MDG Gap Task Force Report

English
Frequency
Annual
ISSN: 
2411-8540 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/8dffd27a-en
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The MDG Gap Task Force was created by the Secretary-General of the United Nations in May 2007 to improve monitoring of the global commitments contained in MDG 8, the Global Partnership for Development. The main purpose of the Task Force is to systematically track existing international commitments and to identify gaps and obstacles in their fulfillment at the international, regional and country level in the areas of official development assistance, market access (trade), debt sustainability, and access to essential medicines and new technologies. The Task Force integrates more than 30 United Nations and other international agencies. An annual report of the MDG Gap Task Force is published each September.
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Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Gap Task Force Report 2014

Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Gap Task Force Report 2014

The State of the Global Partnership for Development You do not have access to this content

English
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Author(s):
UN
16 Oct 2014
Pages:
93
ISBN:
9789210568203 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/415994ef-en

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The MDG Gap Task Force Report systematically tracks existing international commitments and their fulfilment at the international level in the areas of official development assistance, trade, debt relief, and access to essential medicines and technology as defined by the targets and indicators of MDG 8. The MDG Gap Task Force Report 2014 will build on the 2013 Report, by drawing lessons learned from monitoring MDG 8 and analysing conceptual gaps created by how MDG was originally defined. This should provide insight to discussions on the post-2015 agenda. The Task Force consists of more than 30 UN entities, including participation from the World Bank and the IMF, as well as the OECD and WTO. The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat and UNDP and are the lead agencies in coordinating the work of the Task Force.

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  • Preface

    The deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is fast approaching, with much progress to report and many challenges still ahead. The present report serves to review the experiences of recent years in pursuing a global partnership for development. Its analysis is particularly important as the international community focuses on formulating the post-2015 development agenda.

  • List of Millennium Development Goals and Goal 8 targets and indicators
  • Executive summary

    The MDG Gap Task Force, an inter-agency collaboration created by the United Nations Secretary-General in 2007, is responsible for monitoring the policy commitments embodied in the Millennium Declaration and earlier international agreements, identified as the targets of Goal 8 of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

  • Towards a new global partnership for development

    This is the seventh in a series of reports on the global partnership for development prepared by the MDG Gap Task Force, an inter-agency collaboration created in 2007 by the United Nations Secretary-General. In each report, the Task Force has sought to monitor the state of implementation of those policy commitments embodied in the Millennium Declaration, and earlier international agreements, that were collected together and identified as the targets of Goal 8—develop a global partnership for development—of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). While many developments in the areas monitored by the Task Force point to an effective international partnership, there have also been disappointing shortfalls to which the Task Force has drawn attention. Over time, the Task Force became increasingly concerned about the disappointments, a concern reflected in the subtitles of its reports

  • Official development assistance

    Positive developments in 2013 have helped to alleviate concerns about recent reductions in official development assistance (ODA). The highest volume ever recorded, $135 billion,1 was reached in 2013. Much of this recovery was due to a 7 per cent increase in multilateral aid and a 25 per cent increase in aid for humanitarian emergencies. Despite an increase of aid to least developed countries (LDCs), preliminary data show an important decrease in bilateral aid to sub-Saharan Africa. In addition, indicators to monitor development cooperation effectiveness have not shown significant improvement overall. Moreover, forward spending plans of major donors do not indicate a significant growth in ODA flows. Thus, developments in the past year only partly ease the challenges facing the global partnership for development.

  • Market access (trade)

    A central concern of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 8 is to support developing countries in attaining the goals of the Millennium Declaration through economic growth, with a focus on the growth of their exports, to be supported by an open, rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory trading system. However, growth in the volume of developing-country exports has slowed in recent years, falling from 4.3 per cent in 2012 to 3.2 per cent in 2013; it is forecast to accelerate, but only to 4.1 per cent in 2014 and 5.1 per cent in 2015. This reflects, in part, the slow and uneven growth of the global economy since recovery from the Great Recession began; and while international commodity prices had earlier reflected strong global demand, those prices fell in 2013. The growth of the dollar value of developing-country exports thus slowed dramatically in 2013, growing an estimated 2.5 per cent compared with 7.6 per cent in 2012 and over 20 per cent in each of the prior two years of recovery.

  • Debt sustainability

    Since the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000, there has been considerable change in the landscape of sovereign debt in developing countries, with many low- and middle-income countries accessing international capital markets, some of them for the first time. The debt indicators of Goal 8 of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) focused on the debt difficulties of the heavily indebted poor countries (HIPCs), which have largely been addressed under the terms of the HIPC Initiative and the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI) that complemented it. This is not to say that there are no new risks in some of the HIPC countries, or that other low- or middle-income countries have not also faced debt crises since 2000. In particular, as discussed below, there is currently reason for concern about the debt situation of a number of small States. While Goal 8 contained no indicators for addressing debt crises in non-HIPCs, it implicitly addressed these countries when it called for policies that would lead to sustainable debt levels for all developing countries.

  • Access to affordable essential medicines

    Increased global action in recent years has led to progress in combating both non-communicable and acute diseases. However, despite more coordination in implementing coherent national policies aligned to global agreements, essential medicines remain unaffordable and insufficiently available in developing countries. In order to enhance and expand accessibility, greater efforts by the international community, pharmaceutical companies and Governments are still needed.

  • Access to new technologies

    Developing-country access to advanced technologies, highlighted in Goal 8 of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), continues to grow at a fast pace. Yet despite international initiatives, gaps in access to certain key areas, such as broadband Internet, still persist between developed and developing countries. The provision of e-government services continues to spread and facilitate development efforts, but many types of services are still not provided online. Spreading the use of advanced technology for disaster risk reduction becomes more urgent as the frequency and intensity of natural disasters increases. In further positive developments, international initiatives are now in place to respond to developing countries’ needs for access to technologies that address the impact of climate change.

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