Assessment of Development Results

2518-3192 (online)
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This series assesses the attainment of intended and achieved results as well as United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) contributions to development results at the country level. Their scope include, but is not confined to, UNDP responsiveness and alignment to country challenges and priorities; strategic positioning; use of comparative advantage; and engagement with partners. The number and selection of countries, and the timing of these evaluations, are determined to ensure coverage and to allow findings and recommendations to feed into the preparation of the subsequent programme. Wherever possible, these evaluations will be conducted in conjunction with other United Nations organizations.

Assessment of Development Results - Jamaica

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13 Dec 2011
9789210547871 (PDF)

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This report presents an independent evaluation managed by the Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Jamaica in 2010. It assesses UNDP’s overall contribution to the development of the country over the most recent programming cycles, as well as the strategy and performance of UNDP-Jamaica during the last programme cycles and their action plans.
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  • Acknowledgements
    This evaluation was conducted by the UNDP Evaluation Office with the assistance of an independent evaluation team. The team was led by David Todd and comprised the following specialists: Neville Duncan, Aldrie Henry-Lee, David Lee, Lloyd Waller and Michael Witter. Fumika Ouchi oversaw the evaluation process as the task manager at the Evaluation Office. The Evaluation Office would like to thank the entire evaluation team for their dedication and hard work throughout the exercise.
  • Foreword
    This is the report of an independent countrylevel evaluation called the Assessment of Development Results (ADR) in Jamaica, conducted by the Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The evaluation examines the relevance and strategic positioning of UNDP support and its contributions to the country’s development.
  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary
    Jamaica is a small island developing state located in the Caribbean, with a population of 2.8 million in 2010 and a GDP per capita of US$8,400. Its main sources of income are tourism and bauxite. Classified as an upper middle-income country, Jamaica is in demographic transition with declining trends in both mortality and fertility. The country faces many development challenges, including persistent budget deficits, high external debt, declining income, increasing poverty, environmental vulnerability, political instability and high levels of violence.
  • Introduction
    The UNDP Evaluation Office introduced the Assessment of Development Results (ADR) in 2001 as a systematic means of assessing the contribution of UNDP to the achievement of development results in countries where it operates. The ADR approach and methodology have been refined based on experience and are now supported by a detailed ADR Method Manual and Guidelines.
  • Development challenges and national strategies
    Jamaica is a small island developing state, with a land area of 10,991 square kilometres. It is located in the western Caribbean Sea, about 145 kilometres south of Cuba and 191 kilometres west of Hispaniola. The inland area is mountainous, and is surrounded by coastal plains. The climate is tropical, mainly hot and humid, but is more temperate in the highlands. The island lies in the Atlantic Ocean hurricane belt and has been subject to significant damage and loss of life from a succession of hurricanes and tropical storms.
  • UNDP's response and strategies
    During the 2002-2006 period, the Country Programme Document focused on three programme areas, namely poverty eradication, improved governance, and environment and energy. The poverty eradication and governance initiatives supported by UNDP in this programme focused on policy development and greater integration of policy with direct interventions. During this period, UNDP also focused on the need to build government capacity in the areas of project formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. As UNDP supported the formulation of the MDG report and the national human development report (NHDR), the need to enhance communication and advocacy of development strategies and planned outcomes became clear. Two main lessons emerged. First was the need to engage decision-makers and those at the highest levels of government from the inception. That strategy would ensure that global methodologies and development tools were adapted to transform national policy and development processes. Second, policy-level action must be supported by effective interventions at the institutional and community levels.
  • Contribution to development results
    The CPAP identified seven outcomes to be achieved during the 2007-2011 period. Six of these were under the priority area of crisis prevention and management. This very broad area was sub-divided among the democratic governance, poverty reduction and disaster risk reduction portfolios and the responses to the intended outcomes are analysed under those headings. One intended CPAP outcome aimed to support national efforts in the field of HIV/ AIDS, through ‘Evidence-based advocacy strategy and tools in place and effectively implemented with gender differentiated focus’. The intended deliverable was a socio-economic impact study of AIDS. This remained on the programme budget until 2008, but faded from the picture in that year and nothing was implemented.
  • UNDP's strategic positioning
  • Conclusions and recommendations
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