United Nations Disarmament Yearbook

2412-1193 (online)
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This publication has been a rich source of historical knowledge on developments, trends and achievements of multilateral disarmament for more than 30 years. In early spring of each year, Part I of the Yearbook is published containing an annual compilation of texts and statistics on disarmament-related resolutions and decisions of the General Assembly. In early Autumn, Part II is published presenting the main topics of multilateral consideration during the year, along with a convenient issues-oriented timeline.
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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 1982

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31 Dec 1982
9789210579865 (PDF)

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The volume 7 compiles the disarmament resolutions and decisions of the General Assembly, the voting patterns in the General Assembly and the First Committee report and dates of their adoption.
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  • New weapons of mass destruction
  • Radiological weapons
    As early as 1948 radioactive material weapons were recognized in a United Nations document as being in the category of weapons of mass destruction. Radiological weapons, as they are generally referred to, have been defined as those which would make use of the dispersal of radioactive substances in the target area to cause injury to persons independently of nuclear explosions. Although such weapons are not known to have been developed, the international community has an interest in banning them as potential weapons of mass destruction before they are actually manufactured.
  • Prohibition of the stationing of weapons and prevention of an arms race in outer space
    In 1958, one after the first man-made satellite was launched into outer space, heralding what came to be known as “the space age”, the General Assembly of the United Nations decided to place on its agenda an item dealing with the peaceful uses of outer space. In 1959, the Ad Hoc Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, established by the Assembly the previous year, became a permanent body.
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Consideration of conventional disarmament and other approaches

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    • Limitation of conventional armaments and the arms trade on a world-wide and regional basis
      One of the most disquinting features of the international situation during 1982 was the seemingly endless upward spiral in the quantitative and qualitative arms race, which resulted in annual world-wide military expenditures rising to some $600 billion and involved nearly all countries and regions. Although the arms race continued in both the nuclear and non-nuclear spheres, non-nuclear spending accounted for over four fifths of military expenditures. Nuclear disarmament continued to command highest priority attention in international disarmament efforts, however, because of the uniquely destructive capacity of nuclear weapons which, unlike any other type of weapon, threaten mankind’s very survival. In addition to expressing grave concern about the nuclear arms race, the international community, especially in recent years, has sought to give increased attention to the buildup of other types of weapons which, though less total in their destructive potential, have continued to cause much death and great damage to human beings and their environment.
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  • Reduction of military budgets
    The United Nations has endeavoured to cope with the question of limitation of military expenditures since 1950; as a result, 24 resolutions have been adopted by the General Assembly and 12 studies have been made under the Organization’s auspices on the subject and closely related problems.
  • Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace
    The Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a Zone of Peace was adopted by the General Assembly in 1971 as resolution 2832 (XXVI) on the basis of an initiative of Sri Lanka, later joined by the United Republic of Tanzania. By that Declaration, the Indian Ocean, within limits to be determined, together with the airspace above and the ocean floor subjacent thereto, was designated for all time as a zone of peace. The Assembly also called upon the great Powers to enter into consultations with the littoral States of the Indian Ocean with a view to halting the further escalation of their military presence there and to eliminating from the area all bases, military installations and logistical supply facilities, nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. By the Declaration, the Assembly furthermore called upon the littoral and hinterland States of the Indian Ocean, the permanent members of the Security Council and other major maritime users of the Indian Ocean to enter into consultations aimed towards the implementation of the Declaration whereby (a) warships and military aircraft would not use the Indian Ocean for any threat or use of force against any littoral or hinterland State; (b) the right to free and unimpeded use of the zone by the vessels of all nations would be assured; and (c) international agreement would be reached for the maintenance of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace.
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Information and studies

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    • Launching of the world disarmament campaign and observance of disarmament week
      In the Final Document of its first special session devoted to disarmament, in 1978, the General Assembly emphasized the importance of mobilizing public opinion on behalf of disarmament. In the same Document it proclaimed the week starting 24 October, the day of the foundation of the United Nations, as Disarmament Week, that is, a week devoted to fostering the objectives of disarmament. Since then the United Nations has observed Disarmament Week every year and increasingly Governments and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have developed activities to mark that event.
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  • Study on the economic and social consequences of the arms race of military expenditures
    Since the beginning of the 1970s there have been periodic assessments of the economic and social consequences of the arms race by the United Nations. Two studies, the first in 1972 and the second in 1977, were carried out by the Secretary-General with the assistance of consultant experts, at the request of the General Assembly. Both these earlier reports stressed the deadly destructive potential of the arms race, particularly in its nuclear aspects, and the opportunities for socio-economic development that were lost through a continuing use of the world’s finite resources for military purposes. They also warned that a failure to stop the arms race would complicate the problems of international economic growth.
  • United Nations disarmament studies programme
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