Arab Society: A Compendium of Social Statistics

English
Frequency
Biennial
ISSN: 
2411-9865 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/8c89dec9-en
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The Compendium of Social Statistics and Indicators is a biennial publication which focuses on such areas as population, education, households and family, human settlements, health, and economic activity. Its primary objective is to highlight social development in the region through tabulation of time series statistics and indicators.
 
Arab Society: Compendium of Social Statistics - Issue No. 12

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English
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Author(s):
UN
18 Mar 2016
Pages:
72
ISBN:
9789210577731 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/619d065d-en

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Arab Society: A Compendium of Social Statistics is the latest in a series of biennial compendia of the Statistics Division of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA). It provides a general view of Arab society in the ESCWA region and the changes it has encountered over time. Drawing on data provided mainly from national statistics offices (NSOs), it focuses on issues of population, labour, housing conditions, education, poverty, health and culture. Each issue of the Compendium focuses on a single theme. The twelfth issue of the Compendium concerns household composition and family formation.
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  • Acknowledgments
    The 12th issue of Arab Society: A Compendium of Social Statistics is the latest in a series of biennial compendia of the Statistics Division of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA). It provides a general view of the Arab society in the ESCWA region and the changes it has encountered over time. Drawing on data provided mainly from national statistical offices (NSOs), it focuses on issues of population, labour, housing conditions, education, poverty, health, and culture. Each issue of the Compendium focuses on a single theme. The 12th issue of the Compendium concerns household composition and family formation.
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  • Introduction
    Arab Society: A Compendium of Social Statistics is the latest in a series of biennial compendia of the Statistics Division of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA). It provides a broad description of Arab society in the region and how it is changing over time. Drawing on data provided mainly from national statistical offices (NSOs), it focuses on population dynamics, households and families, employment, education, housing conditions, health, poverty, and culture. In each issue of the Compendium, we focus on one theme, and this year’s theme is households and families. Other issues of social concern, such as crime and justice, social protection and social participation, are left out owing to the lack of reliable data. Data for Mauritania are not reported in this issue of the Compendium as the country became a member of ESCWA after the finalization of the data collection process.
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Selected Social Indicators

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    • Population
      Countries in the Arab region have reached different stages of demographic transition, resulting in diverse demographic features for the region. This is owing to a wide range of country-specific social, economic, political, and cultural factors. Currently, region includes countries with markedly different population sizes, age-sex structures, growth rates, and population composition. These features are determined by the speed of change, namely fertility, mortality and international migration (including labour migration and war-related population displacements). Understanding demographic change is crucial from a policy perspective because it affects almost all aspect of life and has important implications for the labour market, economic growth, employment potential, housing needs and demand for education, health, and social services in any country. Reliable data on the size and structure of populations, as well as on components of demographic change are, therefore, essential for understanding various aspects of social and economic trends and for informing public-policy decisions at the national level. Such data are also important for measuring performance against internationally agreed development goals.
    • Household composition and family formation
      The composition of a household shapes the lived experience of its inhabitants and provides some broad indications of social and economic well-being of the members of the household (Deaton and others, 1989).
    • Labour
      Labour market composition and trends are important determinants of macroeconomic performance. In the Arab region, women participate in the labour force at much lower rates than men often by a wide margin. Youth and women who participate in the labour force in the region typically face high unemployment rates.
    • Housing conditions
      Everyone has the right to adequate housing, which entails more than just four walls and a roof over the head. Adequate housing is essential for people, and their families, to being sheltered from extreme weather and climate conditions. It should offer people a suitable place to sleep and rest, where they are free of risks and hazards. In addition, housing should give people a sense of personal security, privacy and personal space. These elements, among others, make a house a home and are intrinsically valuable to people (OECD, 2011).
    • Education
      Education is among the major factors that foster social and economic development.
    • Health
      The state of health in a population is shaped by the prevailing sanitary and environmental conditions, the quality and accessibility of health services, and the ability of individuals to make healthy choices in their lives. This section presents available data on reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health; lifestyle; and health risk factors and health facilities, expenditures and resources across the Arab region.
    • Poverty
      Reducing poverty has been one of the main priorities on the international development agenda, and it is the first of the 17 Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals. In the Arab region, increased attention by policymakers has been given to reducing poverty and eradicating extreme forms of deprivation.
    • Culture
      A country’s art, history, heritage, music, folklore, food, values, and religions, to name a few, all fall under the umbrella of culture. The culture in the Arab region is particularly rich and varied.
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