Assessment of Development Results

English
ISSN: 
2518-3192 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/cc1e98b9-en
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This series assesses the attainment of intended and achieved results as well as United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) contributions to development results at the country level. Their scope include, but is not confined to, UNDP responsiveness and alignment to country challenges and priorities; strategic positioning; use of comparative advantage; and engagement with partners. The number and selection of countries, and the timing of these evaluations, are determined to ensure coverage and to allow findings and recommendations to feed into the preparation of the subsequent programme. Wherever possible, these evaluations will be conducted in conjunction with other United Nations organizations.

 
Assessment of Development Results - Cambodia

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English
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Author(s):
UNDP
03 May 2013
Pages:
109
ISBN:
9789210561006 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/61cb05ee-en

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This independent country-level evaluation examines the relevance and strategic positioning of UNDP support and its contributions to the country’s development from 2001 to 2009. It suggests UNDP Cambodia to refocus programme activities to the people of Cambodia: UNDP should promote the use of democratic system and local governance structure it has helped to establish, and encourage the participation of people in democratic decision making; it should bring in a sharper poverty focus in its assistance to economic policy making; and it should address environmental concerns through making clear linkages with sustainable livelihood concerns of local population. The finding of the report is a reminder that, as successful as its Cambodia programme has been, UNDP needs to constantly readjust itself to line up with its mandate to help countries accelerate human development and aim for real improvements in people’s lives.

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  • Foreword

    This is an independent country-level evaluation, conducted by the Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). This Assessment of Development Results examines the relevance and strategic positioning of UNDP support and its contributions to the country’s development from 2001 to 2009. It assesses UNDP interventions under the various thematic areas of the country programme, with the aim of providing forward-looking recommendations meant to assist the UNDP country office and its partners in the formulation of programmes for the next cycle (2011–2015).

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    The Assessment of Development Results (ADR) in Cambodia is an independent country-level evaluation conducted by the Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 2009. Its objective is to assess UNDP overall performance and contribution to development in Cambodia during the two most recent programming cycles and to draw lessons for future strategies, particularly for the next programming cycle. Accordingly, this ADR examines UNDP strategy and performance under the ongoing Country Programme 2006-2010 for Cambodia and Country Programme Action Plan 2006-2010, as well as the previous Country Cooperation Framework 2001-2005, with a closer look at the more recent programme. In doing the assessment, the report looks at UNDP projects and activities as part of the broader United Nations Development Assistance Framework.

  • Introduction

    The Assessment of Development Results (ADR) in Cambodia is an independent country-level evaluation conducted by the Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 2009. Its objective is to assess UNDP overall performance and contribution to development in Cambodia during the two most recent programming cycles and to draw lessons for future strategies, particularly for the next programming cycle.

  • Development challenges and national strategies

    Ever since the overthrow of the Khmer Rouge regime in 1979, Cambodia has been making a valiant attempt to emerge out of its tragic past. However, the absence of international assistance from most of the world and continued internal warfare, made rebuilding the nation difficult in the 1980s. A major shift occurred in 1989, when the country embarked on a new path to development based on reliance on the market and the private sector, aided and supported by the government. Soon thereafter, the political environment also improved as persistent turbulence gave way to relative stability following the Paris Peace Accord of 1991. The transition towards peace was strengthened by the holding of the first democratically conducted general elections in 1993 under the auspices of the United Nations Team of Action for Cambodia, which was followed up by the adoption of the new constitution and formation of a national Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC). Since then, Cambodia’s move towards a peaceful, democratic and prosperous society has gathered momentum and the country has moved forward, except for a brief interlude in 1998 when a new civil war threatened but was eventually averted.

  • UNDP response and strategy

    The two most recent programming cycles for UNDP Cambodia have covered the periods 2001-2005 and 2006-2010. In each case, the country programme was preceded by and based upon a common UNDAF.

  • Strategic positioning of UNDP

    UNDP strategic positioning in Cambodia was analysed in terms of four criteria: the strategic relevance of UNDP activities in the light of development challenges faced by Cambodia; the quality of UNDP responsiveness to Cambodia’s changing development needs; the contribution that UNDP (and the UN system in general) makes to the propagation and inculcation of wider UN values in Cambodia; and UNDP success in forging strategic partnerships with various actors in the development arena—multilateral and bilateral development agencies, national and international NGOs, the private sector and civil society—while assisting RGC in achieving its development goals.

  • UNDP contribution to development results

    This outcome stems from the recognition that broad-based socio-economic development in Cambodia can only emerge from a democratic environment in which the government is responsive to the needs of the people. However to ensure a democratic environment, it is essential that the executive is made accountable for its actions. In turn, the executive’s accountability depends on its relationship with other actors in society. This outcome identifies two groups of actors in this connection—civil society and the legislature—and seeks to strengthen them to improve the checks and balances of the executive.

  • Conclusions and recommendations

    Ever since Cambodia emerged from the darkness of history with the Paris Peace Accord of 1991, UNDP Cambodia has been actively engaged in helping the country achieve the triple transition from conflict to peace, from autocracy to democracy, and from a centrally planned economy to market-based economic development. The challenges of this triple transition are enormous, especially as Cambodia has had to attempt it from a very low level of development. UNDP has been a staunch ally of the RGC in its attempt to meet the challenges, by providing support in such diverse areas as aid coordination, democratization, decentralization, environmental conservation, and poverty alleviation through employment creation.

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