OECD Development Assistance Peer Reviews

2222-7466 (online)
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This series presents reports on Development Assistance Committee peer reviews of the aid programmes and policies of DAC member countries. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every four or five years. Five members are examined annually. The OECD’s Development Co-operation Directorate provides analytical support and is responsible for developing and maintaining the conceptual framework within which the Peer Reviews are undertaken.  The Peer Review is prepared by a team, consisting of representatives of the Secretariat working with officials from two DAC members who are designated as "examiners". The country under review provides a memorandum setting out the main developments in its policies and programmes. Then the Secretariat and the examiners visit the capital to interview officials, parliamentarians, as well as civil society and NGO representatives of the donor country to obtain a first-hand insight into current issues surrounding the development co-operation efforts of the member concerned. Field visits assess how members are implementing the major DAC policies, principles and concerns, and review operations in recipient countries, particularly with regard to poverty reduction, sustainability, gender equality and other aspects of participatory development, and local aid co-ordination.

The Secretariat then prepares a draft report on the member’s development co-operation which is the basis for the DAC review meeting at the OECD. At this meeting senior officials from the member under review respond to questions formulated by the Secretariat in association with the examiners. The reviews contains the Main Findings and Recommendations of the Development Assistance Committee and the report of the Secretariat.

Also available in French
OECD Development Assistance Peer Reviews: European Union 2012

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02 Aug 2013
9789264196124 (PDF)

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Every four years, each of the 24 members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) with the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the United Nations Development Programme as observers is scrutinised by its peers in the Committee.

Five different member countries are peer reviewed each year. This report asseses the extent to which the development policies, strategies and activities of the European Union meet the standards set by the DAC. Members provide constructive criticism and recommendations based on a report that touches on aid policies, volumes, institutions and field operations. There are no sanctions if the country fails to take the recommendations on board. The exercise is meant to encourage positive change, support mutual learning and raise the overall effectiveness of aid throughout the donor community.

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Table of Contents

List of acronyms
The DAC’S main findings and recommendations
Chapter 1. Strategic orientations

-The European Union: a major, unique donor with potential to be a strong global leader
-Strategic framework
-Efforts in strengthening external partnerships
-Communicating and building public awareness and support
-Future considerations
Chapter 2. Development beyond aid
-Policy coherence: enshrined in the Lisbon Treaty
-"Federator role": a crucial need for high level support
-Commission: a well structured approach, with potential for influencing policies further
-Aid and beyond: a lead role in promoting better financing for development
-Future considerations
Chapter 3. Aid volumes, channels and allocations
-"Federator role": the challenge of meeting the 0.7% ODA/GNI target in a time of crisis
-Official development assistance managed by the EU institutions
-Geographic and sector allocations
-Multilateral channel: becoming more strategic
-Future considerations
Chapter 4. Organisation and management
-Progress since the last peer review
-The EU institutions in flux: managing change to realise potential
-The need to invest in knowledge
-Devolution has been a success on which the EU should build further
-Finding ways to streamline and simplify programming processes
-The approach to monitoring is thorough but could be more focused on development results
-The EU has built a strong basis for evaluation and is seeking to improve its impact
-Future considerations
Chapter 5. Aid effectiveness and results
-Progress since the last peer review
-An important global player in efforts to make development co-operation more effective
-The challenge of meeting ambitions of the EU’s "federating" role on aid effectiveness
-As a donor: mixed progress on making aid managed by the Commission more effective
-Future considerations
Chapter 6. Humanitarian assistance
-Progress on the 2007 peer review recommendations
-A strong policy framework, but challenges remain in countries emerging from crisis
-More than a traditional donor – delivering programmes, not just funds
-Promoting humanitarian issues across the Commission, with Member States, and in the field
-The need to reduce cumbersome procedures to improve programming
-Future considerations
Annex A. Progress since the 2007 DAC peer review recommendations
Annex B. OECD/DAC Standard Suite of Tables
Annex C. Field visits to Chad and Peru
Annex D. Organisation structures (as of February 2012)
Annex E. Approval processes
Description of key terms
European Union : Essential glossary

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