Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Development Co-operation: Policy Guidance

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
17 Nov 2009
Pages :
194
ISBN :
9789264054950 (PDF) ; 9789264054769 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264054950-en

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The negative impacts of climate change will hit poor people and poor countries disproportionately, and further compromise the achievement of their development objectives. Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Development Co-operation provides essential information and advice on how to facilitate the integration of adaptation into development processes. The objectives of this policy guidance are to: i) promote understanding of the implications of climate change on development practice and the associated need to mainstream climate adaptation in development co-operation agencies and partner  countries; ii) identify appropriate approaches for integrating climate change adaptation into development policies at national, sectoral and project levels and in urban and rural contexts; and iii) identify practical ways for donors to support developing country partners in their efforts to reduce their vulnerability to climate variability and climate change. While efforts to integrate climate change adaptation will be led by developing country partners, international donors have a critical role to play in supporting such efforts.

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    • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/integrating-climate-change-adaptation-into-development-co-operation-policy-guidance/foreword_9789264054950-1-en
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    Foreword
    Tackling climate change is perhaps the greatest environmental challenge we face today. If more ambitious policies are not introduced, the OECD projects world greenhouse gas emissions to increase by about 70% by 2050, with severe consequences: destructive sea level rise and storm surges, more frequent and intense heat waves, and agricultural yields declining in many parts of the world. And even if we take actions to combat climate change, some degree of global warming from past emissions is already locked in, posing a serious challenge to social and economic development in all countries. Therefore, it is imperative that we adapt to the already changing climate.
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    Policy Statement on Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Development Co-operation
    In 2006, OECD Development Co-operation Ministers and Heads of Agencies and OECD Environment Ministers met jointly to identify ways to address common challenges.
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    • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/integrating-climate-change-adaptation-into-development-co-operation-policy-guidance/acknowledgements_9789264054950-2-en
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    Acknowledgements
    This policy guidance is a result of the work undertaken by a Joint OECD Environment-Development Task Team on Integrating Climate Change into Development Co-operation, led by Switzerland (Anton Hilber) and The Netherlands (Christine Pirenne, Jan-Peter Mout, Aart van der Horst). The work of the Task Team was jointly overseen by the Environment Policy Committee (EPOC) Working Party on Global and Structural Policies (WPGSP) and the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Environet.
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    Abbreviations and Acronyms
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    • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/integrating-climate-change-adaptation-into-development-co-operation-policy-guidance/executive-summary_9789264054950-4-en
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    Executive Summary
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Understanding the Challenge

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      Introduction and Scope
      This chapter sets out the objectives and scope of this policy guidance; its target audience; and its structure.
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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/integrating-climate-change-adaptation-into-development-co-operation-policy-guidance/weather-climate-variability-and-climate-change_9789264054950-6-en
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      Weather, Climate Variability and Climate Change
      This chapter introduces fundamental concepts related to weather, climate variability and climate change. It also outlines the implications of climate change for weather extremes.
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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/integrating-climate-change-adaptation-into-development-co-operation-policy-guidance/vulnerability-of-the-developing-world-to-climate-change_9789264054950-7-en
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      Vulnerability of the Developing World to Climate Change
      This chapter highlights the implications of climate change on key sectors important for development as well as the impacts of climate change on the developing world.
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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/integrating-climate-change-adaptation-into-development-co-operation-policy-guidance/adapting-to-the-impacts-of-climate-change_9789264054950-8-en
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      Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change
      This chapter sets out what is involved in adaptation to the impacts of climate change and how adaptation is different from regular development.
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      Operationalising Adaptation: From Theory to Action
      This chapter sets out a four-step generic approach to assessing adaptation actions. These include: (i) identifying current and future vulnerabilities and climate risks; (ii) identifying adaptation measures; (iii) evaluating and selecting adaptation options; and (iv) evaluating "success" of adaptation. It goes on to discuss implementing and "mainstreaming" adaptation, the approach of this policy guidance.
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Integrating Climate Change Adaptation at National, Sectoral and Project Levels

