Perspectives on Global Development 2012
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Perspectives on Global Development 2012

Social Cohesion in a Shifting World

"Shifting wealth" – a process that started in the 1990s and took off in the 2000s – has led to a completely new geography of growth driven by the economic rise of large developing countries, in particular China and India. The resulting re-configuration of the global economy will shape the political, economic and social agendas of international development as those of the converging and poor countries for the years to come.

This report analyses the impact of "Shifting wealth" on social cohesion, largely focusing on high-growth converging countries. A "cohesive" society works towards the well-being of all its members, creates a sense of belonging and fights against the marginalization within and between different groups of societies. The question this report asks is how does the structural transformation in converging economies affect their "social fabric", their sense of belonging or put generally their ability to peacefully manage collective action problems.

Recent events in well performing countries in the Arab world but also beyond such as in Thailand, China and India seem to suggest that economic growth, rising fiscal resources and improvements in education are not sufficient  to create cohesion; governments need to address social deficits and actively promote social cohesion if long-term development is to be sustainable.   

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Publication Date :
21 Nov 2011
DOI :
10.1787/persp_glob_dev-2012-en
 
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Fostering Social Cohesion in a Shifting World You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD
Pages :
235–253
DOI :
10.1787/persp_glob_dev-2012-13-en

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The structural transformation of fast-growing economies offers various unprecedented possibilities for fostering social cohesion in society, among others the availability of greater fiscal resources that can be used to develop more inclusive social security systems. Implementing a social cohesion agenda at the national and sub-national levels requires sustainable financing, political leadership and, for some countries, external support. The mobilisation of domestic resources, monitoring and evaluating policies with respect to their impact on social cohesion, and a more active promotion of civic participation by donors are examples of how social inclusion, trust, participation and social mobility can be fostered.
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