Assessment of Development Results

2518-3192 (online)
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This series assesses the attainment of intended and achieved results as well as United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) contributions to development results at the country level. Their scope include, but is not confined to, UNDP responsiveness and alignment to country challenges and priorities; strategic positioning; use of comparative advantage; and engagement with partners. The number and selection of countries, and the timing of these evaluations, are determined to ensure coverage and to allow findings and recommendations to feed into the preparation of the subsequent programme. Wherever possible, these evaluations will be conducted in conjunction with other United Nations organizations.

Assessment of Development Results - The Philippines

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06 Mar 2013
9789210549691 (PDF)

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This ADR has examined contribution made by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to development results and its strategic positioning in the Philippines during the latest two programming cycles: 2001-2009.

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  • Foreword

    The Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) conducts independent country-level evaluations called Assessments of Development Results (ADRs) that assess the relevance and strategic positioning of UNDP support and contributions to a country’s development over a period of time. This report is the first independent assessment of UNDP programmes in the Philippines by the UNDP Evaluation Office, covering the Country Programme 2005-2009, the eighth programming cycle in the country, and the preceding Country Cooperation Framework 2002-2004. It examines UNDP interventions under the various thematic areas of the programmes, with the aim of providing forward-looking recommendations to assist the UNDP country office and its partners in the formulation and implementation of the next programme cycle.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    This report presents the findings and recommendations of an Assessment of Development Results of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in the Philippines. It was conducted in 2008 and covered the period 2002 to 2008 and two programmes. It is the first such country-level programme evaluation in the Philippines by the UNDP Evaluation Office. The evaluation addresses the effectiveness and the sustainability of results; relevance of UNDP activities; responsiveness, especially for vulnerable groups; and alignment and partnership with government and other agencies. The evaluation relied on programme and non-programme documents, interviews with more than 200 persons, selected field visits, and regular reports and evaluations.

  • Introduction

    The Philippines is an archipelago of more than 7,000 islands bordering the Pacific Ocean, with a diverse population of approximately 88 million people, many living in remote and island communities. The World Bank classifies the Philippines as a lower middle-income country, based on its per capita income level and other characteristics. The country has a rich natural resource base but is faced by a number of environmental challenges relating to biodiversity, the use of natural resources, pollution and the effects of climate change, whilst being subject to a large number of natural disasters each year. A sustained effort has been made to establish and maintain peace in the light of actual and potential conflicts.

  • Context

    Since independence, the Philippines has passed through various phases of development. After a period of import substitution industrialization up to the 1980s, the services sector started to grow faster, and the agriculture sector shrank as a contributor to gross domestic product (GDP). Martial law, declared in 1972, was ended by the ‘EDSA Revolution’ of 1986. Already, economic growth was falling behind other countries in the region. Real per capita growth was negative during the 1980s. A succession of crises—the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1992, power shortages in 1993, and the Asian financial crisis of 1997—contributed to low per capita income growth in the 1990s. A key government change was the Local Government Code of 1991, which shifted many responsibilities to provinces and municipalities at a time of inadequate resources.

  • Development results

    This section assesses the development results achieved during the 2002 to 2008 evaluation period for each of the four practice areas. The points of reference for this assessment are the expected outcomes from the CPAP results and resources framework, the effectiveness and sustainability criteria used to assess results, and the relevance of the UNDP programme.

  • Crosscutting and operational issues

    There have been many excellent examples of gender mainstreaming throughout the programme, although results are uneven across the areas and there have been missed opportunities. On the whole, the governance programme has been most successful and consistent incorporating innovative strategies such as annual awards for the most gender-constructive judicial decisions, along with systematic gender training for all partners. While the MDG area has promoted sex disaggregation of data and harmonization of gender and development guidelines, it has not substantially contributed to an engendered poverty analysis. CPR has addressed women’s issues in the area of reproductive health, but its choice to focus on ex-fighters has tended to sideline women and gender issues, and gender has not been addressed in the human security dialogue. The E&E practice area has made the least progress in incorporating gender.

  • Strategic positioning

    Strategic positioning includes both programme and non-programme activities and strategies of UNDP that help to define its overall role in and contribution to Philippine development efforts. This includes relevance to national priorities, responsiveness to changing circumstances and priorities, and complementarity with other partners’ activities. These must also be considered in the context of the UNDP mandate globally.

  • Conclusions

    The programme as a whole and its components, based on the UNDAF and country documents, have been generally relevant to country needs. In a broad sense, the UNDP programme in the Philippines is aligned with government priorities. Changes in programme activities have been channeled through the programme management process for joint agreement. Programmes have also been responsive to additional country needs, as illustrated by the changes between the CCF2 and CPAP periods.

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