Assessment of Development Results

2518-3192 (online)
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This series assesses the attainment of intended and achieved results as well as United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) contributions to development results at the country level. Their scope include, but is not confined to, UNDP responsiveness and alignment to country challenges and priorities; strategic positioning; use of comparative advantage; and engagement with partners. The number and selection of countries, and the timing of these evaluations, are determined to ensure coverage and to allow findings and recommendations to feed into the preparation of the subsequent programme. Wherever possible, these evaluations will be conducted in conjunction with other United Nations organizations.

Assessment of Development Results - Tajikistan

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06 Mar 2013
9789210560047 (PDF)

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This publication assesses UNDP contributions in Tajikistan between 2001 and 2008. The findings and recommendations of the ADR are intended to inform the preparation of the next country programme. The purpose of the ADR is to assist UNDP in continuing to build on its strengths and enhance its contribution to national development results. It provides an independent assessment of the progress, or lack thereof, towards the expected outcomes; highlights unexpected outcomes and missed opportunities; and presents key findings, lessons, and a set of clear and forward-looking options for management to make adjustments in the current strategy and next country programme.
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  • Foreword
    The Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) conducts independent evaluations of UNDP contributions to development results through its country programmes. These evaluations are titled Assessments of Development Results (ADRs). An ADR evaluates the relevance and strategic positioning of UNDP support and contributions to the country’s development over a period of time. The purpose of the ADR is to generate lessons for future country-level programming and to contribute to the effectiveness and substantive accountability of UNDP. This report presents the findings and recommendations of an ADR that was conducted in Tajikistan with a scope covering the period of two country cooperation frameworks (2001 to 2008). More specifically, the ADR provides forward-looking recommendations to assist the UNDP country office and its partners in formulating an action plan for the next programming cycle (2010-2014).
  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary
    Since its national independence in 1991 and subsequent civil war until 1997, Tajikistan has faced formidable challenges in political restructuring, reorganizing the economy and responding to the socio-economic needs of the people. There was a steep economic decline with disruption of trade with countries in Central Asia, withdrawal of subsidies from Moscow, and decline in both industrial and agriculture production. The civil war contributed to the deterioration of the physical infrastructure and an already weak institutional capacity. After a decade of political unrest and social and economic instability, institutional reforms have been underway since 1997. The government has been pursuing measures towards macro-economic stabilization, restructuring financial systems, privatization and controlling inflation. While there has been an overall decline in the poverty level, 64 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. Recurrent humanitarian crises have slowed down development and diverted the focus from long-term development issues.
  • Introduction
    Tajikistan is the poorest among the countries of the former Republics of the Soviet Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). A large section of the population in Tajikistan was directly affected by the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the subsequent civil war. While the country returned to peace and political stabilization in the late 1990s, the transition to development poses several challenges. Development challenges include: post-war reconstruction, targeted assistance to the poor and reducing poverty, generating employment, and strengthening public institutions and governance.
  • National context
  • UNDP in Tajikistan
    UNDP began its programme in Tajikistan in 1993 and supported the relief and stabilization efforts of the international community and the United Nations Peacebuilding Support Office. Until 1997, UNDP activities were defined by the political and social instability in the country and the programme was largely confined to humanitarian assistance at the sub-district. Since the signing of the Peace Agreement in 1997, UNDP has expanded its programme scope to reconstruction, transition and development. A strategic framework for UNDP assistance was formulated for the period 1997 to 1998 to link humanitarian and longer-term development assistance. This later evolved into the first country programme for the period 1999 to 2000, subsequently followed by the second (2001 to 2004) and third country programmes (2005 to 2009). The ADR carried out an evaluation of the third country programme and part of the interventions of the second country programme. The programme response of UNDP is described in the following sections.
  • Contribution to national development results
    The aim of UNDP assistance in Tajikistan has been to provide quality policy and programme support in alleviating poverty, share best practices and enhance government capacities to address development challenges. The PRS-I, PRS-II and NDS provide a strong framework for UNDP to design development support for the Government of Tajikistan. During the period 2001 to 2008, UNDP implemented two country programmes that comprised four broad areas: poverty alleviation (through microfinance, business support services, and development of public infrastructure), support to MDGs and strengthening of local government; strengthening national governance; enhancing the capacities of health institutions to minimize the risk of HIV/AIDS, malaria and TB; and reducing vulnerability to natural disasters. The analysis of contribution to national development results is structured along these broad programme areas within the context of national priorities and strategies.
  • Cross-cutting issues
    The previous chapter on development results discussed UNDPs support to capacity development in relation to specific initiatives. It is further discussed here in the context of the entire programme. The support to data systems are discussed as part of the section on capacity development.
  • Strategic position of UNDP
    UNDP programme decisions were largely guided by the post-war transition and development needs in Tajikistan. UNDP has been implementing programmes in Tajikistan since the civil war. Initial UNDP work was post conflict rehabilitation and support to the United Nations Peacebuilding Support Office. UNDP followed a phased approach in its programme intervention: beginning with reconstruction and stabilization activities that were followed by transition and development interventions. The second and ongoing country programmes focused on improving economic opportunities in rural areas, support to public services, and strengthening institutional capacities. These are the priority issues in Tajikistan.
  • Conclusions and recommendations
    This chapter summarizes the main conclusions from the evaluation and certain recurring issues, largely interconnected, that have implications for the future programming. These are followed by specific recommendations for consideration by UNDP.
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