The Architecture of Development Assistance

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
03 Dec 2012
Pages :
204
ISBN :
9789264178885 (PDF) ; 9789264178878 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264178885-en

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This book includes reports on Multilateral Aid, the Division of Labour and Aid Fragmentation, Aid Predictability to provide an overview of the key trends and developments in the architecture of aid.

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    Foreword

    The complexity and diversity of the architecture of development co-operation institutions, instruments and interventions mirror the multiplicity of global development issues that official development assistance (ODA) has addressed over the decades. The result today is a complex new pattern of relationships too often dictated by vested interests, and burgeoning fragmentation – too many donors scattering too little ODA across too many countries.

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    Acronyms and abbreviations
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    Executive summary

    Is the aid industry turning into a crumbing edifice? Growing complexity is certainly putting a strain on aid architecture. The sheer numbers of state and non-state actors have proliferated, giving rise to new patterns of development co-operation. The global development landscape has changed, too, forming a patchwork of countries at different stages of development.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Part I. Multilateral aid

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      Key messages on multilateral aid

      The first part of Architecture of Development Assistance is devoted to the 2011 DAC Report on Multilateral Aid. These key messages provide an overview of recent trends in multilateral aid and how countries decide between multilateral and bilateral aid. The overriding trend is one of decline in aid volumes after the historic high of 2009, but the picture in reality is more complex depending on whether aid is earmarked or not. The overview also considers the five big groupings of multilateral organisations that account for the vast majority of aid and discusses non-DAC donor multilateral aid. Finally, it considers the case for multilateralism, and looks at examples of countries’ multilateral aid decisions and the evidence they are built upon.

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      How countries determine multilateral aid allocations

      This chapter considers how countries decide between multilateral and bilateral aid and what arrangements they have for determining multilateral aid. It looks at the pros and cons of multilateral and bilateral development assistance, considers the case for multilateralism, and looks at examples of countries’ multilateral aid decisions and the evidence they are built upon – with value for money being an increasingly important factor. It also looks at multilateral organisations and fields of intervention to which donors make their contributions.

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      General trends in multilateral aid

      This chapter addresses recent trends in multilateral aid. The overriding trend is one of decline in aid volumes after the historic high of 2009. The picture in reality is more complex depending on whether aid is earmarked or not and the changing development landscape. The chapter then considers the five big groupings of multilateral organisations that account for the vast majority of aid. The final section discusses non-DAC donor multilateral aid, then concludes.

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      Multilateral Aid
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Part II. Aid fragmentation

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      Key messages on aid fragmentation

      Part II of this report is the 2011 OECD Report on Division of Labour: Addressing Cross-Country Fragmentation of Aid. Drawing on CPA data, this part examines a growing threat to aid architecture – aid fragmentation. These key messages provide an overview of aid fragmentation. It looks at how it is measured, and introduces the notion of "significant" and "non-significant" aid relations. The overview discusses patterns in the growing fragmentation of aid, and examines which countries are most affected. It then addresses donors’ growing awareness of the need to rationalise aid practices and briefly considers how recipient countries will be affected by donor exits. Finally, it proposes ways of curbing aid fragmentation, and proposes relative targets to guide changes in this direction.

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      Identifying aid fragmentation

      This chapter defines fragmentation of aid, puts it into context, looks at how it is measured, and introduces the notion of "significant" and "non-significant" aid relations.

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      Current trends in aid fragmentation

      This chapter discusses patterns in the growing fragmentation of aid. It examines which countries are most affected and how bilateral donors are mainly responsible. It then addresses donors’ growing awareness of the need to rationalise aid practices and briefly considers how recipient countries will be affected by exits.

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      Approaches to reducing fragmentation

      1This chapter proposes ways of curbing aid fragmentation, and proposes relative targets to guide changes in this direction. It closes Part II with some brief conclusions and recommendations.

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      Aid fragmentation
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Part III. Aid predictability

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      Key messages on aid predictability

      These key messages provide an overview of the important part aid predictability and transparency plays in making aid more effective. It looks at the results of the 2011 OECD-DAC Survey on Donors’ Forward Spending Plans and examines where aid is likely to be allocated and which country groupings may expect to see major changes in aid volumes. It also examines the accuracy of donors’ forward spending plans and looks at initiatives of how to further improve the Survey through better accessibility and comprehensiveness of Survey data.

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      Overview of aid predictability and DAC surveys

      Part III reports on aid predictability through an examination of the 2011 OECDDAC Survey on Donors’ Forward Spending Plans. This chapter considers the important part that predictability and transparency play in aid effectiveness and explains the origin of OECD-DAC Surveys on Donors’ Forward Spending Plans.

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      Outlook points to stagnating aid

      This chapter looks at the overall results of the 2011 Survey results and how they differ from those of previous years. It also examines where aid is likely to be allocated and which country groupings may expect to see major changes in aid volumes.

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      Initiatives to make aid more predictable

      This chapter looks at initiatives to improve the predictability of aid flows through better use of the Survey. The results of two pilot initiatives conducted in 2011 demonstrate the need to make survey data more accessible and comprehensive. It also examines the accuracy of donors´ forward spending aid plans for 2010.

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      Aid predictability
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