Development Centre Studies

OECD Development Centre

1990-0295 (online)
1563-4302 (print)
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This series of monographs from the OECD Development Centre covers development issues generally and in some cases issues in specific countries. It  includes Angus Maddison’s books containing long-term historical estimates of GDP for various areas of the world.

Also available in French, Spanish
The Economics and Politics of Transition to an Open Market Economy

The Economics and Politics of Transition to an Open Market Economy

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OECD Development Centre

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Dieter Weiss, Ulrich Wurzel
30 Sep 1998
9789264163607 (PDF) ;9789264161245(print)

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Egypt is lagging behind other countries in the Mediterranean region in reforming its economy. This book explains why.

The authors contend that the Egyptian political system, based to a large extent on discrete patronage and dominated by powerful interest groups was inherently resistant to reform. In addition, the country's strategic position in Middle Eastern politics provided the environment for aid flows which mitigated the need for change by creating an illusion of economic wellbeing. Egypt has thus been protected from the pressure of the international market system. Yet, argues this study, such pressure is the only effective stimulus to fundamental reform.

Also available in French
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Pre-Reform Conditions
Chapter 2. Initiation of Reform
Chapter 3. The Missing Dynamics of Reform
Chapter 4. Chronology of the Politics of Macroeconomic Reform
Chapter 5. Politics and Microeconomics of Reform
Chapter 6. The Weakness of Civil Society
Chapter 7. International Actors Supporting Reform
Chapter 8. The Role of Ideology
Chapter 9. Institutions and Rules of Conflict Resolution
Chapter 10. Random Influences on the Reform Process
Chapter 11. Egypt's Reform Impasse
Chapter 12. General Conclusions
Annex Tables

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