OECD Development Assistance Peer Reviews

ISSN :
2222-7466 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/22227466
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This series presents reports on Development Assistance Committee peer reviews of the aid programmes and policies of DAC member countries. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every four or five years. Five members are examined annually. The OECD’s Development Co-operation Directorate provides analytical support and is responsible for developing and maintaining the conceptual framework within which the Peer Reviews are undertaken.  The Peer Review is prepared by a team, consisting of representatives of the Secretariat working with officials from two DAC members who are designated as "examiners". The country under review provides a memorandum setting out the main developments in its policies and programmes. Then the Secretariat and the examiners visit the capital to interview officials, parliamentarians, as well as civil society and NGO representatives of the donor country to obtain a first-hand insight into current issues surrounding the development co-operation efforts of the member concerned. Field visits assess how members are implementing the major DAC policies, principles and concerns, and review operations in recipient countries, particularly with regard to poverty reduction, sustainability, gender equality and other aspects of participatory development, and local aid co-ordination.

The Secretariat then prepares a draft report on the member’s development co-operation which is the basis for the DAC review meeting at the OECD. At this meeting senior officials from the member under review respond to questions formulated by the Secretariat in association with the examiners. The reviews contains the Main Findings and Recommendations of the Development Assistance Committee and the report of the Secretariat.

Also available in: French
 
OECD Development Assistance Peer Reviews: Spain 2011

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
12 Aug 2013
Pages :
130
ISBN :
9789264117129 (PDF)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264117129-en

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Every four years, each of the 24 members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) with the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the United Nations Development Programme as observers is scrutinised by its peers in the Committee.

Five different member countries are peer reviewed each year. The aim is to assess the extent to which the development policies, strategies and activities of the reviewed country meet the standards set by the DAC. Members provide constructive criticism and recommendations based on a report that touches on aid policies, volumes, institutions and field operations. There are no sanctions if the country fails to take the recommendations on board. The exercise is meant to encourage positive change, support mutual learning and raise the overall effectiveness of aid throughout the donor community.

 

Acronyms
The DAC’S main findings and recommendations
Overview
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Overall framework for development co-operation
-Narrowing the scope of Spanish co-operation
-Developing a policy for working with civil society
-Improving accountability: preparing for tougher economic times
-Promoting development beyond aid
-Aid volume and allocation
-Concentrating official development assistance
-Conducting a strategic dialogue with decentralised actors
-Ensuring that Spain’s multilateral contributions are strategic
-Organisation and management
-Creating clear links between Spanish co-ordinating bodies
-Taking the step from evaluation to learning
-Defining a human resource policy that emphasises staff mobility and performance
-Improving the impact of development co-operation
-Using aid effectiveness tools at country level
-Untying aid 20
-Sharing knowledge on capacity development in middle-income countries
-Towards better humanitarian donorship
-Consolidating good progress in humanitarian programming
-Developing a systematic approach to risk
-Secretariat Report
Chapter 1. Strategic orientations
-An ambitious donor, consolidating its position, and focusing on quality
-Progress in implementing the recommendations of the last peer review
-A dedicated policy for Spanish development co-operation
-Separate policy, implementation and financing mechanisms
-New developments: focusing on ways of working
-Re-thinking countries, topics and cross-cutting issues
-Developing clearer criteria for choosing partner countries
-Ensuring a tighter thematic focus
-Mainstreaming cross-cutting issues strategically
-Clearer roles for Spain’s development players
-Implementing the multilateral strategy from the grassroots to the board rooms
-Defining clearer rules of engagement with civil society
-Making the new strategy for the private sector widely known
-Working through one common framework
-Towards better accountability: Spain needs to brace itself for tougher economic times
-Future considerations
Chapter 2. Development beyond aid
-Progress since the last peer review
-An explicit legal commitment to policy coherence for development
-Clear priorities and awareness at headquarters
-Making Spain’s development strategy known in the field – beyond ODA
-Policy co-ordination mechanisms to resolve conflicts or inconsistencies
-New institutional mechanisms for policy coherence
-The need to ensure sub-national policies respect coherence with Spain’s development goals
-Progress in monitoring, analysing and reporting policy coherence for development
-Strengthening links between reporting and policy responses
-Improving monitoring to enhance transparency
-Using whole-of-government approaches
-More progress needed in inter-ministerial co-operation on fragile states
-Looking forward: the "beyond aid" agenda for the whole Spanish government
-Future considerations
Chapter 3. Aid volume, channels and allocations
-Progress since the last peer review
-A quantum leap truncated by a severe economic crisis
-The need for more transparency over Spain’s channels for partner countries
-An increase in allocations to least developed countries and Africa
-The need for geographic concentration
-Visible commitment to multilateralism and a selective approach
-Lessons from Spain’s participation in the MDG Achievement Fund
-Efforts to reduce sectors and prioritise cross-cutting issues
-A new funding structure to improve the quality of Spain’s development co-operation
-Future considerations
Chapter 4. Organisation and management
-Progress since the last peer review
-A stronger institutional structure for development co-operation
-How can co-ordination be improved?
-Good practice in cross-ministry co-ordination: multilateral aid and debt swaps
-Tools for better results
-Creating an evaluation culture
-The need for more policy-level impact evaluations
-Matching evaluation resource increases with capacity
-Allocating resources strategically
-Clearer human resource policies and greater staff empowerment
-Ensuring new corporate systems support change management
-NGOs: funding instruments need to be a function of policy
-Future considerations
Chapter 5. Aid effectiveness and results
-Progress in implementing the recommendations of the last peer review
-All the ingredients for effective aid: a policy, institutions, and a financial framework
-From commitment to practice
-Aid effectiveness beyond the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Co-operation
-Progress on ownership
-Building capacity that lasts
-Making aid more predictable
-The urgent need for progress in untying aid
-Harmonising work with other donors
-Doing more to manage for development results and improve accountability
-Assessing the risks of co-operation in fragile states
-Future considerations
Chapter 6. Humanitarian assistance
-Good progress in implementing the recommendations of the previous peer review
-A coherent results-focused framework for humanitarian programming
-Innovative approaches to supporting recovery
-Disaster risk reduction programming is growing
-Strong political support has led to high levels of risk tolerance, but also exposure
-An active and responsive donor
-Continuing Spain’s useful work to consolidate its partner portfolio
-Supporting co-ordination and encouraging new donors
-Criteria for funding decisions
-Spain: a leader in rapid response
-Operational mechanisms
-Monitoring for impact rather than control
-Ensuring coherence among Spanish actors
-Building staff skills to support "hands on" delivery
-Future considerations
Annex A. Progress since the 2007 DAC peer review recommendations
Annex B. OECD/DAC standard suite of tables
Annex C. Field visit to Bolivia
Bibliography