Assessment of Development Results

2518-3192 (online)
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This series assesses the attainment of intended and achieved results as well as United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) contributions to development results at the country level. Their scope include, but is not confined to, UNDP responsiveness and alignment to country challenges and priorities; strategic positioning; use of comparative advantage; and engagement with partners. The number and selection of countries, and the timing of these evaluations, are determined to ensure coverage and to allow findings and recommendations to feed into the preparation of the subsequent programme. Wherever possible, these evaluations will be conducted in conjunction with other United Nations organizations.

Assessment of Development Results - Uganda

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31 Dec 2009
9789210599955 (PDF)

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This report presents the findings and recommendations of the Assessment of Development Results (ADR) conducted in Uganda, with a time-frame covering country programmes; from 2001 to 2009. More specifically, the ADR provides forward-looking recommendations to assist UNDP Uganda and its partners in formulating an action plan for the next programming cycle (2010–2014). The evaluation looked at the range of support provided by UNDP to Uganda in the areas of poverty reduction, sustainable environment democratic governance, and crisis prevention and recovery in a post-conflict and human development context. Uganda has made significant progress in social and economic development in the past two decades and is moving steadily towards sustainable growth and poverty reduction. The evaluation found that UNDP contribution has been significant in terms of responsiveness to national priorities and needs. Amid a competitive aid environment, particularly one predisposed to budget support, UNDP maintained its relevance.

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  • Foreword

    The Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) conducts independent evaluations of UNDP contributions to development results through its country programmes. These evaluations, titled Assessments of Development Results (ADRs), evaluate the relevance and strategic positioning of UNDP support and contributions to the country’s development over a period. The purpose of an ADR is to generate lessons for future country-level programming and to contribute to the organization’s effectiveness and substantive accountability. This report presents the findings and recommendations of an ADR conducted in Uganda, with a time-frame covering country programmes from 2001 to 2009. More specifically, this ADR provides forward-looking recommendations to assist UNDP Uganda and its partners in formulating an action plan for the next programming cycle (2010–2014).

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    The ‘Assessment of Development Results: Evaluation of UNDP Contribution – Uganda’, was led by the Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and was carried out by a team of independent consultants between February and June 2009. The Assessment of Development Results (ADR) covers the UNDP programme since 2001, which includes two programme cycles.

  • Introduction

    The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has supported development initiatives and policy in Uganda for more than 30 years. The first structured country programme was implemented in 1997. Two country programmes followed during 2001–2005 and 2006–2010 (which was abridged to 2009) as part of the United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks (UNDAF) for the same period. This Assessment of Development Results (ADR) evaluates the two country programmes during from 2001 to 2009.

  • National context

    Uganda attained independence in 1962, and the Parliament became a constituent assembly in 1967. The decade that followed had regimes that were less democratic and were marked by insurgencies and liberation struggles. The liberation movement led by the National Resistance Army (NRA), perceived as an indigenous struggle, succeeded in forming a government in 1986. The elections followed extensively participatory constitution-making processes that took place between 1993 and 1995, eventually leading to the 1995 revised Constitution. NRA-led government was a non-party, all-inclusive Movement System of government, reinforced by the 1995 promulgation of a revised Constitution. In 2005, the single-party system of the NRA Government began the transformation into a multiparty system. The 2006 presidential and parliamentary elections marked Uganda’s entry into multiparty political dispensation, which is considered a landmark in the history of Uganda.

  • UNDP and the UN in Uganda

    The UN system brings together UN agencies based in Uganda, non-resident UN agencies supporting development interventions and Bretton Woods institutions. The Resident Coordinator heads the UN system for the coordination of development operations at the country level. UNDP is the host agency for the Resident Coordinator system, funded through resources raised by UNDP, the United Nations Development Group and contributions from UN agencies. The Resident Coordinator, who acts as UNDP Resident Representative, is also the Humanitarian Coordinator in Uganda. The United Nations Country Team (UNCT) comprises UN agencies supporting the Government of Uganda.

  • Contribution to development results

    This chapter presents the evaluation findings and discusses the UNDP contribution to development results identified in the 2001–2005 and 2006–2009 country programmes. The discussion is organized by the following practice areas: democratic governance, poverty reduction, and crisis prevention and recovery.

  • Cross-cutting issues

    The previous and ongoing UNDP country programmes had highlighted gender, HIV/AIDS and environment as the crosscutting issues contributing to national development results. An additional cross-cutting theme of a rights-based approach to development was included in the current country programme. Though country programmes incorporated most of the corporate cross-cutting issues, specific emphasis on capacity development and South-South cooperation is also required. This chapter examines how UNDP integrated cross-cutting themes into its programme framework and implementation. Since environment and South-South cooperation did not receive much attention in programme planning, they are omitted from discussion.

  • Strategic positioning of UNDP

    UNDP has had a long presence in Uganda. For most of this time, national development priorities guided programme interventions. In the previous and ongoing country programmes, UNDP supported development needs identified in the PEAP and in post-conflict recovery and reconstruction efforts of the government. Several factors influenced UNDP positioning in responding to the development priorities. Uganda has a large donor presence, and UNDP plays a relatively small role in terms of the financial and technical resources contributed towards achieving development results. UNDP also has the responsibility to ensure it meets specific organizational mandates, using its own core funds to address issues critical to furthering human development; issues that the government or donors may prioritize differently. This chapter analyses how UNDP positioned itself vis-à-vis responding to Uganda’s development challenges.

  • Conclusions and recommendations

    This chapter summarizes the main conclusions of the ADR, followed by specific recommendations for UNDP Uganda. Recommendations are aimed at addressing the main challenges identified in the previous sections and are intended to further strengthen UNDP contribution to national development results.

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