Human Development Report

2412-3129 (online)
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Human Development Reports (HDRs) have been released most years since 1990 and have explored different themes through the human development approach. They have had an extensive influence on development debate worldwide. The reports, produced by the Human Development Report Office for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), are ensured of editorial independence by the United Nation’s General Assembly
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Human Development Report 1992

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31 Dec 1992
9789210576536 (PDF)

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The world has a unique opportunity in the current decade to use global markets for the benefit of all nations and all people. This report looks at the workings of these global markets – at how they meet, or fail to meet, the needs of the world’s poorest people. The global issues in this Report supplement the analysis of domestic policy issues in the first two Reports. It attempts to analyse global markets from a human perspective. It presents a disturbing new analysis of the global distribution of income and opportunities 00 demonstrating that income disparities have in recent years widened dramatically. It concludes that if developing countries are to trade on a more equal basis, they will need massive investments in people – because knowledge and the mastery of new technology are a country’s best competitive advantage today.
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  • Foreword
    The startling events of the past two years have led to the end of a world divided between East and West and to a new age of political and economic freedom.
  • Acknowledgements
    The preparation of the Report benefited greatly from the valuable contributions by numerous organizations and individuals.
  • Abbreviations
  • Overview
    The world has a unique opportunity in the current decade to use global markets for the benefit of all nations and all people.
  • The concept and measurement of human development
    Human development has moved to the centre of the global development debate. It is being incorporated in the development strategies of countries all over the world—from Bangladesh to Ghana to Pakistan to Colombia. It is an important element in discussions on international aid. And it is now the core of the UN's International Development Strategy for the 1990s.
  • Political freedom and human development
    The purpose of human development is to increase people's range of choices. If they are not free to make those choices, the entire process becomes a mockery. So, freedom is more than an idealistic goal-it is a vital component of human development.
  • The widening gap in global opportunities
    Growth in national income doe not automatically increase the well-being of poor people. Income and assets are often very unevenly distributed. And the poor have little access to credit and to market opportunities.
  • Global markets, poor nations, poor people
    The disparities in the distribution of global economic opportunities between rich and poor nations are, as chapter 3 has shown, widening. There are many reasons for this, both domestic and international. This chapter focuses on only two of the reasons: the role of international markets in this process, and the impact of human development on a country's performance in international markets.
  • A new vision for global human development
    For the first time in human history, the world is close to creating a single, unified global system. But an agreed and participatory system of global governance remains a distant dream. This has left an urgent and disturbing question wandering unanswered round the corridors of power: In a period of rapid economic globalization, who will protect the interests of the world's poor?
  • Technical notes
    The HDI has opened new perspectives on measuring and analysing development. But there can be no doubt that the work in this area is still at its beginning. Much more research is needed—as is more experience with using the HDI for various practical purposes of assessing, planning or programming development. UNDP would welcome any contributions to this topic, to be taken up in next year's Human Development Report, from interested development research scholars and practitioners.
  • Bibliographic note
  • References
  • Selected definitions
  • Classification of countries
  • Primary sources of data
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