.1
 
11.7
 
9.1
 
8.1
 
6.9
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
49.8
 
31.2
 
27.3
 
45.3
 
57.3
 
54.7
 
44.5
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
24.9
 
11.3
 
4.0
 
-0.2
 
-1.7
 
7.8
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 999
 
1 969
 
1 831
 
1 879
 
1 924
 
1 889
 
1 868
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
286
 
319
 
301
 
350
 
561
 
541
 
443
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
5.7
 
6.2
 
7.5
 
7.4
 
7.7
 
7.7
 
7.3
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
1 342
 
1 340
 
1 338
 
1 337
 
1 335
 
1 329
 
1 320
 
1 316
 
Population growth rates
%
-0.3
 
-0.2
 
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
-0.4
 
-0.7
 
..
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
14.9
 
14.9
 
15.1
 
15.3
 
15.5
 
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.9
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.3
 
17.4
 
17.4
 
17.4
 
17.5
 
17.8
 
18.0
 
18.4
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
15.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
16.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
5.3
 
6.0
 
17.3
 
19.4
 
13.1
 
10.8
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
7.1
 
5.4
 
17.7
 
23.6
 
15.6
 
14.9
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
3.9
 
5.2
 
10.5
 
13.4
 
11.2
 
9.2
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
4.6
 
6.5
 
12.3
 
22.2
 
18.1
 
11.4
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
73.2
 
74.2
 
75.2
 
75.9
 
76.4
 
76.5
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
67.5
 
68.9
 
70.0
 
70.9
 
71.4
 
71.4
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
78.9
 
79.5
 
80.3
 
80.8
 
81.3
 
81.5
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
5.0
 
5.0
 
3.6
 
3.3
 
2.5
 
3.6
 
..
 
..
 
Obesity rate ages 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
16.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
18.3
 
17.3
 
19.3
 
15.8
 
15.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
19 090
 
14 222
 
12 224
 
12 624
 
12 828
 
e 
11 562
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
3 183
 
2 950
 
2 585
 
2 488
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
146
 
98
 
75
 
58
 
75
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 12 May 2015; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2014 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2014-en)
 

This table includes data for Estonia on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. The table is part of the key tables collection on country statistical profiles.

Years covered:
2007-2014

Countries covered

  • Estonia