Assessment of Development Results

English
ISSN: 
2518-3192 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/cc1e98b9-en
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This series assesses the attainment of intended and achieved results as well as United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) contributions to development results at the country level. Their scope include, but is not confined to, UNDP responsiveness and alignment to country challenges and priorities; strategic positioning; use of comparative advantage; and engagement with partners. The number and selection of countries, and the timing of these evaluations, are determined to ensure coverage and to allow findings and recommendations to feed into the preparation of the subsequent programme. Wherever possible, these evaluations will be conducted in conjunction with other United Nations organizations.

 
Assessment of Development Results - India

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English
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Author(s):
UNDP
16 July 2012
Pages:
112
ISBN:
9789210550062 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/efe9bcaf-en

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This report presents an independent country-level evaluation conducted by the UNDP Evaluation Office in 2010. The evaluation examines the strategic relevance and positioning of UNDP support, and its contribution to the development of India.
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  • Acknowledgements
    This evaluation was conducted by the Evaluation Office of UNDP, with Juha I. Uitto as task manager. The office drew on the following persons to conduct the evaluation: Team leader Jayati Ghosh, senior adviser Gus Edgren, and team members Anand Akundy and Suman Sahai who took specific responsibilities for the governance and environment and energy areas, respectively. At the Evaluation Office, Elizabeth de León Jones provided research support. This ADR was conducted in parallel with and benefited from three outcome evaluations commissioned by the UNDP India country office. We would like to acknowledge the mutual benefits of this coordination and to recognize the contributions made by the outcome evaluation consultants, Premila Nazareth Satyanand, Vishaish Uppal and Anita Rego.
  • Foreword
    The Assessment of Development Results (ADR) as a core area of the work of the Evaluation Office seeks to independently and systematically assess progress around key United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) interventions in countries which receive UNDP support. This ADR is the 66th assessment, and the 17th conducted within the Regional Bureau of Asia and the Pacific. It builds upon the first ADR conducted in India in 2002, and focuses on the impact of the following UNDP interventions between 2004-2011: namely the programme areas of poverty reduction and MDG achievement, democratic governance, environment and sustainable development, HIV/AIDS, and crisis prevention and recovery. It is a critical reflection of how well UNDP has worked in this country context, and makes findings and presents recommendations to enhance the alignment between UNDP global focal priority areas and actual benefits at the country level.
  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary
    Assessments of Development Results (ADRs) are an independent evaluation of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)’s contribution to the development results in countries where the organization operates. This ADR was launched by the Evaluation Office (EO) of UNDP in 2011. UNDP’s contribution to national development efforts was assessed against the following criteria: thematic relevance; effectiveness; efficiency; and sustainability. UNDP’s strategic position was assessed against the following criteria: strategic relevance and responsiveness, making the most of UNDP’s comparative strength, and promotion of UN values from a human development perspective.
  • Introduction and methodology
    This Assessment of Development Results (ADR) in India was launched by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Evaluation Office (EO) in 2011. An ADR is an independent country-level programmatic evaluation aimed at capturing and providing demonstrated evaluative evidence of UNDP’s contribution to development results and UNDP’s strategic positioning in India. The overall goals of an ADR are to support greater UNDP accountability for development results to national stakeholders and partners in the programme country, to the UNDP Executive Board and to the public. The ADR is also expected to contribute to learning at the corporate, regional and country levels.
  • Country context and development challenges
    India is a country of continental dimensions, of a size and complexity that are hard to appreciate or even fully comprehend even for those used to dealing with it. In terms of the sheer geographical spread and range, natural flora and fauna, the richness and diversity of cultural and linguistic forms, the buoyancy of its chaotic democratic politics and the complexity of social relations, the country probably has no equal. It accounts for nearly one-fifth of the global population, and a growing (but still relatively small) share of the global economy.
  • UNDP in India in the past decade
    UNDP operations in India started with the signing in 1952 of the Special Agreement (Standard Basic Framework Agreement) between the Government of India and the United Nations and participating organizations for the appointment of a Resident Technical Assistance Representative, and the 1960 signing of the Agreement between the United Nations Special Fund and the Government of India concerning assistance from the Special Fund.
  • UNDP's contribution to India's development: Programmatic analysis
    This chapter assesses UNDP’s contribution in terms of the main programmatic areas. This approach is necessary because, despite UNDP’s attempts to look at its entire set of activities in India in a holistic manner defined in relation to proposed overall outcomes, the actual operations are largely within different programmes areas that still do not relate much to one another. While this may be a concern, it does mean that the different activities of UNDP in India are best analysed within the framework of particular programmes.
  • UNDP's strategic positioning and other aspects of functioning
    The widely dispersed programming over the period considered by the ADR reflects an overall absence of a strategic approach, which has been noticed and commented upon by almost all stakeholders. It is reassuring to note that UNDP is also aware of this problem and has moved in the past few years to reduce the number of projects and focus them more strategically and in a more consistent way.
  • Conclusions and recommendations
    Overall, this ADR has revealed the mixed performance of UNDP India over the period covered (2004-mid-2011). There are some areas of clear success and others where there are problems. It is definitely the case that UNDP has made several important contributions to India’s development in the past decade, but it is also clear that UNDP must now reposition itself, restructure the country office, and change patterns and methods of work substantially, in order to meet the changing context within the country and globally.
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