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      National, Sectoral and Project Levels
      This chapter introduces Part II of this policy guidance which focuses on integrating adaptation within development activities at the national, sectoral and project levels. The chapter defines the scope of the national, sectoral and project levels and outlines the approach that will be taken in subsequent chapters to integrate adaptation at each of these levels.
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      Integrating Climate Change Adaptation at the National Level
      This chapter addresses why the national level matters for adaptation. It illustrates how to get started on addressing adaptation at the national level by: identifying and engaging key national actors; improving access to national-level climate information; organising government structures to better address adaptation; building upon and reinforcing existing national mechanisms for disaster risk reduction; modifying regulations and standards to reflect current and anticipated climate risks; and enhancing linkages between multilateral/regional commitments and adaptation. It addresses integrating adaptation within the national policy cycle – at the policy formulation stage; at the planning stage (multi-year development plans); at resource allocation stage (mediumterm expenditure frameworks and national budgets); and at the programming/implementation stage – (sector-level development plans). It looks at donor support for integration of adaptation at the national level through budgetary support mechanisms and donor country assistance strategies. Finally, it summarises the challenges and priorities for action at the national level.
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      Integrating Climate Change Adaptation at the Sector Level
      This chapter addresses why the sector level matters for adaptation and identifies the priority sectors and key players at the sector level. It examines integrating adaptation within the sectoral policy cycle - at the policy formulation stage; the planning stage; the resource allocation and sector programming stage; and the monitoring and evaluation stage. It looks at donor support for integration of adaptation at the sectoral level and concludes with a discussion of the challenges and priorities for action.
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      Integrating Climate Change Adaptation at the Project Level
      This chapter addresses why the project level matters for adaptation. It sets out the project cycle, from identification to appraisal and detailed design to implementation to monitoring and evaluation. It goes on to discuss integrating adaptation within the project cycle and the role of donors in enabling integration of adaptation at the project level. The chapter closes with a discussion of challenges and priorities for action at the project level.
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Integrating Climate Change Adaptation at the Local Level

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      Introduction to the Local Level
      This chapter addresses why the local level matters for adaptation. It then discusses linking local adaptation to the national, sectoral and project levels. It closes with a discussion of the roles donors play at the local level.
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      Local Contexts
      This chapter discusses key similarities between urban and rural settings and the implications for adaptation. In particular, it looks at the fact that adaptation is already happening; it underscores the strong link between poverty alleviation and adaptation; it states the need for "good development" and "good governance"; and it examines the roles, comparative advantages and limitations of local governments, the role of communities and civil society as well as the role of the private sector. Finally, it discusses the key differences between rural and urban settings and their implications for adaptation.
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      Integrating Adaptation into Local Development Processes
      This chapter identifies elements for successful integration of climate change adaptation at the local level, which include: broad and sustained engagement and participation with local stakeholders; awareness-raising and targeted messaging on climate change; gathering and using appropriate information; and reconciling time horizons. It looks at the four entry points: (i) development planning processes by local governments; (ii) adjusting local regulatory and service provision frameworks; (iii) adjustment of accountability mechanisms; and (iv) private sector and civil society processes.
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      • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/integrating-climate-change-adaptation-into-development-co-operation-policy-guidance/key-challenges-and-priorities-for-actions_9789264054950-17-en
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      Key Challenges and Priorities for Actions
      This chapter sets out the challenges with regard to integrating adaptation into development at the local level and then outlines priority actions for national governments in supporting local adaptation. These priority actions include: (i) collect and provide information for climate change adaptation; (ii) provide human, financial, technical resources and services to support local adaptation; (iii) provide social protection; and (iv) ensure a supportive policy and institutional framework. The chapter also identifies priority actions for donors. These include: (i) review sectoral priorities in light of climate change; (ii) explore different options for channelling funds and engage stakeholders in building local adaptive capacity; (iii) support decentralisation processes that transfer authority to elected local governments; (iv) enhance local government capacity to take up the responsibilities afforded by decentralisation.
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    Annex A: Examples of Tools and Screening Approaches for Adaptation to Climate Change
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    Annex B: How to Integrate Climate Change Considerations into Sectoral Policies, Plans and Programmes through Strategic Environmental Assessment
    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) refers to "a range of analytical and participatory approaches that aim to integrate environmental considerations into policies, plans and programmes (PPPs) and evaluate the inter-linkages with economic and social considerations" (OECD, 2006c). It offers a structured approach to integrating environmental considerations into PPPs at different levels, including the sector level. The OECD/DAC Good Practice Guidance document on Strategic Environmental Assessment (OECD, 2006c) suggests the following key stages for carrying out an SEA: establishing the context, implementing the SEA (including by undertaking the needed analysis with appropriate stakeholders), informing and influencing decision making, and monitoring and evaluation.
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    References
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