OECD Journal on Development

Discontinued
Frequency :
Quarterly
ISSN :
1996-580X (online)
ISSN :
1816-8124 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/1996580x
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The journal of the OECD Development Assistance Committee that includes reports on the DAC’s reviews of member country’s development co-operation policies, as well as analytical reports on various development issues.  The first issue of the year always presents the DAC Chairman’s annual Development Co-operation Report.

Also available in: French
 
 
 

Volume 3, Issue 3 You do not have access to this content

Publication Date :
14 Nov 2002
DOI :
10.1787/journal_dev-v3-3-en
Also available in: French

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  14 Nov 2002 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/4302331ec003.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/strategic-foundations-and-new-orientations_journal_dev-v3-art17-en
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Strategic foundations and new orientations
OECD

External relations policies, including development co-operation, have been evolving rapidly in the 1990s as the European Community (EC) took on greater responsibilities. Following intense political debate about accountability, in 2001 the EC made major improvements to its development policy and embarked on far-reaching management reforms to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of its aid programme to reduce poverty. This Peer Review assesses the situation after one year of the process expected to last until 2004.

  14 Nov 2002 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/4302331ec004.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/aid-volume-channels-and-allocations-for-poverty-reduction_journal_dev-v3-art18-en
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Aid volume, channels and allocations for poverty reduction
OECD

The EC supports development activities through the EU budget lines for external relations and the European Development Fund (EDF). Poverty reduction is the primary aim of the EC’s new Development Policy and the challenge for the EC is to align its development assistance instruments with this perspective. The EC’s official development assistance (ODA) has been increasing steadily during the 1990s. The EC has a twofold role. First, it is similar to a bilateral donor providing support directly to countries. Second, it has an important role in relation to Member States, co-ordinating their efforts. Further work will be needed to strengthen the impact of EC ODA on poverty reduction, through action to speed up commitments and disbursements, by linking ODA with other political and trade activities, and more effective country and sector allocations. Improvements in the allocation process will have to meet several strategic requirements.

  14 Nov 2002 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/4302331ec005.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/sectors-and-cross-cutting-issues_journal_dev-v3-art19-en
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Sectors and cross-cutting issues
OECD

In order to increase efficiency, the EC has defined six priority areas for its activities, and three key cross-cutting issues. The clearer focus reflects an understanding of the comparative advantage of the EC regarding the linkage of trade and political dialogue with development co-operation and complementarity with the Member States. The overall policy framework for development co-operation and the sectoral action plans show the linkages to poverty reduction. The increasing use of sector wide approaches, including budget support, are also intended to increase country ownership, efficiency, and effectiveness. The EC will still face capacity challenges to develop its implementation strategies and policy dialogue.

  14 Nov 2002 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/4302331ec006.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/policy-coherence_journal_dev-v3-art20-en
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Policy coherence
OECD

The EC has made a systematic attempt to improve policy coherence with development objectives. The "Everything but Arms" initiative is an important example of how further policy coherence is being sought between trade and development policies in the external relations area. There remain several policy coherence challenges, especially where internal EC policies, such as the Common Agricultural Policy and Common Fisheries Policy, come into contact with development policy. New institutional mechanisms have been developed in the EC reform process, and these help to address several coherence challenges. These could be further developed to address more complex issues.

  14 Nov 2002 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/4302331ec007.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/organisation-and-management-change_journal_dev-v3-art21-en
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Organisation and management change
OECD

The organisation and management of EC development co-operation is embedded within the broader, and more political, external relations framework. Current reforms include more strategic and streamlined approaches, reorganisation in headquarters, and "deconcentration" of implementation authority to the field. These reforms are more sharply defining the vision, responsibilities, and processes of European aid institutions. It will be a challenge to ensure that these organisational and management reforms are increasingly results-oriented. The transition to this new form of management culture has only begun and will require a longer-term political commitment from European leadership to be successful. To implement this more strategic and developmentally oriented mandate also requires more human resources.

  14 Nov 2002 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/4302331ec008.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/country-ownership-and-operations_journal_dev-v3-art22-en
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Country ownership and operations
OECD

The EC reforms aim to improve operational effectiveness in partner countries. Recent policy emphasis on poverty reduction, host country ownership, the use of CSP and PRSP mechanisms, deconcentration, and results orientation, among other reforms, are now beginning to be systematised in the field. These new directions are at various levels of implementation and already suggest the utility of close Delegation-Headquarters collaboration. Monitoring of system innovations is necessary to adjust to the realities of local implementation. Peer Review feedback suggests that both host country ownership and EC effectiveness would benefit from a further extension of field authority to engage in strategy development and policy dialogue.

  14 Nov 2002 Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/4302331ec009.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/aid-responses-to-afghanistan_journal_dev-v3-art23-en
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Aid Responses to Afghanistan
OECD

"Aid Responses to Afghanistan: Lessons from Previous Evaluations" was a key background paper prepared by Niels Dabelstein for the DAC Experts’ Meeting on "Afghanistan Reconstruction and Recovery: Seeing Round the Corner" (May 2002, OECD, Paris). It was also discussed at the DAC Senior Level Meeting in December 2001. The DAC Afghanistan meeting provided some useful independent advice to policy makers and practioners by discussing openly the complex, fundamental issues underpinning reconstruction and relief strategies. Participants delved into questions of governance and security, capacity building in government and civil society, and the regional dynamics, such as the role of the war economy; topics that were in keeping with the broader set of priorities identified at the Ministerial Meeting in Tokyo, 21-22 January 2002 and the Implementation Group meeting on 10-11 April 2002.

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