Conflict and Fragility

2074-3637 (online)
2074-3645 (print)
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This series of books from OECD's Development Co-operation Directorate address the issues of violent conflict and fragile governments in developing countries, and how aid can be designed to reduce violence and strengthen governments.

Also available in French
From Power Struggles to Sustainable Peace

From Power Struggles to Sustainable Peace

Understanding Political Settlements You do not have access to this content

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18 Aug 2011
9789264116498 (PDF)

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Until recently, the term "political settlement" has been used almost interchangeably with "peace agreement". But it has broader implications: political settlements span the continuum from negotiated peace agreements to long-term historical development -- in the latter sense approaching the concept of a social contract. Generally speaking, every political regime that is not in the midst of an all-out civil war over its basic parameters is based on some kind of settlement. The adoption of a political settlement lens could therefore bridge conceptual differences between the approaches and endeavours of peacebuilding and statebuilding.
Commissioned by the International Network on Conflict and Fragility (INCAF) of the OECD Development Assistance Committee, this publication provides an overview of key definitions, components and concepts of political settlements, based on existing literature. It also examines the potential impact of donor activities on political settlements and highlights possible implications for donor engagement and support.
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1. The concept of political settlement
- Definition
- The two conceptual dimensions
- The relationship to conflict and fragility
- Implications on economic development
- Content and provisions
- Understanding the dynamics
-The extent of inclusiveness
Chapter 2. Implications for donors
- Understanding donor impact
- Settlements are political
- Analysis is crucial
- Addressing conflict
- Addressing fragility
- Addressing institution building
- Policy coherence
- Entry points

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