Social Panorama of Latin America

1684-1425 (online)
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Social Panorama of Latin America presents official measurements for the analysis of income poverty from the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and seeks fresh approaches to poverty and well-being, placing special emphasis on multidimensional approaches.
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Social Panorama of Latin America 2012

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29 Apr 2013
9789213629130 (PDF) ; 9789210553698 (EPUB) ;9789210553698(print)

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This annual report examines the dynamics of paid employment in care activities in Latin American countries, as well as household expenditure on such work, and proposes normative criteria for public policymaking in this sphere. It also covers 1) poverty trends and determining factors in Latin America; 2) income distribution and social spending trends in the region; and 3) situation of disabled people in Latin American and Caribbean countries.

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  • Summary

    Since 2010, when the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) put forward its proposed development agenda in Time for equality: closing gaps, opening trails, it has been systematically examining social gaps in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as progress towards equality, from multiple standpoints and in an array of spheres. Social Panorama of Latin America seeks to contribute to the process with an updated understanding of the social situation in the region. The 2010 edition focused on the intergenerational reproduction of inequality and showed how differentiated paths grow more entrenched over the life cycle. Social Panorama of Latin America 2011 took a more in-depth look at the chain that produces and reproduces social gaps, spotlighting the close links between productivity gaps, labour segmentation and gaps in social protection.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Poverty, income distribution and citizen distrust

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    • Recent advances in poverty reduction

      The region’s poverty and indigence rates fell yet again in 2011. While poverty rates remain high in a significant number of countries, the rate for the region as a whole is the lowest to be attained in the last 20 years.

    • Distribution inequality and perceptions

      Figures through 2011 confirm the trend towards better income distribution. But the changes are slight, and Latin America is, in general, still a highly unequal region. Labour income inequality is directly related to job category.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Some aspects of care in Latin America and the Caribbean: Employment, household expenditure and persons with disabilities

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    • Employment in the care sector in latin america

      In a region where inequality is rife, and in recognition of the link between care and the many facets of inequality, countries must make redesigning and extending social protection systems a policy priority in order to respond to the emerging demand for care. Paid care work has multiple policy implications, and the strengths or weaknesses of existing public policies on care can be seen in the prevalence of paid care work and the conditions in which it is carried out, reflecting each country’s approach to resolving growing care needs.

    • Recent trends in social spending and a profile of private spending on care in the region
    • Autonomy and independence: Caring for persons with disabilities

      Assistance and care requirements for persons with disabilities are rising in the region and in the rest of the world for a number of reasons. These include the demographic transition, with its rising incidence of chronic and degenerative diseases, medical advances that are boosting catastrophic injury survival rates and unhealthy lifestyles that increase the need for care and medical treatment in old age. Poverty, armed conflict, urban violence and gender violence are also important causes of disability. Add to that the lack of policies for prevention and timely assistance that could lower the disability rate. Furthermore, social inequalities are heightened by a lack of appropriate services, because care and rehabilitation are often complex, costly, and, when provided privately, available only for the small proportion of the population that can afford them.

    • Care policies: Situation and challenges in Latin America and the Caribbean

      This chapter examines certain policies and programmes on care in the region and makes proposals for social and fiscal covenants in this area and the conditions under which they could be achieved adopting equality as the guiding principle. It also looks at the challenges that remain for building integrated, more egalitarian care systems and links these challenges with the broader social protection and social security systems.

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